bun

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See also: Bun, BUN, bún, bùn, bûn, bün, bűn, and bun-

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bunne (wheat cake, bun), from Anglo-Norman bugne (bump on the head; fritter), from Old French bugne (hence French beignet), from Frankish *bungjo (little clump), diminutive of *bungo (lump, clump), from Proto-Germanic *bungô, *bunkô (clump, lump, heap, crowd), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰenǵʰ- (thick, dense, fat). Cognate with Dutch bonk (clump, clot, cluster of fruits). More at bunch.

Noun[edit]

bun (plural buns)

  1. A small bread roll, often sweetened or spiced.
  2. A tight roll of hair worn at the back of the head.
  3. (Ireland) A cupcake.
  4. (slang, Britain) A drunken spree.
  5. (Internet, slang) A newbie.
  6. (informal, chiefly in the plural) A buttock.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from Scots bun (tail of a rabbit or hare), which is probably from Scottish Gaelic bun (bottom, butt, stump, stub).[1]

Noun[edit]

bun (plural buns)

  1. (dialect, archaic) A rabbit or sometimes a squirrel.

Etymology 3[edit]

Caribbean pronunciation of burn.

Verb[edit]

bun (third-person singular simple present buns, present participle bunning, simple past and past participle bunned)

  1. (Caribbean and MLE, slang) To smoke cannabis.
  2. (MLE, slang) To shoot.
    • 2004, MC Forcer, guest on Lethal Bizzle, "Pow!"
      Don't care about your crew, bun them anyday
    • 2011, Jme, "Mike Lowery"
      Some man acting dumb, think's he's a gun-man, wanna bring me drama. How you gonna bun me?

Etymology 4[edit]

From the Revised Romanization of Korean (bun), from Chinese (fen)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bun (plural buns or bun)

  1. (Korean units of measure) A Korean unit of length equivalent to about 0.3 cm.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eric Partridge (1966), Origins: A short etymological dictionary of modern English. New York: Greenwich House, →ISBN, p. 64.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *bhunā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (to be wake, keep watch).

Noun[edit]

bun f

  1. hut (of mountain shepherds), chalet, fenced area (for cattle)
Related terms[edit]

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bonus. Compare Daco-Romanian bun.

Adjective[edit]

bun m (feminine bunã)

  1. good

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bonus.

Adjective[edit]

bun m (feminine buna)

  1. good

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bun (the thick end of anything, base, butt, foot), from Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bun m (genitive singular buin, nominative plural bunanna)

  1. base, bottom
  2. stock, stump, trunk
  3. lower end
  4. extremity
  5. basis, origin, foundation
  6. basic provision
  7. settled state
  8. source, direction
  9. trace
  10. (card games) score required to win game

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bun bhun mbun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "bun" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 bun” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぶん

Ligurian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bonus.

Adjective[edit]

bun

  1. good

Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bun m (oblique and nominative feminine singular bune)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of bon

Declension[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bun m (genitive bona, nominative plural bonai)

  1. base
  2. bottom
  3. butt
  4. end

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bun bun
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 71

Further reading[edit]

  • 1 bun” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin bonus, from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dwenos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere).

Adjective[edit]

bun m, n (feminine singular bună, masculine plural buni, feminine and neuter plural bune)

  1. good
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Either from the above word or from a Vulgar Latin *avunus, ultimately from the same Indo-European root as avus. (Compare the diminutive avunculus, avonculus), probably influenced by or confused with bonus. Compare also Friulian von (grandfather), Calabrian and Piedmontese bona ("grandmother") [1].

Noun[edit]

bun m (plural buni, feminine equivalent bună)

  1. (uncommon) grandfather
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bun (the thick end of anything, base, butt, foot), from Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bun m (genitive buna or buin, plural buin or bunan)

  1. bottom, base, foundation
  2. butt, stub

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
bun bhun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Somali[edit]

Noun[edit]

bun ?

  1. coffee

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Portuguese bom.

Adjective[edit]

bun

  1. good

Adverb[edit]

bun

  1. very, rather

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bone

Noun[edit]

bun

  1. (anatomy) bone
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 2:21:
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.