glass

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English glas, from Old English glæs, from Proto-Germanic *glasą, possibly related to Proto-Germanic *glōaną (to shine) (compare glow), and ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵʰel- (to shine, shimmer, glow). Cognate with West Frisian glês, Dutch glas, Low German Glas, German Glas, Swedish glas, Icelandic gler.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

a glass (drinking vessel) of milk

glass (countable and uncountable, plural glasses)

  1. (usually uncountable) An amorphous solid, often transparent substance, usually made by melting silica sand with various additives (for most purposes, a mixture of soda, potash and lime is added).
    The tabletop is made of glass.
    A popular myth is that window glass is actually an extremely viscous liquid.
    • 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, in American Scientist:
      The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, essentially what today we might term a frameless magnifying glass or plain glass paperweight.
  2. (countable, uncountable, by extension) Any amorphous solid (one without a regular crystal lattice).
    Metal glasses, unlike those based on silica, are electrically conductive, which can be either an advantage or a disadvantage, depending on the application.
  3. (countable) A vessel from which one drinks, especially one made of glass, plastic, or similar translucent or semi-translucent material.
    Fill my glass with milk, please.
  4. (metonymically) The quantity of liquid contained in such a vessel.
    There is half a glass of milk in each pound of chocolate we produce.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Celebrity:
      Here was my chance. I took the old man aside, and two or three glasses of Old Crow launched him into reminiscence.
    • 1892, Walter Besant, chapter III, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], OCLC 16832619:
      At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors. [] In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
  5. (uncountable) Glassware.
    We collected art glass.
  6. A mirror.
    • 1599, Thomas Dekker, Old Fortunatus, Act III, Scene 1, J.M. Dent & Co., 1904, p. 67,[1]
      [] for what lady can abide to love a spruce silken-face courtier, that stands every morning two or three hours learning how to look by his glass, how to speak by his glass, how to sigh by his glass, how to court his mistress by his glass? I would wish him no other plague, but to have a mistress as brittle as glass.
    • 1907, Barbara Baynton, Sally Krimmer; Alan Lawson, editors, Human Toll (Portable Australian Authors: Barbara Baynton), St Lucia: University of Queensland Press, published 1980, page 216:
      As of old, he took down his portable glass hanging on a nail, and carefully wiping it, replaced it in its case.
    She adjusted her lipstick in the glass.
  7. A magnifying glass or telescope.
    • 1912, The Encyclopædia of Sport & Games
      Haviers, or stags which have been gelded when young, have no horns, as is well known, and in the early part of the stalking season, when seen through a glass, might be mistaken for hummels []
  8. (sports) A barrier made of solid, transparent material.
    1. (basketball, colloquial) The backboard.
      He caught the rebound off the glass.
    2. (ice hockey) The clear, protective screen surrounding a hockey rink.
      He fired the outlet pass off the glass.
  9. A barometer.
    • 1938, Louis MacNeice, “Bagpipe Music”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      The glass is falling hour by hour, the glass will fall forever / But if you break the bloody glass you won’t hold up the weather.
  10. (attributive, in names of species) Transparent or translucent.
    glass frog;  glass shrimp;  glass worm
  11. (obsolete) An hourglass.
    • c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals, and the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
      Were my Wiues Liuer / Infected (as her life) ſhe would not liue / The running of one Glaſſe.
  12. (uncountable, photography, informal) Lenses, considered collectively.
    Her new camera was incompatible with her old one, so she needed to buy new glass.

Hyponyms[edit]

(material):

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gulf Arabic: قلاص(gḷāṣ)
  • Fiji Hindi: gilaas
  • Indonesian: gelas
  • Japanese: グラス (gurasu)
  • Kikuyu: ngirathi
  • Malay: gelas, ݢلس

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

glass (third-person singular simple present glasses, present participle glassing, simple past and past participle glassed)

  1. (transitive) To fit with glass; to glaze.
  2. (transitive) To enclose in glass.
  3. (transitive) Clipping of fibreglass.. To fit, cover, fill, or build, with fibreglass-reinforced resin composite (fiberglass).
  4. (transitive, Britain, colloquial) To strike (someone), particularly in the face, with a drinking glass with the intent of causing injury.
    • 1987, John Godber, Bouncers page 19:
      JUDD. Any trouble last night?
      LES. Usual. Couple of punks got glassed.
    • 2002, Geoff Doherty, A Promoter's Tale page 72:
      I often mused on what the politicians or authorities would say if they could see for themselves the horrendous consequences of someone who’d been glassed, or viciously assaulted.
    • 2003, Mark Sturdy, Pulp page 139:
      One night he was in this nightclub in Sheffield and he got glassed by this bloke who’d been just let out of prison that day.
  5. (transitive, science fiction) To bombard an area with such intensity (nuclear bomb, fusion bomb, etc) as to melt the landscape into glass.
    • 2012, Halo: First Strike, page 190:
      “The Covenant don’t ‘miss’ anything when they glass a planet,” the Master Chief replied.
  6. (transitive) To view through an optical instrument such as binoculars.
    • 2000, Ben D. Mahaffey, 50 Years of Hunting and Fishing, page 95:
      Andy took his binoculars and glassed the area below.
  7. (transitive) To smooth or polish (leather, etc.), by rubbing it with a glass burnisher.
  8. (archaic, reflexive) To reflect; to mirror.
  9. (transitive) To make glassy.
    • 2018, Harry Leon Wilson, Ruggles of Red Gap, →ISBN, page 199:
      Not only were his eyes averted from mine, but they were glassed to an uncanny degree.
  10. (intransitive) To become glassy.
    • 2012, Keith Duggan, Cliffs Of Insanity: A Winter On Ireland's Big Waves (page 32)
      Bourez had timed it perfectly: a wind that was forecast for the morning began to stir just after his arrival and the sea glassed off for a brief period before the waves grew bigger and bigger.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish glas (blue-grey, green), from Proto-Celtic *glastos.

Adjective[edit]

glass

  1. green (of nature), verdant
    Ta'n londaig hannah jeeaghyn slane glass.The lawn looks quite green already.
    yn faarkey glass tonnagh fointhe green billowy sea under us
    yn awin ghlassthe green river
  2. grey (of animal), ashen (colour)
  3. soft, pale, pasty
  4. raw, unfledged, sappy
  5. callow (of youth)
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Manx · daaghyn (layout · text)
     bane      lheeah      doo
             jiarg; feer-yiarg              jiarg-bwee; dhone              bwee; bane-wuigh
                          geayney, glass             
                          gorrym-ghlass, speyr-ghorrym              gorrym
             plooreenagh              jiarg gorrym              jiarg-bane

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish glas (lock, clasp)

Noun[edit]

glass m (genitive singular glish or gleish, plural glish or gleish)

  1. lock
    Hooar eh y glass er y dorrys roish.He found himself locked out.
    T'eh fo glass.He is behind bars.
    Ta glass er my hengey.My lips are sealed.
    Ta glass y dorrys er y çheu sthie.The door locks on the inside.
    Ta'n ogher shoh gentreil y glass.This key goes in the lock.
    Vrish ad y glass.They forced the lock.

Verb[edit]

glass (verbal noun glassey)

  1. lock up, secure

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
glass ghlass nglass
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

glass

  1. Alternative form of glas

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German glas

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

glass n (definite singular glasset, indefinite plural glass, definite plural glassa or glassene)

  1. glass (a hard and transparent material)
  2. a glass (container for drink made of glass)
    et glass vin - a glass of wine
  3. a small container, such as a jar or bottle

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French glace, from Old French glace, from Vulgar Latin *glacia, reformation (with change of declension) of Latin glacies, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

glass c

  1. an ice cream

Declension[edit]

Declension of glass 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative glass glassen glassar glassarna
Genitive glass glassens glassars glassarnas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]