-eiro

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See also: eiro

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese -eiro, from Latin -ārius and -ārium, with metathesis of "i" (through a Vulgar Latin form *-airu). Compare Spanish -ero. Doublet of the borrowed suffix -ário.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-eiro m (feminine -eira, plural -eiros, feminine plural -eiras)

  1. forms nouns from nouns or verbs, denoting someone who works with the suffixed noun or engages in the suffixed verb; -er; -eer
    cozinha (kitchen) + ‎-eiro → ‎cozinheiro (cook)
    aventura (adventure) + ‎-eiro → ‎aventureiro (adventurer)
    companhia (company) + ‎-eiro → ‎companheiro (companion)
  2. forms nouns, from nouns denoting a location or type of location, meaning “someone from the location” and adjectives meaning “of, from or related to the location”
    Brasil (Brazil) + ‎-eiro → ‎brasileiro (Brazilian)
    costa (coast) + ‎-eiro → ‎costeiro (of the coast; someone who lives by the coast)
  3. forms nouns from the names of fruits or other plant products, denoting the plant bearing them, usually trees and shrubs
    pêssego (peach fruit) + ‎-eiro → ‎pessegueiro (peach tree)
    rosa (rose) + ‎-eira → ‎roseira (rosebush)
  4. (usually feminine) forms nouns, from nouns or adjectives, denoting a state, property or quality of being the suffixed adjective or having the suffixed noun; -ity, -ness
    sujo (filthy) + ‎-eira → ‎sujeira (filth)
    besta (foolish) + ‎-eira → ‎besteira (foolery)
    nojo (disgust) + ‎-eira → ‎nojeira (something disgusting)
  5. forms nouns, from nouns, denoting a place where there is plenty of the suffixed noun
    lama (mud) + ‎-eiro → ‎lameiro (place with a lot of mud)
  6. forms nouns, from verbs, denoting a place where the suffixed verb is likely to occur
    atolar (to bog down) + ‎-eiro → ‎atoleiro (place where vehicles bog down frequently)
  7. forms the names of trees, often synonyms
    carvalho (oak) + ‎-eira → ‎carvalheira (English oak)
    azinho (holm oak) + ‎-eira → ‎azinheira (holm oak)
    pinho (pine tree) + ‎-eiro → ‎pinheiro (pine tree)
  8. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a container for the suffixed noun
    lápis (pencil) + ‎-eiro → ‎lapiseiro (pencil case)
    sal (salt) + ‎-eiro → ‎saleiro (salt cellar)
  9. forms adjectives meaning “which transports the suffixed noun”, and nouns meaning “a ship which transports the suffixed noun”
    carga (cargo; load) + ‎-eiro → ‎cargueiro (which transports cargo)
    navio (ship) + negro (black person) + ‎-eiro → ‎navio-negreiro (slave ship)
    petróleo (petroleum) + ‎-eiro → ‎petroleiro (oil tanker)
  10. forms nouns, from the name of a drug, denoting someone who is addicted to the drug; -head
    maconha (marijuana) + ‎-eiro → ‎maconheiro (stoner; pothead)
  11. forms nouns and adjectives, from nouns, denoting a fan of the suffixed noun
    metal (heavy metal) + ‎-eiro → ‎metaleiro (metalhead)
    novela (soap opera) + ‎-eiro → ‎noveleiro (fan of soap operas)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]