bane

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See also: Bane, bañe, bañé, and banë

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /beɪn/
    • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bane
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bane, from Old English bana, from Proto-Germanic *banô (compare Old High German bano (death), Icelandic bani (bane, death)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰon-on-, from the o-grade of *gʷʰen- (to strike, to kill).

Noun[edit]

bane (countable and uncountable, plural banes)

  1. A cause of misery or death.
    Synonyms: affliction, curse
    Antonym: boon
    the bane of one's existence
    • [1633], George Herbert, [Nicholas Ferrar], editor, The Temple: Sacred Poems, and Private Ejaculations, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: [] Thomas Buck and Roger Daniel; and are to be sold by Francis Green, [], OCLC 1048966979; reprinted London: Elliot Stock, [], 1885, OCLC 54151361:
      Money, thou bane of bliss, and source of woe.
    • 1961 September, B. Perren, “The Tilbury Line serves industrial North Thameside”, in Modern Railways, page 556:
      At Barking, previously the bane of L.T.S. operating staff, the new works have now simplified the working of traffic from four converging routes in the area.
  2. (dated) Poison, especially any of several poisonous plants.
  3. (obsolete) A killer, murderer, slayer.
  4. (obsolete) Destruction; death.
  5. A disease of sheep.
    Synonym: rot
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane (third-person singular simple present banes, present participle baning, simple past and past participle baned)

  1. (transitive) To kill, especially by poison; to be the poison of.
  2. (transitive) To be the bane of.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English ban (northern dialect), from Old English bān.

Noun[edit]

bane (plural banes)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) bone
    • 1686, "Lyke-Wake Dirge" as printed in The Oxford Book of English Verse (1900) p. 361:
      The fire will burn thee to the bare bane.

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old Norse bani

Noun[edit]

bane

  1. bane, person/thing/event that kills someone or something

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane

  1. track
  2. trajectory

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of banen

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bane

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばね

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane

  1. vocative singular of banus

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bán, from Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

Adjective[edit]

bane (plural baney, comparative baney)

  1. white, blank, pallid
    Er cabbyl bane va mee.My mount was a white horse.
    Haink daah bane yn aggle er.He blanched with fear.
  2. fair, blonde
    Shen Illiam Bane.That's fair-haired William.
  3. fallow
    Faag y magher bane.Leave the field lea.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bane vane mane
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Manx · daaghyn (layout · text)
     bane      lheeah      doo
             jiarg; feer-yiarg              jiarg-bwee; dhone              bwee; bane-wuigh
                          geayney, glass             
                          gorrym-ghlass, speyr-ghorrym              gorrym
             plooreenagh              jiarg gorrym              jiarg-bane

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch *bana, from Proto-Germanic *banō.

Noun[edit]

bāne f

  1. open field, battlefield
  2. lane, track (for playing balls)
  3. road, way, path
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]
  • Dutch: baan
    • Afrikaans: baan
    • Indonesian: ban
  • Limburgish: baan

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Dutch *bano, from Proto-Germanic *banô.

Noun[edit]

bāne f or m

  1. harm, pain
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English bana, in turn from Proto-Germanic *banô.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane (plural banes)

  1. murderer, slayer
  2. bane, destroyer
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane (plural banes)

  1. Alternative form of bon

Descendants[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German Bahn

Noun[edit]

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural baner, definite plural banene)

  1. a trajectory
  2. a railway line
  3. a sports field
  4. a racing track
  5. orbit (of a satellite, including the moon)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bani

Noun[edit]

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural baner, definite plural banene)

  1. death (by murder)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German bahnen.

Verb[edit]

bane (imperative ban, present tense baner, passive banes, simple past bana or banet or bante, past participle bana or banet or bant, present participle banende)

  1. to pave, as in
    bane vei for - pave the way for

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German Bahn

Noun[edit]

bane m or f (definite singular banen or bana, indefinite plural banar or baner, definite plural banane or banene)

  1. a trajectory
  2. a railway line
  3. a sports field
  4. a racing track
  5. orbit (of a satellite, including the moon)
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bani

Noun[edit]

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural banar, definite plural banane)

  1. death (by murder)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Low German bane

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane (present tense banar, past tense bana, past participle bana, passive infinitive banast, present participle banande, imperative ban)

  1. to pave, as in
    bane veg for - pave the way for

References[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Bāna.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *baunu, from Proto-Germanic *baunō. Cognates include Old English bēan, Old Saxon bōna and Old Dutch *bōna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bāne f

  1. bean

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bremmer, Rolf H., An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2009, →ISBN

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane

  1. third-person singular present indicative of banir
  2. second-person singular imperative of banir

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bane, from Old English bān, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ben]
  • (Mid Northern Scots) IPA(key): [bin], [bein]

Noun[edit]

bane (plural banes)

  1. (anatomy) bone, limb

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

As a simplex noun a borrowing from Old Swedish bani, from Old Norse bani, from Proto-Germanic *banô, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰon-on-, from the o-grade of *gʷʰen- (to strike, to kill). Cognate to English bane, Icelandic bani.

The word can be regarded as a reborrowing from Old Swedish mediaeval literature. It is not attested in writing in the 16th and 17th centuries, but was reinforced due to its usage in the mediaeval Swedish country laws, which were in use until the 18th century. During the 17th century its usage is usually accompanied by a definition explaining the meaning. It was revived in the late 17th century due to the resurging interest in the middle ages and the Icelandic sagas, cf. other Icelandic loans from the same era, e.g. idrott, skald, dyrd. Already in SAOB (1899) it is regarded as archaic or literary and mostly used in a few set phrases.

The word survived in the compound baneman (slayer, murderer), which is attested from the 16th and 17th centuries, and dialectally in the southern Swedish word hönsbane (henbane, Hyoscyamus niger), in standard Swedish bolmört.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bane c (indeclinable)

  1. (archaic) cause of someone’s (violent) death; bane
    1830, Fredrika Bremer, Mary Howitt, transl., Familjen H*** [The H— family]‎[3]:
    Din egen passionerade själ — se där draken, mot vilken du bör strida, vars eld skall förtära dig och bliva andras bane, om den ej kväves.
    […]thy own impassioned soul! Behold the dragon with which thou oughtest to contend—whose fire will consume thee, and be the bane of others, if thou do not subject it.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Yola[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bane, from Old English bān, from Proto-West Germanic *bain, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Noun[edit]

bane

  1. bone

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole, William Barnes, editor, A glossary, with some pieces of verse, of the old dialect of the English colony in the baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, J. Russell Smith, 1867, →ISBN