mathematics

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French mathematique, from Latin mathēmatica(mathematics), from Ancient Greek μαθηματικός(mathēmatikós, fond of learning), from μάθημα(máthēma, knowledge, study, learning).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mæθ(ə)ˈmætɨks/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

mathematics ‎(uncountable)

  1. An abstract representational system used in the study of numbers, shapes, structure, change and the relationships between these concepts.
    • 2001, David Salsburg, The Lady Tasting Tea: How Statistics Revolutionized Science in the Twentieth Century, page 8
      In many cases, the mathematics involved are deep and complicated.
    • 2002, Ian Stewart, Does God Play Dice?: The New Mathematics of Chaos, page 38
      The answer is 'yes', and the mathematics needed is the theory of probability and its applied cousin, statistics.
  2. A person's ability to count, calculate, and use different systems of mathematics at differing levels.
    My mathematics is not very good.
    Their mathematics are not very good.
    Their mathematics is not very good.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Mathematics was previously seen as a plural, but this usage is obsolete.
    • "… Artificers, to whom the Practical Mathematics are of great and immediate Uſe." A System of Practical Mathematics - John Potter, 1753
    • "Mathematics are based on arithmatic[sic], algebra and geometry, and are either pure or mixed." - The teacher's assistant in the "Course of mathematics adapted to the method of instruction in the American colleges - Jeremiah Day, 1836
    • "Now the mathematics are peculiarly well adapted for this purpose, … " - Library of Useful Knowledge - Mathematics - Baldwin and Cradock, London, 1836
    • "Mathematics are also distinguished into Theoretical, or Speculative, and Practical, …" A new and easy Introduction to the Mathematics - Ira Wanzer, 1831

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]

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