From Middle English -th, -t, from Old English -þ, -t, -þu, -tu, -þo, -to (“-th”, abstract nominal suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-iþō (“-th”), from Proto-Indo-European *-iteh₂ (“-th”). Cognate with Scots -th (“-th”), West Frisian -te (“-th”), Dutch -te (“-th”), Danish -de (“-th”), Swedish -d (“-th”), Icelandic -ð, -d (“-th”), Gothic -𐌹𐌸𐌰 (-iþa, “-th”), Latin -itās (“-ty, -ity”). See -ity.
- (rare) Forming nouns from verbs of action.
- berth, blowth, drawth, flowth, growth, health, sight, spilth, stealth, theft, weight
- (rare) Forming nouns from adjectives.
- breadth, dearth, depth, filth, height/heighth, length, roomth, strength, troth, truth, sloth/slowth, warmth, wealth, width, wrath, wrength youth/youngth
Representing Old English -þa, -þe, -oþa, -oþe, derived from a Proto-Indo-European superlative suffix.
- Used to form the ordinal numeral when the final term of the spelled number is not "first", "second", or "third".
- The 4th of July
used to form the ordinal numeral
- Rumi: ke-
- Jawi: ک-
- Marathi: -वा (-vā)
- Persian: ـم (fa) (-om)
- Polish: -y (pl) m, -ty m
- Portuguese: -eiro (1, 3, 11, 13, 21, 23, 31, 33, …), -to (4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, …), -avo (8, 18, 28, …), -imo (7, 10, 11, 20, 30, 40, …)
- Russian: (various endings exist) -ый (ru) (-yj), -о́й m (-ój), -ий (ru) m (-ij)
- Tajik: -ум (-um)
- Thai: ที่- (th) (têe-)
- Turkish: -inci, -nci, -ıncı, -ncı (tr), -üncü, -uncu
- Vietnamese: thứ ... (vi)
- Welsh: -fed, -ed, -ydd (cy), -edd
Representing Old English -eþ, -aþ, -þ.
- (archaic) a variant of -eth, used to form the archaic third-person singular of verbs
- come → cometh