From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Proto-Italic *moneō, from earlier *monejō, from Proto-Indo-European *moné-ye-ti, causative from the root *men- (to think).



moneō (present infinitive monēre, perfect active monuī, supine monitum); second conjugation

  1. to warn, to advise
    Synonyms: admoneō, condicō, praemoneō, praecipiō, praedīcō
  2. to remind
    Synonyms: memorō, admoneō, retineō, referō, meminī, redūcō
    Antonyms: oblīvīscor, oblitterō
  3. to exhort, advise, recommend
    Synonyms: suādeō, commendō, admoneō, dēlīberō, conciliō, suggerō, cēnseō, praedicō
  4. to punish, chastise, castigate
    Synonyms: castīgō, mulctō, multō, pūniō, expiō, obiūrgō, animadvertō, ulcīscor, plēctō, exsequor
  5. to predict, foretell
    Synonyms: vāticinor, praesāgiō, praemoneō, portendō, canō, praedīcō


   Conjugation of moneō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present moneō monēs monet monēmus monētis monent
imperfect monēbam monēbās monēbat monēbāmus monēbātis monēbant
future monēbō monēbis monēbit monēbimus monēbitis monēbunt
perfect monuī monuistī monuit monuimus monuistis monuērunt,
pluperfect monueram monuerās monuerat monuerāmus monuerātis monuerant
future perfect monuerō monueris monuerit monuerimus monueritis monuerint
sigmatic future1 monerō moneris monerit monerimus moneritis monerint
passive present moneor monēris,
monētur monēmur monēminī monentur
imperfect monēbar monēbāris,
monēbātur monēbāmur monēbāminī monēbantur
future monēbor monēberis,
monēbitur monēbimur monēbiminī monēbuntur
perfect monitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect monitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect monitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present moneam moneās moneat moneāmus moneātis moneant
imperfect monērem monērēs monēret monērēmus monērētis monērent
perfect monuerim monuerīs monuerit monuerīmus monuerītis monuerint
pluperfect monuissem monuissēs monuisset monuissēmus monuissētis monuissent
sigmatic aorist1 monerim monerīs monerīt monerīmus monerītis monerint
passive present monear moneāris,
moneātur moneāmur moneāminī moneantur
imperfect monērer monērēris,
monērētur monērēmur monērēminī monērentur
perfect monitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect monitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present monē monēte
future monētō monētō monētōte monentō
passive present monēre monēminī
future monētor monētor monentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives monēre monuisse monitūrum esse monērī,
monitum esse monitum īrī
participles monēns monitūrus monitus monendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
monendī monendō monendum monendō monitum monitū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to").
2The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested.

Derived terms[edit]


  • English: monish, monitor
  • German: monieren
  • Portuguese: monir
  • Spanish: muñir


  • moneo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • moneo in Dizionario Latino, Olivetti
  • moneo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • moneo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.