glad

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Glad, gläd, glað, and glåd

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English glad, gled, from Old English glæd (shining; bright; cheerful; glad), from Proto-Germanic *gladaz (shiny; gleaming; radiant; happy; glossy; smooth; flat), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰladʰ-, from *gʰel- (to shine).

Cognate with Scots gled, glaid (shining; bright; glad), Saterland Frisian glääd (smooth; sleek), West Frisian glêd (smooth), Dutch glad (smooth; sleek; slippery), German glatt (smooth; sleek; slippery), Danish, Norwegian and Swedish glad (glad; happy; cheerful), Icelandic glaður (glad; joyful; cheery), Latin glaber (smooth; hairless; bald). Doublet of glatt.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡlæd/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective[edit]

glad (comparative gladder or more glad, superlative gladdest or most glad)

  1. Pleased, happy, gratified.
    I'm glad the rain has finally stopped.
  2. (obsolete) Having a bright or cheerful appearance; expressing or exciting joy; producing gladness.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

glad (third-person singular simple present glads, present participle gladding, simple past and past participle gladded)

  1. (archaic, transitive) To make glad
    Synonyms: cheer up, gladden, exhilarate

Breton[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Breton gloat (kingdom, wealth), from Proto-Brythonic *gwlad, from Proto-Celtic *wlatis (sovereignty), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wélh₁tis ~ *h₂wl̥h₁téy-, from the root *h₂welh₁-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

glad f (plural gladoù)

  1. arable land
  2. patrimony, estate
  3. (archaic) territory, country
  4. (archaic) feudal domain

Inflection[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse glaðr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

glad (neuter glad, plural and definite singular attributive glade, comparative gladere, superlative (predicative) gladest, superlative (attributive) gladeste)

  1. happy, glad

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch glat, from Old Dutch *glad, from Proto-Germanic *gladaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

glad (comparative gladder, superlative gladst)

  1. smooth, polished
  2. slippery

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of glad
uninflected glad
inflected gladde
comparative gladder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial glad gladder het gladst
het gladste
indefinite m./f. sing. gladde gladdere gladste
n. sing. glad gladder gladste
plural gladde gladdere gladste
definite gladde gladdere gladste
partitive glads gladders

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

glad

  1. completely, entirely (mostly along with verbs and adjective with a negative meaning)

Usage notes[edit]

The usage as an adverb is highly restricted to verbs such as vergeten (to forget) and bederven (to spoil, to rot) and adjectives such as mis (wrong, incorrect) and verkeerd (wrong, incorrect).


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse glaðr

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡɽɑː/, /ɡlɑː/

Adjective[edit]

glad (neuter singular glad, definite singular and plural glade, comparative gladere, indefinite superlative gladest, definite superlative gladeste)

  1. happy, glad

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse glaðr. Akin to English glad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

glad (neuter singular glad, definite singular and plural glade, comparative gladare, indefinite superlative gladast, definite superlative gladaste)

  1. happy, glad

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gladaz

Adjective[edit]

glad

  1. glad

Declension[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *goldъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

glȃd f (Cyrillic spelling гла̑д)

  1. hunger
    ko radi, ne boji se gladi

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish glaþer, from Old Norse glaðr, from Proto-Germanic *gladaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰladʰ-, derivation of Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- (to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

glad (comparative gladare, superlative gladast)

  1. happy, glad

Declension[edit]

Inflection of glad
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular glad gladare gladast
Neuter singular glatt gladare gladast
Plural glada gladare gladast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 glade gladare gladaste
All glada gladare gladaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Anagrams[edit]