expio

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: expió and expío

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ex- (out of, from) +‎ piō (appease; expiate; avenge).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

expiō (present infinitive expiāre, perfect active expiāvī, supine expiātum); first conjugation

  1. I make amends or atonement for a crime or a criminal; atone for, expiate, purge by sacrifice; repair, appease.
  2. I punish, avenge.
  3. (of an omen or sign) I avert.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of expio (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expiō expiās expiat expiāmus expiātis expiant
imperfect expiābam expiābās expiābat expiābāmus expiābātis expiābant
future expiābō expiābis expiābit expiābimus expiābitis expiābunt
perfect expiāvī expiāvistī expiāvit expiāvimus expiāvistis expiāvērunt, expiāvēre
pluperfect expiāveram expiāverās expiāverat expiāverāmus expiāverātis expiāverant
future perfect expiāverō expiāveris expiāverit expiāverimus expiāveritis expiāverint
passive present expior expiāris, expiāre expiātur expiāmur expiāminī expiantur
imperfect expiābar expiābāris, expiābāre expiābātur expiābāmur expiābāminī expiābantur
future expiābor expiāberis, expiābere expiābitur expiābimur expiābiminī expiābuntur
perfect expiātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect expiātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect expiātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expiem expiēs expiet expiēmus expiētis expient
imperfect expiārem expiārēs expiāret expiārēmus expiārētis expiārent
perfect expiāverim expiāverīs expiāverit expiāverīmus expiāverītis expiāverint
pluperfect expiāvissem expiāvissēs expiāvisset expiāvissēmus expiāvissētis expiāvissent
passive present expier expiēris, expiēre expiētur expiēmur expiēminī expientur
imperfect expiārer expiārēris, expiārēre expiārētur expiārēmur expiārēminī expiārentur
perfect expiātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect expiātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expiā expiāte
future expiātō expiātō expiātōte expiantō
passive present expiāre expiāminī
future expiātor expiātor expiantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives expiāre expiāvisse expiātūrus esse expiārī expiātus esse expiātum īrī
participles expiāns expiātūrus expiātus expiandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
expiāre expiandī expiandō expiandum expiātum expiātū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • expio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • expio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • expio” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to expiate a crime by punishment: scelus supplicio expiare
    • to appease the manes, make sacrifice for departed souls: manes expiare (Pis. 7. 16)