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From Proto-Italic *moneō, from Proto-Indo-European *monéyeti, causative from *men- (to think).



moneō (present infinitive monēre, perfect active monuī, supine monitum); second conjugation

  1. I warn, I advise
  2. I remind


   Conjugation of moneō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present moneō monēs monet monēmus monētis monent
imperfect monēbam monēbās monēbat monēbāmus monēbātis monēbant
future monēbō monēbis monēbit monēbimus monēbitis monēbunt
perfect monuī monuistī monuit monuimus monuistis monuērunt, monuēre
pluperfect monueram monuerās monuerat monuerāmus monuerātis monuerant
future perfect monuerō monueris monuerit monuerimus monueritis monuerint
passive present moneor monēris, monēre monētur monēmur monēminī monentur
imperfect monēbar monēbāris, monēbāre monēbātur monēbāmur monēbāminī monēbantur
future monēbor monēberis, monēbere monēbitur monēbimur monēbiminī monēbuntur
perfect monitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect monitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect monitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present moneam moneās moneat moneāmus moneātis moneant
imperfect monērem monērēs monēret monērēmus monērētis monērent
perfect monuerim monuerīs monuerit monuerīmus monuerītis monuerint
pluperfect monuissem monuissēs monuisset monuissēmus monuissētis monuissent
passive present monear moneāris, moneāre moneātur moneāmur moneāminī moneantur
imperfect monērer monērēris, monērēre monērētur monērēmur monērēminī monērentur
perfect monitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect monitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present monē monēte
future monētō monētō monētōte monentō
passive present monēre monēminī
future monētor monētor monentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives monēre monuisse monitūrum esse monērī, monērier1 monitum esse monitum īrī
participles monēns monitūrus monitus monendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
monendī monendō monendum monendō monitum monitū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.

Derived terms[edit]


  • English: monish, monitor
  • German: monieren
  • Portuguese: monir
  • Spanish: muñir


  • moneo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • moneo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • moneo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette