tempus

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See also: Tempus

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

tempus

  1. (linguistics) tense

Declension[edit]

Inflection of tempus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative tempus tempukset
genitive tempuksen tempusten
tempuksien
partitive tempusta tempuksia
illative tempukseen tempuksiin
singular plural
nominative tempus tempukset
accusative nom.? tempus tempukset
gen. tempuksen
genitive tempuksen tempusten
tempuksien
partitive tempusta tempuksia
inessive tempuksessa tempuksissa
elative tempuksesta tempuksista
illative tempukseen tempuksiin
adessive tempuksella tempuksilla
ablative tempukselta tempuksilta
allative tempukselle tempuksille
essive tempuksena tempuksina
translative tempukseksi tempuksiksi
instructive tempuksin
abessive tempuksetta tempuksitta
comitative tempuksineen

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

tempus n ‎(genitive temporis); third declension

  1. time, period, age
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations Oratio in Catilinam Prima in Senatu Habita.II
      O tempora, o mores! Senatus haec intellegit, consul videt; hic tamen vivit. Vivit?
      Shame on the age and on its principles! The senate is aware of these things; the consul sees them; and yet this man lives. Lives!
    • c. 29 bc, Publius Vergilius Maro, Georgicon, III.284
      sed fvgit interea fvgit inreparabile tempvs
      But it flees, meanwhile, it flees... irretrievable time.
    • 397 CE – 401 CE, Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis, Confessions 4
      per idem tempus annorum novem, ab undevicensimo anno aetatis meae usque ad duodetricensimum, seducebamur et seducebamus
      During this period of nine years, from my nineteenth year to my twenty-eighth, I went astray and led others astray.
  2. (grammar) tense
Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative tempus tempora
genitive temporis temporum
dative temporī temporibus
accusative tempus tempora
ablative tempore temporibus
vocative tempus tempora
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ten- ‎(temple of the head), related to Latin templum ‎(temple, temple of the head). Cognate with Old English þunwang ‎(temple of the head), Middle High German tinne, tinge ‎(forehead, temples).

Noun[edit]

tempus n ‎(genitive tempōris); third declension

  1. (anatomy) temple (of the head)
Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative tempus tempora
genitive temporis temporum
dative temporī temporibus
accusative tempus tempora
ablative tempore temporibus
vocative tempus tempora
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from tempus ‎(time)

Noun[edit]

tempus m ‎(genitive tempi); second declension

  1. (Medieval Latin, rare) weather
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative tempus tempī
genitive tempī tempōrum
dative tempō tempīs
accusative tempum tempōs
ablative tempō tempīs
vocative tempe tempī
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • tempus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

tempus m

  1. accusative plural form of temps