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From Proto-Indo-European *tend-, from *temh₂- (to cut). See also Latin temnō, tempus, templum, Ancient Greek τέμνω (témnō), Welsh tam (morsel), Middle Irish tamnaim (I cut off), Proto-Slavic *tęti "to split, cleave", and the second element of Latin aestimare (to appraise, value, estimate)



tondeō (present infinitive tondēre, perfect active totondī, supine tōnsum); second conjugation

  1. I shave, shear, clip.
  2. I crop, prune, trim.
  3. I mow, reap.
  4. I graze upon, browse, feed.
  5. I plunder, deprive, fleece somebody.


   Conjugation of tondeō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tondeō tondēs tondet tondēmus tondētis tondent
imperfect tondēbam tondēbās tondēbat tondēbāmus tondēbātis tondēbant
future tondēbō tondēbis tondēbit tondēbimus tondēbitis tondēbunt
perfect totondī totondistī totondit totondimus totondistis totondērunt, totondēre
pluperfect totonderam totonderās totonderat totonderāmus totonderātis totonderant
future perfect totonderō totonderis totonderit totonderimus totonderitis totonderint
passive present tondeor tondēris, tondēre tondētur tondēmur tondēminī tondentur
imperfect tondēbar tondēbāris, tondēbāre tondēbātur tondēbāmur tondēbāminī tondēbantur
future tondēbor tondēberis, tondēbere tondēbitur tondēbimur tondēbiminī tondēbuntur
perfect tōnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect tōnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect tōnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tondeam tondeās tondeat tondeāmus tondeātis tondeant
imperfect tondērem tondērēs tondēret tondērēmus tondērētis tondērent
perfect totonderim totonderīs totonderit totonderīmus totonderītis totonderint
pluperfect totondissem totondissēs totondisset totondissēmus totondissētis totondissent
passive present tondear tondeāris, tondeāre tondeātur tondeāmur tondeāminī tondeantur
imperfect tondērer tondērēris, tondērēre tondērētur tondērēmur tondērēminī tondērentur
perfect tōnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect tōnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tondē tondēte
future tondētō tondētō tondētōte tondentō
passive present tondēre tondēminī
future tondētor tondētor tondentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives tondēre totondisse tōnsūrum esse tondērī tōnsum esse tōnsum īrī
participles tondēns tōnsūrus tōnsus tondendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
tondendī tondendō tondendum tondendō tōnsum tōnsū

Derived terms[edit]