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Term of uncertain origin, with no parallels in other Italic languages.

  1. Possibly a derivation from Proto-Indo-European *temp- (to stretch, pull),[1][2][3] whence Latvian tem̃pti (to pull, stretch), Old Norse þǫmb (bow), and further possibly Proto-Slavic *tętivà (bowstring), Old Armenian թամբ (tʻamb, saddle). Assuming a shift from to stretch to to measure, meant as the calculation of the aruspices. Compare also extempulō and more distantly tempus, tendō.
  2. Parallel formation to Ancient Greek τέμενος (témenos, sacred enclosure),[4] reflecting Proto-Indo-European *témh₁-lom, from *temh₁- (to cut). The -p- would hence be epenthetic as in exemplum. Further realted to temnō, tondeō.





templum n (genitive templī); second declension

  1. an open space for augural observation; open, clear, broad space
  2. a space dedicated to a deity; place of divine worship; sanctuary, shrine, temple
    Synonyms: sacellum, delūbrum, fānum, āra, aedis
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.511:
      templa deō fīunt
      Temples to the god are built
      Shrines to the god are made [there]



Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative templum templa
Genitive templī templōrum
Dative templō templīs
Accusative templum templa
Ablative templō templīs
Vocative templum templa

Derived terms





  1. ^ Walde, Alois, Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1954) “templum”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), 3rd edition, volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 659ff.
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) “temp-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1064f.
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 610f.
  4. ^ Ernout, Alfred, Meillet, Antoine (1985) “templum”, in Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine: histoire des mots[1] (in French), 4th edition, with additions and corrections of Jacques André, Paris: Klincksieck, published 2001, page 681
  • templum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • templum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • templum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • templum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make a pilgrimage to the shrines of the gods: templa deorum adire
  • templum”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • templum”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin