Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wert-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*wert- (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to turn, to rotate

Derived terms[edit]


  • *wért-ti ~ *wr̥t-énti (athematic root present)
  • *wert-ye- (ye-present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *we-wórt-e ~ *we-wr̥t-ḗr (stative)
  • *wort-éye-ti (causative)
  • *wért-tis
    • Germanic: *wurstiz (sausage) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wr̥t-is
    • Germanic: *wurdiz (fate) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wért-mn̥
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *vertenò (spindle) (see there for further descendants)
      • Slavic: *vorta (gate) (see there for further descendants)
      • Slavic: *vьrsta (row, line, age, kind) (see there for further descendants)
      • Slavic: *vьrtě̀ti (to turn) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *werþaz, *wardaz (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill