Appendix:Latin second conjugation

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The Latin second conjugation has a stem ending in long 'e'. The infinitive ends in '-ēre'.

Example[edit]

moneō, monēre, monuī, monitus - to warn

Active Indicative[edit]

Present[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st moneō I warn monēmus We warn
2nd monēs You warn monētis You (pl.) warn
3rd monet He/she/it warns monent They warn

nuts

Imperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monēbam I warned monēbāmus We warned
2nd monēbās You warned monēbātis You (pl.) warned
3rd monēbat He/she/it warned monēbant They warned

Future[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monēbo I will warn monēbimus We will warn
2nd monēbis You will warn monēbitis You (pl.) will warn
3rd monēbit He/she/it will warn monēbunt They will warn

Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monuī I have warned monuimus We have warned
2nd monuistī You have warned monuistis You (pl.) have warned
3rd monuit He/she/it has warned monuērunt They have warned

Pluperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monueram I had warned monuerāmus We had warned
2nd monuerās You had warned monuerātis You (pl.) had warned
3rd monuerat He/she/it had warned monuerant They had warned

Future Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monuerō I shall have warned monuerimus We shall have warned
2nd monueris You will have warned monueritis You (pl.) will have warned
3rd monuerit He/she/it will have warned monuerint They will have warned

Passive Indicative[edit]

Present[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st moneor I am warned monēmur We are warned
2nd monēris You are warned monēminī You (pl.) are warned
3rd monētur He/she/it is warned monentur They are warned

Imperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monebar I was warned monebāmur We were warned
2nd monebāris You were warned monebāminī You (pl.) were warned
3rd monebātur He/she/it was warned monebantur They were warned

Future[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monebor I will be warned monebimur We will be warned
2nd moneberis You will be warned monebimini You (pl.) will be warned
3rd monebitur He/she/it will be warned monebuntur They will be warned

Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus sum I have been warned moniti sumus We have been warned
2nd monitus es You have been warned moniti estis You (pl.) have been warned
3rd monitus est He/she/it has been warned moniti sunt They have been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Pluperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus eram I had been warned moniti eramus We had been warned
2nd monitus eras You had been warned moniti eratis You (pl.) had been warned
3rd monitus erat He/she/it had been warned moniti erant They had been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Future perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus ero I will have been warned moniti erimus We will have been warned
2nd monitus eris You will have been warned moniti eritis You (pl.) will have been warned
3rd monitus erit He/she/it will have been warned moniti erunt They will have been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Active subjunctive[edit]

Present[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st moneam I may warn moneāmus we may warn
2nd moneās You may warn moneātis You (pl.) may warn
3rd moneat He/she/it may warn moneant They may warn

Imperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monērem I should warn monērēmus we should warn
2nd monērēs You would warn monērētis You (pl.) would warn
3rd monēret He/she/it would warn monērent They would warn

Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monuerim I may have warned monuerīmus we may have warned
2nd monuerīs You may have warned monuerītis You (pl.) may have warned
3rd monuerit He/she/it may have warned monuerint They may have warned

Pluperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monuissem I should have warned monuissēmus we should have warned
2nd monuissēs You would have warned monuissētis You (pl.) would have warned
3rd monuisset He/she/it would have warned monuissent They would have warned

Passive subjunctive[edit]

Present[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monear I may be warned moneāmur we may be warned
2nd moneāris You may be warned moneāminī You (pl.) may be warned
3rd moneātur He/she/it may be warned moneantur They may be warned

Imperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monērer I should be warned monērēmur we should be warned
2nd monērēris You would be warned monērēminī You (pl.) would be warned
3rd monērētur He/she/it would be warned monērentur They would be warned

Perfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus sim I may have been warned monitī sīmus we may have been warned
2nd monitus sīs You may have been warned monitī sītis You (pl.) may have been warned
3rd monitus sit He/she/it may have been warned monitī sint They may have been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Pluperfect[edit]

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus essem I should have been warned monitī essēmus we should have been warned
2nd monitus essēs You would have been warned monitī essētis You (pl.) would have been warned
3rd monitus esset He/she/it would have been warned monitī essent They would have been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-delension adjective.

Imperative[edit]

Active
Mone! (sing.) Warn!
Monete! (pl.) Warn!

Passive
Monere! (sing.) Be warned!
Monemini! (pl.) Be warned!

Gerunds[edit]

Nom. - monere
Gen. - monendi
Dat. - monendo
Acc. - monendum
Abl. - monendo

Infinitives and Participles[edit]

Act. Ind. Inf. - Monēre
Pass. Ind. Inf. - Monērī
Act. Perf. Inf. - Monuisse
Pass. Perf. Inf. - Monitus esse
Act. Fut. Inf. - Moniturus esse
Pass. Fut. Inf. - Monitum iri

Act. Pres. Part. - Monēns
Pass. Perf. Part. - Monitus
Act. Fut. Part. - Monitūrus
Pass. Fut. Part. - Monendus

Related topics[edit]