-eiro

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Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese -eiro, from Latin -ārius and -ārium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-eiro m ‎(feminine -eira, plural -eiros, feminine plural -eiras)

  1. forms nouns from nouns or verbs, denoting someone who works with the suffixed noun or engages in the suffixed verb; -er; -eer
    cozinha ‎(kitchen) + -eirocozinheiro ‎(cook)
    aventura ‎(adventure) + -eiroaventureiro ‎(adventurer)
    companhia ‎(company) + -eirocompanheiro ‎(companion)
  2. forms nouns, from nouns denoting a location or type of location, meaning “someone from the location” and adjectives meaning “of, from or related to the location”
    Brasil ‎(Brazil) + -eirobrasileiro ‎(Brazilian)
    costa ‎(coast) + -eirocosteiro ‎(of the coast; someone who lives by the coast)
  3. forms nouns from the names of fruits or other plant products, denoting the plant bearing them, usually trees and shrubs
    pêssego ‎(peach fruit) + -eiropessegueiro ‎(peach tree)
    rosa ‎(rose) + -eiraroseira ‎(rosebush)
  4. (usually feminine) forms nouns, from nouns or adjectives, denoting a state, property or quality of being the suffixed adjective or having the suffixed noun; -ity, -ness
    sujo ‎(filthy) + -eirasujeira ‎(filth)
    besta ‎(foolish) + -eirabesteira ‎(foolery)
    nojo ‎(disgust) + -eiranojeira ‎(something disgusting)
  5. forms nouns, from nouns, denoting a place where there is plenty of the suffixed noun
    lama ‎(mud) + -eirolameiro ‎(place with a lot of mud)
  6. forms nouns, from verbs, denoting place where the suffixed verb is likely to occur
    atolar ‎(to bog down) + -eiroatoleiro ‎(place where vehicles bog down frequently)
  7. forms the names of trees, often synonyms
    carvalho ‎(oak) + -eiracarvalheira ‎(English oak)
    azinho ‎(holm oak) + -eiraazinheira ‎(holm oak)
    pinho ‎(pine tree) + -eiropinheiro ‎(pine tree)
  8. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a container for the suffixed noun
    lápis ‎(pencil) + -eirolapiseiro ‎(pencil case)
    sal ‎(salt) + -eirosaleiro ‎(salt cellar)
  9. forms adjectives meaning “which transports the suffixed noun”, and nouns meaning “a ship which transports the suffixed noun”
    carga ‎(cargo; load) + -eirocargueiro ‎(which transports cargo)
    navio ‎(ship) + negro ‎(black person) + -eironavio-negreiro ‎(slave ship)
    petróleo ‎(petroleum) + -eiropetroleiro ‎(oil tanker)
  10. forms nouns, from the name of a drug, denoting someone who is addicted to the drug; -head
    maconha ‎(marijuana) + -eiromaconheiro ‎(stoner; pothead)
  11. forms nouns, from noun, denoting a fan of the suffixed noun
    metal ‎(heavy metal) + -eirometaleiro ‎(metalhead)
    novela ‎(soap opera) + -eironoveleiro ‎(fan of soap operas)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]