bona

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Bona, bóna, böna, bøna, and -bona

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sabir bona (good), from Italian buono (good),[en 1] from Latin bonus (good), from Old Latin duenos (good), from Proto-Italic *dwenos (good), from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona (comparative more bona, superlative most bona)

  1. (Polari) Good.
    • 1966, Hugh Paddick and Kenneth Williams as Julian and Sandy, Bona Tattoos (Round the Horne), season 2, written by Kenneth Horne:
      SANDY: Oh, get him! The vanity of the man. Well, p'raps not Nelson then. How about reproductions of great masterpieces?
      JULIAN: A bona idea. Now, let me see...
    • 1997, Gardiner, James, Who's a Pretty Boy Then?, page 137:
      Will you take a varder at the cartz on the feely-omi in the naf strides: the one with the bona blue ogles polarying the omi-palone with a vogue on and a cod sheitel.
    • 1997, Lucas, Ian, “The Color of His Eyes: Polari and the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence”, in Anna Livia, Kira Hall, editors, Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality, page 90:
      Bona to vada you.

Synonyms[edit]

  • For semantic relationships of this term, see good in the Thesaurus.

Antonyms[edit]

  • cod (Polari)
  • For semantic relationships of this term, see bad in the Thesaurus.

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bona (comparative more bona, superlative most bona)

  1. (Polari) Well.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baker, Paul (2004) Fantabulosa: A Dictionary of Polari and Gay Slang, Bloomsbury Publishing, ISBN 9780826473431, page 71

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bo

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Common Romance, ultimately from Latin bonus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbo.na/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bo‧na

Adjective[edit]

bona (accusative singular bonan, plural bonaj, accusative plural bonajn)

  1. good
    • 1910, L. L. Zamenhof, "Proverbaro Esperanta":
      Mensoganto devas havi bonan memoron.
      A liar has to have a good memory.

Ido[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona

  1. good

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bono

Ladin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inflection of the adjective bonus (good).

Adjective[edit]

bona

  1. nominative feminine singular of bonus
  2. nominative neuter plural of bonus
  3. accusative neuter plural of bonus
  4. vocative feminine singular of bonus
  5. vocative neuter plural of bonus

bonā

  1. ablative feminine singular of bonus

Etymology 2[edit]

Feminine of the noun bonus (a good man).

Noun[edit]

bona f (genitive bonae); first declension

  1. A good or brave woman.
Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative bona bonae
genitive bonae bonārum
dative bonae bonīs
accusative bonam bonās
ablative bonā bonīs
vocative bona bonae

Etymology 3[edit]

Inflection of the noun bonum (a good thing).

Noun[edit]

bona

  1. nominative plural of bonum
  2. accusative plural of bonum
  3. vocative plural of bonum

References[edit]

  • bona in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “bona”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • bona” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to meet with good weather: tempestatem idoneam, bonam nancisci
    • (ambiguous) to enjoy good health: bona (firma, prospera) valetudine esse or uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)
    • (ambiguous) to reward amply; to give manifold recompense for: bonam (praeclaram) gratiam referre
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to be gifted, talented (not praeditum esse by itself): bona indole (always in sing.) praeditum esse
    • (ambiguous) he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) natural advantages: naturae bona
    • (ambiguous) to recover one's reason, be reasonable again: ad bonam frugem se recipere
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) to possess means, to be well off: rem or opes habere, bona possidere, in bonis esse
    • (ambiguous) to squander all one's property: lacerare bona sua (Verr. 3. 70. 164)
    • (ambiguous) to confiscate a person's property: bona alicuius publicare (B. G. 5. 54)
    • (ambiguous) to restore to a person his confiscated property: bona alicui restituere
    • (ambiguous) allow me to say: bona (cum) venia tua dixerim
  • bona in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bona in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baunō, whence also Old Saxon bōna, Old English bēan, Old Norse baun. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰabʰ-.

Noun[edit]

bōna f

  1. (botany) A bean

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bona

  1. genitive singular of bun

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bona bona
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbona
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Provençal[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baunō, whence also Old English bēan, Old Frisian bāne, Old High German bōna, Old Norse baun. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰabʰ-.

Noun[edit]

bōna f

  1. (botany) A bean

Descendants[edit]


Phuthi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronoun[edit]

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronoun[edit]

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

Verb[edit]

-bóna

  1. to see
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronoun[edit]

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronoun[edit]

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

Verb[edit]

-bóna

  1. to see
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bona

  1. definite plural of bo

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

bona

  1. to wax or polish a floor
    en hvirflande vals på slottssalens bonade och försåtligt hala parkettgolf.
    a whirling walz on the waxed and treacherously slippery parquet floor of the castle hall
  2. (rare or archaic) to equip, to decorate, to dress, to wrap (see also ombona)
Conjunction[edit]

See also[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronoun[edit]

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronoun[edit]

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

Verb[edit]

-bôna

  1. to see
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.
Inflection[edit]
Stem -bo, poss. stem -bó
Full form boná
Locative kubo
Full form boná
Locative kubo
Copulative yibo
Possessive forms
Modifier Substantive
Class 1 wabo owabo
Class 2 babo ababo
Class 3 wabo owabo
Class 4 yabo eyabo
Class 5 labo elabo
Class 6 abo awabo
Class 7 sabo esabo
Class 8 zabo ezabo
Class 9 yabo eyabo
Class 10 zabo ezabo
Class 11 lwabo olwabo
Class 14 babo obabo
Class 15 kwabo okwabo
Class 17 kwabo okwabo

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.
Inflection[edit]
Stem -bo, poss. stem -bó
Full form boná
Locative kubo
Full form boná
Locative kubo
Copulative yibo
Possessive forms
Modifier Substantive
Class 1 wabo owabo
Class 2 babo ababo
Class 3 wabo owabo
Class 4 yabo eyabo
Class 5 labo elabo
Class 6 abo awabo
Class 7 sabo esabo
Class 8 zabo ezabo
Class 9 yabo eyabo
Class 10 zabo ezabo
Class 11 lwabo olwabo
Class 14 babo obabo
Class 15 kwabo okwabo
Class 17 kwabo okwabo

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-bôna

  1. (transitive) to see
  2. (transitive) to understand, to comprehend
  3. (transitive) to recognise
  4. (transitive) to seek out, to visit
Inflection[edit]
Tone HH
Infinitive ukubona
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubona ukungaboni
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular bona bone
Plural bonani boneni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyabona, ngibona engiyabona, engibona ngibona angiboni engingaboni ngingaboni
2nd singular uyabona, ubona oyabona, obona ubona awuboni ongaboni ungaboni
1st plural siyabona, sibona esiyabona, esibona sibona asiboni esingaboni singaboni
2nd plural niyabona, nibona eniyabona, enibona nibona aniboni eningaboni ningaboni
Class 1 uyabona, ubona oyabona, obona ebona akaboni ongaboni engaboni
Class 2 bayabona, babona abayabona, ababona bebona ababoni abangaboni bengaboni
Class 3 uyabona, ubona oyabona, obona ubona awuboni ongaboni ungaboni
Class 4 iyabona, ibona eyabona, ebona ibona ayiboni engaboni ingaboni
Class 5 liyabona, libona eliyabona, elibona libona aliboni elingaboni lingaboni
Class 6 ayabona, abona ayabona, abona ebona awaboni angaboni engaboni
Class 7 siyabona, sibona esiyabona, esibona sibona asiboni esingaboni singaboni
Class 8 ziyabona, zibona eziyabona, ezibona zibona aziboni ezingaboni zingaboni
Class 9 iyabona, ibona eyabona, ebona ibona ayiboni engaboni ingaboni
Class 10 ziyabona, zibona eziyabona, ezibona zibona aziboni ezingaboni zingaboni
Class 11 luyabona, lubona oluyabona, olubona lubona aluboni olungaboni lungaboni
Class 14 buyabona, bubona obuyabona, obubona bubona abuboni obungaboni bungaboni
Class 15 kuyabona, kubona okuyabona, okubona kubona akuboni okungaboni kungaboni
Class 17 kuyabona, kubona okuyabona, okubona kubona akuboni okungaboni kungaboni
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibonile, ngibonē engibonile, engibonē ngibonile, ngibonē angibonanga engingabonanga ngingabonanga
2nd singular ubonile, ubonē obonile, obonē ubonile, ubonē awubonanga ongabonanga ungabonanga
1st plural sibonile, sibonē esibonile, esibonē sibonile, sibonē asibonanga esingabonanga singabonanga
2nd plural nibonile, nibonē enibonile, enibonē nibonile, nibonē anibonanga eningabonanga ningabonanga
Class 1 ubonile, ubonē obonile, obonē ebonile, ebonē akabonanga ongabonanga engabonanga
Class 2 babonile, babonē ababonile, ababonē bebonile, bebonē ababonanga abangabonanga bengabonanga
Class 3 ubonile, ubonē obonile, obonē ubonile, ubonē awubonanga ongabonanga ungabonanga
Class 4 ibonile, ibonē ebonile, ebonē ibonile, ibonē ayibonanga engabonanga ingabonanga
Class 5 libonile, libonē elibonile, elibonē libonile, libonē alibonanga elingabonanga lingabonanga
Class 6 abonile, abonē abonile, abonē ebonile, ebonē awabonanga angabonanga engabonanga
Class 7 sibonile, sibonē esibonile, esibonē sibonile, sibonē asibonanga esingabonanga singabonanga
Class 8 zibonile, zibonē ezibonile, ezibonē zibonile, zibonē azibonanga ezingabonanga zingabonanga
Class 9 ibonile, ibonē ebonile, ebonē ibonile, ibonē ayibonanga engabonanga ingabonanga
Class 10 zibonile, zibonē ezibonile, ezibonē zibonile, zibonē azibonanga ezingabonanga zingabonanga
Class 11 lubonile, lubonē olubonile, olubonē lubonile, lubonē alubonanga olungabonanga lungabonanga
Class 14 bubonile, bubonē obubonile, obubonē bubonile, bubonē abubonanga obungabonanga bungabonanga
Class 15 kubonile, kubonē okubonile, okubonē kubonile, kubonē akubonanga okungabonanga kungabonanga
Class 17 kubonile, kubonē okubonile, okubonē kubonile, kubonē akubonanga okungabonanga kungabonanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābona engābona ngābona angibonanga engingabonanga ngingabonanga
2nd singular wābona owābona wābona awubonanga ongabonanga ungabonanga
1st plural sābona esābona sābona asibonanga esingabonanga singabonanga
2nd plural nābona enābona nābona anibonanga eningabonanga ningabonanga
Class 1 wābona owābona ābona akabonanga ongabonanga engabonanga
Class 2 bābona abābona bābona ababonanga abangabonanga bengabonanga
Class 3 wābona owābona wābona awubonanga ongabonanga ungabonanga
Class 4 yābona eyābona yābona ayibonanga engabonanga ingabonanga
Class 5 lābona elābona lābona alibonanga elingabonanga lingabonanga
Class 6 ābona ābona ābona awabonanga angabonanga engabonanga
Class 7 sābona esābona sābona asibonanga esingabonanga singabonanga
Class 8 zābona ezābona zābona azibonanga ezingabonanga zingabonanga
Class 9 yābona eyābona yābona ayibonanga engabonanga ingabonanga
Class 10 zābona ezābona zābona azibonanga ezingabonanga zingabonanga
Class 11 lwābona olwābona lwābona alubonanga olungabonanga lungabonanga
Class 14 bābona obābona bābona abubonanga obungabonanga bungabonanga
Class 15 kwābona okwābona kwābona akubonanga okungabonanga kungabonanga
Class 17 kwābona okwābona kwābona akubonanga okungabonanga kungabonanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingabona ngingabona ngingebone ngingebone
2nd singular ungabona ungabona ungebone ungebone
1st plural singabona singabona singebone singebone
2nd plural ningabona ningabona ningebone ningebone
Class 1 angabona engabona angebone engebone
Class 2 bangabona bengabona bangebone bengebone
Class 3 ungabona ungabona ungebone ungebone
Class 4 ingabona ingabona ingebone ingebone
Class 5 lingabona lingabona lingebone lingebone
Class 6 angabona engabona angebone engebone
Class 7 singabona singabona singebone singebone
Class 8 zingabona zingabona zingebone zingebone
Class 9 ingabona ingabona ingebone ingebone
Class 10 zingabona zingabona zingebone zingebone
Class 11 lungabona lungabona lungebone lungebone
Class 14 bungabona bungabona bungebone bungebone
Class 15 kungabona kungabona kungebone kungebone
Class 17 kungabona kungabona kungebone kungebone
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobona engizobona ngizobona angizubona ngingezubona
2nd singular uzobona ozobona uzobona awuzubona ungezubona
1st plural sizobona esizobona sizobona asizubona singezubona
2nd plural nizobona enizobona nizobona anizubona ningezubona
Class 1 uzobona ozobona ezobona akazubona engezubona
Class 2 bazobona abazobona bezobona abazubona bengezubona
Class 3 uzobona ozobona uzobona awuzubona ungezubona
Class 4 izobona ezobona izobona ayizubona ingezubona
Class 5 lizobona elizobona lizobona alizubona lingezubona
Class 6 azobona azobona ezobona awazubona engezubona
Class 7 sizobona esizobona sizobona asizubona singezubona
Class 8 zizobona ezizobona zizobona azizubona zingezubona
Class 9 izobona ezobona izobona ayizubona ingezubona
Class 10 zizobona ezizobona zizobona azizubona zingezubona
Class 11 luzobona oluzobona luzobona aluzubona lungezubona
Class 14 buzobona obuzobona buzobona abuzubona bungezubona
Class 15 kuzobona okuzobona kuzobona akuzubona kungezubona
Class 17 kuzobona okuzobona kuzobona akuzubona kungezubona
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobona engiyobona ngiyobona angiyubona ngingeyubona
2nd singular uyobona oyobona uyobona awuyubona ungeyubona
1st plural siyobona esiyobona siyobona asiyubona singeyubona
2nd plural niyobona eniyobona niyobona aniyubona ningeyubona
Class 1 uyobona oyobona eyobona akayubona engeyubona
Class 2 bayobona abayobona beyobona abayubona bengeyubona
Class 3 uyobona oyobona uyobona awuyubona ungeyubona
Class 4 iyobona eyobona iyobona ayiyubona ingeyubona
Class 5 liyobona eliyobona liyobona aliyubona lingeyubona
Class 6 ayobona ayobona eyobona awayubona engeyubona
Class 7 siyobona esiyobona siyobona asiyubona singeyubona
Class 8 ziyobona eziyobona ziyobona aziyubona zingeyubona
Class 9 iyobona eyobona iyobona ayiyubona ingeyubona
Class 10 ziyobona eziyobona ziyobona aziyubona zingeyubona
Class 11 luyobona oluyobona luyobona aluyubona lungeyubona
Class 14 buyobona obuyobona buyobona abuyubona bungeyubona
Class 15 kuyobona okuyobona kuyobona akuyubona kungeyubona
Class 17 kuyobona okuyobona kuyobona akuyubona kungeyubona
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibone ngingaboni
2nd singular ubone ungaboni
1st plural sibone singaboni
2nd plural nibone ningaboni
Class 1 abone angaboni
Class 2 babone bangaboni
Class 3 ubone ungaboni
Class 4 ibone ingaboni
Class 5 libone lingaboni
Class 6 abone angaboni
Class 7 sibone singaboni
Class 8 zibone zingaboni
Class 9 ibone ingaboni
Class 10 zibone zingaboni
Class 11 lubone lungaboni
Class 14 bubone bungaboni
Class 15 kubone kungaboni
Class 17 kubone kungaboni
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabona angibona
2nd singular wabona awubona
1st plural sabona asibona
2nd plural nabona anibona
Class 1 wabona akabona
Class 2 babona ababona
Class 3 wabona awubona
Class 4 yabona ayibona
Class 5 labona alibona
Class 6 abona awabona
Class 7 sabona asibona
Class 8 zabona azibona
Class 9 yabona ayibona
Class 10 zabona azibona
Class 11 lwabona alubona
Class 14 babona abubona
Class 15 kwabona akubona
Class 17 kwabona akubona
Derived terms[edit]