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See also: Freo

Old English[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *frijaz, from Proto-Indo-European *prijos, *prei-, *prēy- ‎(like, love). Germanic cognates include Old Frisian frī (West Frisian frij), Old Saxon frī, Dutch vrij, Old High German frī (German frei), Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 ‎(freis). The Indo-European root is also the source of Albanian 'Prenda' goddess of love, Perëndi ‎(God), Proto-Slavic *prijateljь (Old Church Slavonic приꙗтєль ‎(prijatelĭ), Russian прия́тель ‎(prijátelʹ, friend)), Old Irish ríar (Welsh rhydd ‎(free)), and perhaps Ancient Greek πρᾶος ‎(prâos, mild, gentle).



  1. free, at liberty; exempt
  2. (poetic) noble, glad
    • c. 700 Cædmon, Metrical Paraphrase
      Ða wearþ worn afeded freora bearna
      then a number of noble children were brought forth.
Weak Strong
case singular plural case singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative frēwa frēwe frēwe frēwan nom. frēo frēo frēu frēwe frēu, -frēwe frēwa, -e
accusative frēwan frēwe frēwan acc. frēone frēo frēwe frēwe frēu, -frēwe frēwa, -frēwe
genitive frēwan frēora, frēwena gen. frēwes frēwes frēore frēora
dative frēwan frēwum dat. frēwum frēwum frēore frēwum
instrumental frēwe
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *frawjǭ, a feminine form of *frawjô ‎(lord) (Old English frēa), from Proto-Indo-European *prōw- ‎(master, judge). Cognate with Old Saxon frūa, Old High German frouwa (German Frau), Old Norse freyja. The Indo-European root is also the source of Proto-Slavic *prāvъ (Old Church Slavonic правъ ‎(pravŭ), Russian правый ‎(pravyj, right)), and the first element of Latin provincia.


frēo f

  1. a woman
    • c. 700 Cædmon, Metrical Paraphrase
      Oþ-ðæt he funde freo fægroste
      until he found the fairest woman.
Related terms[edit]