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Borrowed from Old French sacrifice, from Latin sacrificium (“sacrifice”), from sacrificō (“make or offer a sacrifice”), from sacer (“sacred, holy”) + faciō (“do, make”). Displaced Old English ansegdniss.
- (transitive, intransitive) To offer (something) as a gift to a deity.
- (transitive) To give away (something valuable) to get at least a possibility of gaining something else of value (such as self-respect, trust, love, freedom, prosperity), or to avoid an even greater loss.
- “Don’t you break my heart / ’Cause I sacrifice to make you happy.” - From the song “Baby Don’t You Do It” by Marvin Gaye
- “God sacrificed His only begotten Son, so that all people might have eternal life.” (a paraphrase of John 3:16).
- Condemned to sacrifice his childish years / To babbling ignorance, and to empty fears.
- G. Eliot
- The Baronet had sacrificed a large sum […] for the sake of […] making this boy his heir.
- (transitive) To trade (a value of higher worth) for something of lesser worth in order to gain something else valued more, such as an ally or business relationship, or to avoid an even greater loss; to sell without profit to gain something other than money.
- Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged
- If you exchange a penny for a dollar, it is not a sacrifice; if you exchange a dollar for a penny, it is.
- Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged
- (transitive, chess) To intentionally give up (a piece) in order to improve one’s position on the board.
- (transitive, baseball) To advance (a runner on base) by batting the ball so it can be caught or fielded, placing the batter out, but with insufficient time to put the runner out.
- (dated, tradesmen's slang) To sell at a price less than the cost or actual value.
- To destroy; to kill.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
to offer as a gift to a deity
to give away something valuable in order to gain something else of value
to sell without profit
chess: to give up a piece to improve position
baseball: to advance another player by placing oneself out
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- The offering of anything to a god; a consecratory rite.
- Great pomp, and sacrifice, and praises loud, / To Dagon.
- The destruction or surrender of anything for the sake of something else; the devotion of something desirable to something higher, or to a calling deemed more pressing.
- the sacrifice of one's spare time in order to volunteer
- Something sacrificed.
- Moloch, horrid king, besmeared with blood / Of human sacrifice.
- (baseball) A play in which the batter is intentionally out so that one or more runners can advance around the bases.
- A loss of profit.
- (slang, dated) A sale at a price less than the cost or the actual value.
something offered to a god
baseball: play in which batter is out to help runner(s) advance
sacrifice m (plural sacrifices)
- “sacrifice” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).