fri

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Fri, frí, frî, and -fri

Bislama[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English free.

Adjective[edit]

fri

  1. free; independent

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Cornish frig (nostril); perhaps related to Proto-Celtic *srognā (compare Welsh ffroen (nostril), Old Irish srón (nose)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fri m (plural frioù)

  1. (anatomy) nose

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /friː/, [fʁiːˀ]
  • (Hardsysselsk) IPA(key): [fʁitʃː]
  • Rhymes: -i
  • Rhymes: -iː

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrīen (to marry), from Old Saxon friohon.

Verb[edit]

fri (imperative fri, present frier or frir, past friede, past participle friet)

  1. to propose (to ask for one's hand in marriage)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrī.

Adjective[edit]

fri (neuter frit, plural and definite singular attributive frie, comparative friere, superlative (predicative) friest, superlative (attributive) frieste)

  1. free
  2. vacant, unoccupied
  3. available
Derived terms[edit]
  • ufri (constrained, inhibited, not free)

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrīen (to free), from the adjective vri (free).

Verb[edit]

fri (imperative fri, present frier or frir, past friede, past participle friet)

  1. to free (to make free)

References[edit]


Irish[edit]

Preposition[edit]

fri (plus dative, triggers h-prothesis)

  1. Obsolete form of fré.

Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fri, from Proto-Celtic *writ- (compare Welsh wrth, prefix gwrth-), from the zero grade of Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to turn) (compare Latin versus (against)).

Preposition[edit]

fri (takes accusative)

  1. towards, to
    • c. 1000, The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig, section 1, published in Irische Teste, vol. 1 (1880), edited by Ernst Windisch:
      Ro·ferad failte friu uile, ocus ructha chuci-sium isin mbruidin.
      They were all made welcome and brought to him in the hall.
      (literally, “A welcome was provided to them all…”)

Inflection[edit]

  • Third-person plural accusative: friu

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: fré
  • Manx: rish
  • Scottish Gaelic: ri

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrī. Cognates include Danish fri, Swedish fri, German frei, Dutch vrei, English free, and Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 (freis)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fri (neuter singular fritt, definite singular and plural frie, comparative friere, indefinite superlative friest, definite superlative frieste)

  1. free, not imprisoned or enslaved
    en fri manna free man
  2. free, not blocked
    fri ferdselfree traffic
  3. free, no payment necessary
    fri inngangfree admission

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German vrī.[1] Akin to English free.

Adjective[edit]

fri (neuter singular fritt, definite singular and plural frie, comparative friare, indefinite superlative friast, definite superlative friaste)

  1. free, not imprisoned or enslaved
    ein fri manna free man
  2. free, not blocked
    fri ferdselfree traffic
  3. free, no payment necessary
    fri inngangfree admission
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German vrien and Old Norse frjá (to love).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

fri (present tense frir, past tense fridde, past participle fridd/fritt, passive infinitive friast, present participle friande, imperative fri)

  1. to propose (marriage)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse fría, from fri (Etymology 1).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

fri (present tense frir, past tense fridde, past participle fridd/fritt, passive infinitive friast, present participle friande, imperative fri)

  1. to free

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 “fri” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Anagrams[edit]


Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *frī.

Adjective[edit]

frī

  1. free, unbound

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • frī”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *frī

Adjective[edit]

fri

  1. free

Descendants[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *frī.

Adjective[edit]

frī

  1. free

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *writ- (compare Welsh wrth, prefix gwrth-), from the zero grade of Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to turn) (compare Latin versus (against)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

fri (takes accusative)

  1. towards, to
  2. against
  3. with

For quotations using this term, see Citations:fri.

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *frī.

Adjective[edit]

frī (comparative frīoro, superlative frīost)

  1. free
Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *frijō.

Noun[edit]

frī f

  1. woman

References[edit]

  • Joseph Wright, An Old English Grammar (Oxford 1908)

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English fram

Preposition[edit]

fri

  1. (South Scots) from

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German vri, from Old Saxon frī.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /friː/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iː

Adjective[edit]

fri

  1. free, unconstrained
  2. free, not imprisoned, released
    fri mot borgenreleased on bail
  3. free, without obligations
    Du är fri att göra som du vill.
    You are free to do as you please.
  4. free of charge, gratis

Declension[edit]

Inflection of fri
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular fri friare friast
Neuter singular fritt friare friast
Plural fria friare friast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 frie friare friaste
All fria friare friaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fri

  1. Soft mutation of bri.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bri fri mri unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.