monstrum

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See also: Monstrum

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *monestrom. Equivalent to moneō (advise, warn) +‎ -trum (suffix forming instrument nouns).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈmon.strum/, [ˈmõːs̠(t̪)ɾʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈmon.strum/, [ˈmɔnst̪rum]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

mōnstrum n (genitive mōnstrī); second declension

  1. a divine omen indicating misfortune, an evil omen, portent
  2. (metonymically) a monster, monstrosity, whether in size or character
  3. (figuratively) a thing that evokes fear and wonder

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mōnstrum mōnstra
Genitive mōnstrī mōnstrōrum
Dative mōnstrō mōnstrīs
Accusative mōnstrum mōnstra
Ablative mōnstrō mōnstrīs
Vocative mōnstrum mōnstra

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • monstrum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • monstrum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • monstrum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • monstrum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) extravagant fictions of fancy: opinionum commenta, ineptiae, monstra, portenta
    • (ambiguous) marvellous ideas; prodigies: monstra or portenta
    • (ambiguous) it is incredible: monstra dicis, narras

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mōnstrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

monstrum n

  1. monster (terrifying and dangerous creature)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • monstrum in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • monstrum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mǒŋstrum/
  • Hyphenation: mon‧strum

Noun[edit]

mònstrum m (Cyrillic spelling мо̀нструм)

  1. monster

Declension[edit]