-th

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -th, -t, from Old English , -t, -þu, -tu, -þo, -to (-th, abstract nominal suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-iþō, from Proto-Indo-European *-iteh₂. Cognate with Scots -th, West Frisian -te, Dutch -te, Danish -de, Swedish -d, Icelandic , -d, Gothic -𐌹𐌸𐌰 (-iþa), Latin -itās (-ty, -ity). See -ity, -t.

Suffix[edit]

-th

  1. (no longer productive) Forming nouns from verbs of action.
    berth, birth, blowth, drawth, flowth, growth, health, sight, spilth, stealth, theft, weight
  2. (no longer productive) Forming nouns from adjectives.
    breadth, coolth, dampth, dearth, depth, filth, height/heighth, length, roomth, ruth, strength, troth, truth, sloth/slowth, warmth, wealth, width, wrath, wrength, youth/youngth,
Synonyms[edit]
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}} to add them to the appropriate sense(s).

Etymology 2[edit]

Representing Old English -þa, -þe, -oþa, -oþe, derived from a Proto-Indo-European superlative suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-th

  1. Used to form the ordinal numeral when the final term of the spelled number is not “first”, “second”, or “third”.
    the 4th/Fourth of July
  2. In mathematical discourse, used to form a term denoting the ordinal numeral corresponding to the value, being a natural number, of a mathematical expression.
    The nth term of a geometrical progression whose first term is a and common ratio is r is given by arn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • When suffixing a spelled number ending on "eight", its final "t" is dropped: eighth; twenty-eighth.
  • In older texts, this suffix, and the other suffixes for forming ordinals, may be seen written as superscripts: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th. This is considered old-fashioned; the current preference is to write (when not spelling the numbers), 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th.
  • When used to suffix a mathematical expression, a hyphen is sometimes inserted: n-th term.
Coordinate terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Representing Old English -eþ, -aþ, .

Suffix[edit]

-th

  1. (archaic) A variant of -eth, used to form the archaic third-person singular indicative present tense of verbs.
    comecometh
    havehath
    dodoth
    saysaith

See also[edit]


Anagrams[edit]