equivalent

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See also: équivalent

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

equi- +‎ -valent. From Latin aequivalentem, accusative singular of aequivalēns, present active participle of aequivaleō (I am equivalent, have equal power).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

equivalent (comparative more equivalent, superlative most equivalent)

  1. Similar or identical in value, meaning or effect; virtually equal.
    To burn calories, a thirty-minute jog is equivalent to a couple of hamburgers.
    • 1692–1717, Robert South, Twelve Sermons Preached upon Several Occasions, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), 6th edition, London: [] J[ames] Bettenham, for Jonah Bowyer, [], published 1727, OCLC 21766567:
      For now to serve and to minister, servile and ministerial, are terms equivalent.
    • 2012 March 1, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 112-3:
      A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place. Applying a force tangential to the knob is essentially equivalent to applying one perpendicular to a radial line defining the lever.
    Synonym: on a par
  2. (mathematics) Of two sets, having a one-to-one correspondence.
    Synonym: equinumerous
    • c. 2005, P N Gupta Kulbhushan, Comprehensive MCQ's in Mathematics, page 3:
      Finite sets A and B are equivalent sets only when n(A) = n(B) i.e., the number of elements in A and B are equal.
    • 1950, E. Kamke, Theory of Sets, page 16:
      All enumerable sets are equivalent to each other, but not to any finite set.
    • 2000, N. L. Carothers, Real Analysis, page 18:
      Equivalent sets should, by rights, have the same "number" of elements. For this reason we sometimes say that equivalent sets have the same cardinality.
    • 2006, Joseph Breuer, Introduction to the Theory of Sets, page 41:
      The equivalence theorem: If both M is equivalent to a subset N1 of N and N is equivalent to a subset M1 of M, then the sets M and N are equivalent to each other.
  3. (mathematics) Relating to the corresponding elements of an equivalence relation.
  4. (chemistry) Having the equal ability to combine.
  5. (cartography) Of a map, equal-area.
  6. (geometry) Equal in measure but not admitting of superposition; applied to magnitudes.
    A square may be equivalent to a triangle.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In mathematics, this adjective can be used in phrases like "A and B are equivalent", "A is equivalent to B", and, less commonly, "A is equivalent with B".

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

equivalent (plural equivalents)

  1. Anything that is virtually equal to something else, or has the same value, force, etc.
  2. (chemistry) An equivalent weight.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

equivalent (third-person singular simple present equivalents, present participle equivalenting, simple past and past participle equivalented)

  1. (transitive) To make equivalent to; to equal.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aequivalēns, attested from 1696.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

equivalent (masculine and feminine plural equivalents)

  1. equivalent

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “equivalent” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French équivalent, from Latin aequivalēns.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌeː.kʋi.vaːˈlɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: equi‧va‧lent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Adjective[edit]

equivalent (not comparable)

  1. equivalent

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of equivalent
uninflected equivalent
inflected equivalente
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial equivalent
indefinite m./f. sing. equivalente
n. sing. equivalent
plural equivalente
definite equivalente
partitive equivalents

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

equivalent n (plural equivalenten)

  1. equivalent

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aequivalēns.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

equivalent m (feminine singular equivalenta, masculine plural equivalents, feminine plural equivalentas)

  1. equivalent

Related terms[edit]