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From Middle English avauncen, avancen, from Old French avancer, avancier (French: avancer), from Vulgar Latin *abantiāre, from Late Latin abante, from ab + ante (before). The spelling with d was a mistake, a- being supposed to be from Latin ad. Avaunt is an earlier form of the same source-word.


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advance (third-person singular simple present advances, present participle advancing, simple past and past participle advanced)

  1. To bring forward; to move towards the front; to make to go on.
  2. (obsolete) To raise; to elevate.
    They [] advanced their eyelids. — Shakespeare
  3. To raise to a higher rank; to promote.
    • Bible, Esther iii. 1
      Ahasueres [] advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes.
    • Prescott
      This, however, was in time evaded by the monarchs, who advanced certain of their own retainers to a level with the ancient peers of the land []
  4. To accelerate the growth or progress of; to further; to forward; to help on; to aid; to heighten.
    to advance the ripening of fruit
    to advance one's interests
  5. To bring to view or notice; to offer or propose; to show.
    to advance an argument
    • Alexander Pope
      Some ne'er advance a judgment of their own.
  6. To make earlier, as an event or date; to hasten.
  7. To furnish, as money or other value, before it becomes due, or in aid of an enterprise; to supply beforehand.
    Merchants often advance money on a contract or on goods consigned to them.
  8. To raise to a higher point; to enhance; to raise in rate.
    to advance the price of goods
  9. (intransitive) To move forwards, to approach.
    He rose from his chair and advanced to greet me.
  10. (obsolete) To extol; to laud.
    • Spenser
      greatly advancing his gay chivalry


Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


advance (plural advances)

  1. A forward move; improvement or progression.
    an advance in health or knowledge
    an advance in rank or office
  2. An amount of money or credit, especially given as a loan, or paid before it is due; an advancement.
    • Jay
      I shall, with pleasure, make the necessary advances.
    • Kent
      The account was made up with intent to show what advances had been made.
  3. An addition to the price; rise in price or value.
    an advance on the prime cost of goods
  4. (in the plural) An opening approach or overture, especially of an unwelcome or sexual nature.
    • Jonathan Swift
      [He] made the like advances to the dissenters.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot, chapter 4:
      As the sun fell, so did our spirits. I had tried to make advances to the girl again; but she would have none of me, and so I was not only thirsty but otherwise sad and downhearted.



advance (comparative more advance, superlative most advance)

  1. Completed before need or a milestone event.
    He made an advance payment on the prior shipment to show good faith.
  2. Preceding.
    The advance man came a month before the candidate.
  3. Forward.
    The scouts found a site for an advance base.

Derived terms[edit]