glad

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See also: gläd and glað

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English glad, gled, from Old English glæd ‎(shining; bright; cheerful; glad), from Proto-Germanic *gladaz ‎(shiny; gleaming; radiant; happy; glossy; smooth; flat), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰladʰ-, from *gʰel- ‎(to shine).

Cognate with Scots gled, glaid ‎(shining; bright; glad), Saterland Frisian glääd ‎(smooth; sleek), West Frisian glêd ‎(smooth), Dutch glad ‎(smooth; sleek; slippery), German glatt ‎(smooth; sleek; slippery), Danish glad ‎(glad; joyful; cheerful), Swedish glad ‎(glad; happy; cheerful), Icelandic glaður ‎(glad; joyful; cheery), Latin glaber ‎(smooth; hairless; bald).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

glad ‎(comparative gladder or more glad, superlative gladdest or most glad)

  1. Pleased, happy, gratified.
    I'm glad the rain has finally stopped.
    • Bible, Proverbs x.1:
      A wise son maketh a glad father.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616)
      Glad am I that your highness is so armed.
    • 1909, Archibald Marshall, The Squire's Daughter, chapterII:
      "I was dragged up at the workhouse school till I was twelve. Then I ran away and sold papers in the streets, and anything else that I could pick up a few coppers by—except steal. I never did that. I always made up my mind I'd be a big man some day, and—I'm glad I didn't steal."
  2. (obsolete) Having a bright or cheerful appearance; expressing or exciting joy; producing gladness.
    • Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586)
      Her conversation / More glad to me than to a miser money is.
    • John Milton (1608-1674)
      Glad evening and glad morn crowned the fourth day.

Usage notes[edit]

The comparative "gladder" and superlative "gladdest" are not incorrect but may be unfamiliar enough to be taken as such. In both American and British English, the forms "more" and "most glad" are equally common in print and more common in daily speech.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

glad ‎(third-person singular simple present glads, present participle gladding, simple past and past participle gladded)

  1. (transitive) To make glad; to cheer; to gladden; to exhilarate.
    • Dryden
      that which gladded all the warrior train
    • Alexander Pope
      Each drinks the juice that glads the heart of man.
    • 1922, A. E. Housman, Epithalamium, line 3
      God that glads the lover's heart

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923: horse · send · peace · #569: glad · hair · ran · important

Breton[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Breton gloat ‎(kingdom, wealth), from Proto-Celtic *wlati- ‎(sovereignty) (compare Cornish gwlas, Welsh gwlad, Old Irish flaith ‎(rule)), from pre-Celtic *wl̥H-ti-, deverbative of Proto-Indo-European *welH- (compare English wield, Lithuanian véldėti, Latin valeo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

glad f ‎(plural gladoù)

  1. arable land
  2. patrimony, estate
  3. (archaic) territory, country
  4. (archaic) feudal domain

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse glaðr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡlad/, [ɡ̊lað]

Adjective[edit]

glad ‎(neuter glad, e-form glade, comparative gladere, superlative (predicative) gladest, superlative (attributive) gladeste)

  1. happy, glad

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch glat, from Old Dutch *glad, from Proto-Germanic *gladaz.

Adjective[edit]

glad ‎(comparative gladder, superlative gladst)

  1. smooth, polished
  2. slippery

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of glad
uninflected glad
inflected gladde
comparative gladder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial glad gladder het gladst
het gladste
indefinite m./f. sing. gladde gladdere gladste
n. sing. glad gladder gladste
plural gladde gladdere gladste
definite gladde gladdere gladste
partitive glads gladders

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse glaðr

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

glad ‎(neuter singular glad, definite singular and plural glade, comparative gladere, indefinite superlative gladest, definite superlative gladeste)

  1. happy, glad

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse glaðr

Adjective[edit]

glad ‎(neuter singular glad, definite singular and plural glade, comparative gladare, indefinite superlative gladast, definite superlative gladaste)

  1. happy, glad

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gladaz

Adjective[edit]

glad

  1. glad

Declension[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *goldъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

glȃd f ‎(Cyrillic spelling гла̑д)

  1. hunger

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish glaþer, from Old Norse glaðr, from Proto-Germanic *gladaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰladʰ-, derivation of Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- ‎(to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

glad (comparative gladare, superlative gladast)

  1. happy, glad

Declension[edit]

Inflection of glad
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular glad gladare gladast
Neuter singular glatt gladare gladast
Plural glada gladare gladast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 glade gladare gladaste
All glada gladare gladaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.