From Middle English proposen, from Anglo-Norman proposer (verb), propos (noun), Middle French proposer (verb) , propos (noun), from Latin prōpōnō, prōpōnere, with conjugation altered based on poser. Doublet of propound.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pɹəˈpəʊz/
- (General American) IPA(key): /pɹəˈpoʊz/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊz
- (transitive) To suggest a plan, course of action, etc.
- Synonyms: put forth, suggest, (rare) forthput
- I propose going to see a film.
- to propose an alliance
- to propose a question for discussion
- (intransitive, sometimes followed by to) To ask for a person's hand in marriage.
- He proposed to her last night and she accepted him.
- (transitive) To intend.
- He proposes to set up his own business.
- (obsolete) To talk; to converse.
- 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene i]:
- HERO. Good Margaret, run thee to the parlour;
There shalt thou find my cousin Beatrice
Proposing with the prince and Claudio
- (obsolete) To set forth.
- [1611?], Homer, “Book XI”, in Geo[rge] Chapman, transl., The Iliads of Homer Prince of Poets. […], London: […] Nathaniell Butter, →OCLC; The Iliads of Homer, Prince of Poets, […], new edition, volume I, London: Charles Knight and Co., […], 1843, →OCLC:
- […] so weighty was the cup,
That being propos'd brimful of wine, one scarce could lift it up.
- In use 1, this is sometimes a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing).
- In use 3, this is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive.
- For more information, see Appendix:English catenative verbs
- Compared to to suggest, to propose is more deliberate and definite. To suggest is merely to mention, while to propose is to have a definite plan and intention.
propose (plural proposes)
- inflection of :
- third-person past historic of