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Uncertain; the main hypotheses are:



templum n (genitive templī); second declension

  1. an open space for augural observation; open, clear, broad space
  2. a space dedicated to a deity; place of divine worship; sanctuary, shrine, temple
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.511:
      templa deō fīunt
      Temples to the god are built
      Shrines to the god are made [there]
    Synonyms: sacellum, delūbrum, fānum, āra


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative templum templa
Genitive templī templōrum
Dative templō templīs
Accusative templum templa
Ablative templō templīs
Vocative templum templa

Derived terms[edit]



  • templum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • templum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • templum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • templum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make a pilgrimage to the shrines of the gods: templa deorum adire
  • templum”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • templum”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 610-611