-th

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -th, -t, from Old English , -t, -þu, -tu, -þo, -to (-th, abstract nominal suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-iþō (-th), from Proto-Indo-European *-iteh₂ (-th). Cognate with Scots -th (-th), West Frisian -te (-th), Dutch -te (-th), Danish -de (-th), Swedish -d (-th), Icelandic , -d (-th), Gothic -𐌹𐌸𐌰 (-iþa, -th), Latin -itās (-ty, -ity). See -ity.

Suffix[edit]

-th

  1. (no longer productive) Forming nouns from verbs of action.
    berth, blowth, drawth, flowth, growth, health, sight, spilth, stealth, theft, weight
  2. (no longer productive) Forming nouns from adjectives.
    breadth, coolth, dearth, depth, filth, height/heighth, length, roomth, strength, troth, truth, sloth/slowth, warmth, wealth, width, wrath, wrength youth/youngth
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Representing Old English -þa, -þe, -oþa, -oþe, derived from a Proto-Indo-European superlative suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-th

  1. Used to form the ordinal numeral when the final term of the spelled number is not “first”, “second”, or “third”.
    the 4th/Fourth of July
Coordinate terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Representing Old English -eþ, -aþ, .

Suffix[edit]

-th

  1. (archaic) A variant of -eth, used to form the archaic third-person singular indicative present tense of verbs.
    comecometh
    havehath

See also[edit]