bane

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See also: Bane, bañe, bañé, and banë

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bane, from Old English bana, from Proto-Germanic *banô (compare Old High German bano (death), Icelandic bani (bane, death)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰon-on-, from the o-grade of *gʷʰen- (to strike, to kill).

Noun[edit]

bane (countable and uncountable, plural banes)

  1. A cause of misery or death.
    Synonyms: affliction, curse
    Antonym: boon
    the bane of one's existence
    • (Can we date this quote by Herbert and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Money, thou bane of bliss, and source of woe.
  2. (dated) Poison, especially any of several poisonous plants.
  3. (obsolete) A killer, murderer, slayer.
  4. (obsolete) Destruction; death.
    • (Can we date this quote by Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The cup of deception spiced and tempered to their bane.
  5. A disease of sheep.
    Synonym: rot
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane (third-person singular simple present banes, present participle baning, simple past and past participle baned)

  1. (transitive) To kill, especially by poison; to be the poison of.
  2. (transitive) To be the bane of.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English ban (northern dialect), from Old English bān.

Noun[edit]

bane (plural banes)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) bone

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old Norse bani

Noun[edit]

bane

  1. bane, person/thing/event that kills someone or something

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane

  1. track
  2. trajectory

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

bane

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of banen

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bane

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばね

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane

  1. vocative singular of banus

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bán, from Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

Adjective[edit]

bane (plural baney, comparative baney)

  1. white, blank, pallid
    Er cabbyl bane va mee.My mount was a white horse.
    Haink daah bane yn aggle er.He blanched with fear.
  2. fair, blonde
    Shen Illiam Bane.That's fair-haired William.
  3. fallow
    Faag y magher bane.Leave the field lea.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bane vane mane
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch *bana, from Proto-Germanic *banō.

Noun[edit]

bāne f

  1. open field, battlefield
  2. lane, track (for playing balls)
  3. road, way, path
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]
  • Dutch: baan

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Dutch *bano, from Proto-Germanic *banô.

Noun[edit]

bāne f or m

  1. harm, pain
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English bana, in turn from Proto-Germanic *banô.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane (plural banes)

  1. murderer, slayer
  2. bane, destroyer
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English bān.

Noun[edit]

bane (plural banes)

  1. Alternative form of bon

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German Bahn

Noun[edit]

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural baner, definite plural banene)

  1. a trajectory
  2. a railway line
  3. a sports field
  4. a racing track
  5. orbit (of a satellite, including the moon)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bani

Noun[edit]

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural baner, definite plural banene)

  1. death (by murder)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German bahnen.

Verb[edit]

bane (imperative ban, present tense baner, passive banes, simple past bana or banet or bante, past participle bana or banet or bant, present participle banende)

  1. to pave, as in
    bane vei for - pave the way for

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German Bahn

Noun[edit]

bane m or f (definite singular banen or bana, indefinite plural banar or baner, definite plural banane or banene)

  1. a trajectory
  2. a railway line
  3. a sports field
  4. a racing track
  5. orbit (of a satellite, including the moon)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bani

Noun[edit]

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural banar, definite plural banane)

  1. death (by murder)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Low German bane

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane (present tense banar, past tense bana, past participle bana, passive infinitive banast, present participle banande, imperative ban/bane)

  1. to pave, as in
    bane veg for - pave the way for

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane

  1. third-person singular present indicative of banir
  2. second-person singular imperative of banir

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English bān, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ben]
  • (Mid Northern Scots) IPA(key): [bin], [bein]

Noun[edit]

bane (plural banes)

  1. (anatomy) bone, limb

Derived terms[edit]


Yola[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane

  1. bone

References[edit]

  • J. Poole W. Barnes, A Glossary, with Some Pieces of Verse, of the Old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy (1867)