bona

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Bona, bóna, böna, bøna, and -bona

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Adjective[edit]

bona (comparative more bona, superlative most bona)

  1. (Polari) Good.
    • 1966, Kenneth Horne, "Bona Tattoos" in: Round the Horne, series 2
      SANDY: Oh, get him ! The vanity of the man. Well, p'raps not Nelson then. How about reproductions of great masterpieces?
      JULIAN: A bona idea. Now, let me see...
    • 1997, James Gardiner, Who's a pretty boy then?, page 137
      Will you take a varder at the cartz on the feely-omi in the naf strides: the one with the bona blue ogles polarying the omi-palone with a vogue on and a cod sheitel.
    • 1997, Ian Lucas, "The Color of His Eyes: Polari and the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence" in: Anna Livia, Kira Hall (editors), Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality, page 90
      Bona to vada you.

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bo

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Common Romance, ultimately from Latin bonus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbo.na/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bo‧na

Adjective[edit]

bona (accusative singular bonan, plural bonaj, accusative plural bonajn)

  1. good
    • 1910, L. L. Zamenhof, "Proverbaro Esperanta":
      Mensoganto devas havi bonan memoron.
      A liar has to have a good memory.

Ido[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona

  1. good

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bono

Ladin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inflection of the adjective bonus(good).

Adjective[edit]

bona

  1. nominative feminine singular of bonus
  2. nominative neuter plural of bonus
  3. accusative neuter plural of bonus
  4. vocative feminine singular of bonus
  5. vocative neuter plural of bonus

bonā

  1. ablative feminine singular of bonus

Etymology 2[edit]

Feminine of the noun bonus(a good man).

Noun[edit]

bona f (genitive bonae); first declension

  1. A good or brave woman.
Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative bona bonae
genitive bonae bonārum
dative bonae bonīs
accusative bonam bonās
ablative bonā bonīs
vocative bona bonae

Etymology 3[edit]

Inflection of the noun bonum(a good thing).

Noun[edit]

bona

  1. nominative plural of bonum
  2. accusative plural of bonum
  3. vocative plural of bonum

References[edit]

  • bona in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • BONA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.bona”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to meet with good weather: tempestatem idoneam, bonam nancisci
    • (ambiguous) to enjoy good health: bona (firma, prospera) valetudine esse or uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)
    • (ambiguous) to reward amply; to give manifold recompense for: bonam (praeclaram) gratiam referre
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to be gifted, talented (not praeditum esse by itself): bona indole (always in sing.) praeditum esse
    • (ambiguous) he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) natural advantages: naturae bona
    • (ambiguous) to recover one's reason, be reasonable again: ad bonam frugem se recipere
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) to possess means, to be well off: rem or opes habere, bona possidere, in bonis esse
    • (ambiguous) to squander all one's property: lacerare bona sua (Verr. 3. 70. 164)
    • (ambiguous) to confiscate a person's property: bona alicuius publicare (B. G. 5. 54)
    • (ambiguous) to restore to a person his confiscated property: bona alicui restituere
    • (ambiguous) allow me to say: bona (cum) venia tua dixerim
  • bona in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bona in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baunō, whence also Old Saxon bōna, Old English bēan, Old Norse baun. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰabʰ-.

Noun[edit]

bōna f

  1. (botany) A bean

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bona

  1. genitive singular of bun

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bona bona
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbona
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Provençal[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baunō, whence also Old English bēan, Old Frisian bāne, Old High German bōna, Old Norse baun. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰabʰ-.

Noun[edit]

bōna f

  1. (botany) A bean

Descendants[edit]


Phuthi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

Verb[edit]

-bona

  1. to see

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

Verb[edit]

-bona

  1. to see

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bona

  1. definite plural of bo

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

bona

  1. to wax or polish a floor
    en hvirflande vals på slottssalens bonade och försåtligt hala parkettgolf.
    a whirling walz on the waxed and treacherously slippery parquet floor of the castle hall
  2. (rare or archaic) to equip, to decorate, to dress, to wrap (see also ombona)
Conjunction[edit]

See also[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

Verb[edit]

-bona

  1. to see

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

bona

  1. they, them (class 2)
  2. it (class 14)
Inflection[edit]
Stem -bo, poss. stem -bó
Full form boná
Locative kúbo
Full form boná
Locative kúbo
Copulative yibo
Possessive forms
Modifier Substantive
Class 1 wábó ówábó
Class 2 bábó ábábó
Class 3 wábó ówábó
Class 4 yábó éyábó
Class 5 lábó élábó
Class 6 ábó áwábó
Class 7 sábó ésábó
Class 8 zábó ézábó
Class 9 yábó éyábó
Class 10 zábó ézábó
Class 11 lwábó ólwábó
Class 14 bábó óbábó
Class 15 kwábó ókwábó
Class 17 kwábó ókwábó
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb[edit]

-bona

  1. (transitive) to see
  2. (transitive) to understand, to comprehend
  3. (transitive) to recognise
  4. (transitive) to seek out, to visit
Inflection[edit]
Tone class H
Infinitive ukubona
Imperative Imperative
+ object prefix
Singular bona bone
Plural bonani boneni
Present Participial Subjunctive
1st singular ngiyabona, ngibona ngibona ngibone
2nd singular uyabona, ubona ubona ubone
1st plural siyabona, sibona sibona sibone
2nd plural niyabona, nibona nibona nibone
Class 1 uyabona, ubona ebona abone
Class 2 bayabona, babona bebona babone
Class 3 uyabona, ubona ubona ubone
Class 4 iyabona, ibona ibona ibone
Class 5 liyabona, libona libona libone
Class 6 ayabona, abona ebona abone
Class 7 siyabona, sibona sibona sibone
Class 8 ziyabona, zibona zibona zibone
Class 9 iyabona, ibona ibona ibone
Class 10 ziyabona, zibona zibona zibone
Class 11 luyabona, lubona lubona lubone
Class 14 buyabona, bubona bubona bubone
Class 15 kuyabona, kubona kubona kubone
Class 17 kuyabona, kubona kubona kubone
Recent past Recent past
continuous
1st singular ngibonile, ngibonē bengibona
2nd singular ubonile, ubonē ubebona
1st plural sibonile, sibonē sibebona
2nd plural nibonile, nibonē nibebona
Class 1 ubonile, ubonē ubebona
Class 2 babonile, babonē bebebona
Class 3 ubonile, ubonē bewubona
Class 4 ibonile, ibonē beyibona
Class 5 libonile, libonē belibona
Class 6 abonile, abonē abebona
Class 7 sibonile, sibonē besibona
Class 8 zibonile, zibonē bezibona
Class 9 ibonile, ibonē beyibona
Class 10 zibonile, zibonē bezibona
Class 11 lubonile, lubonē belubona
Class 14 bubonile, bubonē bebubona
Class 15 kubonile, kubonē bekubona
Class 17 kubonile, kubonē bekubona
Remote past Remote past
continuous
1st singular ngābona ngangibona
2nd singular wābona wawubona
1st plural sābona sasibona
2nd plural nābona nanibona
Class 1 wābona wayebona
Class 2 bābona babebona
Class 3 wābona wawubona
Class 4 yābona yayibona
Class 5 lābona lalibona
Class 6 ābona ayebona
Class 7 sābona sasibona
Class 8 zābona zazibona
Class 9 yābona yayibona
Class 10 zābona zazibona
Class 11 lwābona lwalubona
Class 14 bābona babubona
Class 15 kwābona kwakubona
Class 17 kwābona kwakubona
Future
1st singular ngizobona
2nd singular uzobona
1st plural sizobona
2nd plural nizobona
Class 1 uzobona
Class 2 bazobona
Class 3 uzobona
Class 4 izobona
Class 5 lizobona
Class 6 azobona
Class 7 sizobona
Class 8 zizobona
Class 9 izobona
Class 10 zizobona
Class 11 luzobona
Class 14 buzobona
Class 15 kuzobona
Class 17 kuzobona
Derived terms[edit]