bane

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root
*gʷʰen-

From Middle English bane, from Old English bana, from Proto-Germanic *banô (compare Old High German bano ‎(death), Icelandic bani ‎(bane, death)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰon-on-, from the o-grade of *gʷʰen- ‎(to strike, to kill).

Noun[edit]

bane ‎(plural banes)

  1. A cause of misery or death; an affliction or curse
    the bane of my existence
    • Herbert
      Money, thou bane of bliss, and source of woe.
  2. (dated) Poison, especially any of several poisonous plants
  3. (obsolete) A killer, murderer, slayer
  4. (obsolete) destruction; death
    • Milton
      The cup of deception spiced and tempered to their bane.
  5. A disease of sheep; the rot.
Antonyms[edit]
  • (affliction or curse): boon
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane ‎(third-person singular simple present banes, present participle baning, simple past and past participle baned)

  1. (transitive) To kill, especially by poison; to be the poison of.
  2. (transitive) To be the bane of.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English [Term?] northern dialect ban, from Old English bān.

Noun[edit]

bane ‎(plural banes)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) bone

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bane

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of banen

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bane

  1. rōmaji reading of ばね

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bán, from Proto-Celtic *bānos ‎(white).

Adjective[edit]

bane ‎(plural baney, comparative baney)

  1. white, blank, pallid
    Er cabbyl bane va mee.‎ ― My mount was a white horse.
    Haink daah bane yn aggle er.‎ ― He blanched with fear.
  2. fair, blonde
    Shen Illiam Bane.‎ ― That's fair-haired William.
  3. fallow
    Faag y magher bane.‎ ― Leave the field lea.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bane vane mane
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • bane” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German Bahn

Noun[edit]

bane m ‎(definite singular banen, indefinite plural baner, definite plural banene)

  1. a trajectory
  2. a railway line
  3. a sports field.
  4. a racing track.
  5. orbit (of a satellite, including the moon)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE root
*gʷʰen-

From Old Norse bani

Noun[edit]

bane m ‎(definite singular banen, indefinite plural baner, definite plural banene)

  1. a death (by murder)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German Bahn

Noun[edit]

bane m, f ‎(definite singular banen or bana, indefinite plural banar or baner, definite plural banane or banene)

  1. a trajectory
  2. a railway line
  3. a sports field.
  4. a racing track.
  5. orbit (of a satellite, including the moon)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE root
*gʷʰen-

From Old Norse bani

Noun[edit]

bane m ‎(definite singular banen, indefinite plural banar, definite plural banane)

  1. a death (by murder)

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English bān, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ben]
  • (Mid Northern Scots) IPA(key): [bin], [bein]

Noun[edit]

bane ‎(plural banes)

  1. (anatomy) bone, limb

Derived terms[edit]