math

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See also: math. and maths

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English math, from Old English mǣþ (a mowing, that which is mown, cutting of grass), from Proto-Germanic *mēþą (a mowing), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂meh₁- (to mow); equivalent to mow +‎ -th. Cognate with German Mahd (a mowing, reaping). Related also to Old English mǣd (mead, meadow, pasture). See meadow.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

math (plural maths)

  1. A mowing; what is gathered from mowing.
    Hyponyms: aftermath, foremath, lattermath
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction of mathematics.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

math (countable and uncountable, plural maths)

  1. (uncountable, Canada, US) Clipping of mathematics.
  2. (uncountable, Canada, US) Arithmetic calculations; (see do the math).
    If you do the math, you'll see that it’s not such a bargain.
    $170 a month? That doesn’t sound right. Let me check your math.
  3. (countable, Canada, US) A math course.
    They needed to take two more maths in order to graduate.
    • 2010, Claude Regis Vargo, Beyond My Horizon, →ISBN, page 108:
      Then, I further worked myself into an A+ panic attack with the realization that on top of the algebra, I would have to take three more maths, from a choice of calculus, finite math, statistics, logic, or differential equation.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

math (third-person singular simple present maths, present participle mathing, simple past and past participle mathed)

  1. (colloquial, informal) to do mathematical calculations

Etymology 3[edit]

Contraction of matha.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

math (plural maths)

  1. (Hinduism, Jainism) Clipping of matha.

Anagrams[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish maith, from Proto-Celtic *matis, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₂-. Cognate with Welsh mad, Breton mad, Cornish mas. Compare Irish maith, Manx mie.

Adjective[edit]

math (genitive singular masculine maith, genitive singular feminine maithe, nominative plural matha, comparative fheàrr)

  1. good
    'S math sin.That's good.
Declension[edit]
Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative math mhath matha
Vocative mhaith mhath matha
Genitive mhaith maithe/mhaith matha
Dative mhath mhaith matha
Synonyms[edit]
  • deagh (slightly stronger)
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

math

  1. well
    Ciamar a tha thu? Meadhanach math.How are you? Reasonably well.
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

math m (genitive singular maith)

  1. good
  2. advantage, profit, use, utility
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish maithid (remits, excuses; pardons, forgives; remits, abates, withholds; gives up (claim to); renounces), from maith (good).

Verb[edit]

math (past mhath, future mathaidh, verbal noun mathadh, past participle mathte)

  1. forgive, excuse, pardon, condone, remit
Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A variation on bath (kind, sort). For similar instances of alternation between b and m, see benyw and menyw, beiddio and meiddio, bainc and mainc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

math m (plural mathau)

  1. kind, sort, type
    Synonym: siort

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
math fath unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “math”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies