sal

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sal, from Latin sal. Doublet of salt.

Noun[edit]

sal (uncountable)

  1. (chemistry, obsolete) salt
Usage notes[edit]

Was used predominantly to form the names of various chemical compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Hindi साल (sāl), from Sanskrit शाल (śāla).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal (plural sals)

  1. Shorea robusta, a dipterocarpaceous tree.
    • 1989, Thomas Weber, Hugging the trees: the story of the Chipko movement, page 18:
      As the sals were cut in the lower foothill districts the loggers looked towards the mountains in their search for other hardwood timber.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch zal, singular of zullen, from Middle Dutch sullen, from Old Dutch *sulan, from Proto-West Germanic *skulan, from Proto-Germanic *skulaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sal (present sal, past sou)

  1. shall, will

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sal

Noun[edit]

sal f

  1. salt

References[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sāl, salem.

Noun[edit]

sal m (plural sales)

  1. salt

Azerbaijani[edit]

sal [1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sāl.

Noun[edit]

sal (definite accusative salı, plural sallar)

  1. raft (wooden)

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely from Proto-Turkic *sal- (throw, lower, put; heavy); see Azerbaijani salmaq.

sal [2]

Noun[edit]

sal (definite accusative salı, plural sallar)

  1. monolith (a large, single block of stone)
Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sal

  1. whole, unbroken, of one piece

Further reading[edit]

  • sal” in Obastan.com.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan sal, from Latin sāl, salem, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal f (plural sals)

  1. salt

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Chairel[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal

  1. sun

References[edit]

  • W. McCulloch, Account of the Valley of Munnipore and of the Hill tribes with a comparative vocabulary of the Munnipore and other languages (1859, Calcutta: Bengal Printing Company)

Chavacano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish sal (salt).

Noun[edit]

sal

  1. salt

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse salr, from Proto-Germanic *saliz, cognate with German Saal, Dutch zaal. The Germanic word was borrowed to French salon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal c (singular definite salen, plural indefinite sale)

  1. hall, room
  2. floor (storey of a building)
    Synonym: etage

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /sal/

Interjection[edit]

sal

  1. (text messaging) Abbreviation of saluton (hello).

Franco-Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sāl, salem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal f

  1. salt

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese sal, from Latin sāl, salem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal m (plural sales)

  1. salt

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • sal” in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega, Royal Galician Academy.
  • sal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • sal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • sal” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • sal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

sal

  1. sun, day, daytime
  2. a 24 hour period
  3. weather
  4. classifier for days

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese sal. Cognate with Kabuverdianu sal.

Noun[edit]

sal

  1. salt

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal

  1. indefinite accusative singular of salur
  2. indefinite dative singular of salur

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch zaal, from Middle Dutch sale, from Old Dutch sala, from Proto-West Germanic *sali, from Proto-Germanic *saliz, from Proto-Indo-European *sol-, *sel- (human settlement, village, dwelling). Cognate of Afrikaans saal (hall, large room).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal (first-person possessive salku, second-person possessive salmu, third-person possessive salnya)

  1. a large room, hall
  2. (healthcare, medicine) ward

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal (plural sales)

  1. salt (substance consisting of positive and negative ions)

Related terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal f (genitive singular saile) or
sal m (genitive singular sail)

  1. Alternative form of sail (dirt; stain)

Declension[edit]

As masculine first-declension noun:

As feminine second-declension noun:

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sal shal
after an, tsal
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sāl, salem.

Noun[edit]

sal

  1. salt

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese sal.

Noun[edit]

sal

  1. salt

Proper noun[edit]

sal

  1. (Sal) Sal
  2. One of the ten islands of Cape Verde

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *sāls, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls.

Cognates include Sanskrit सर (sará), Old Armenian աղ (), Ancient Greek ἅλς (háls), Tocharian A sāle, Old English sealt (English salt) and related to Etruscan 𐌀𐌋𐌑𐌀𐌔𐌄 (alśase).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sāl m or n (genitive salis); third declension

  1. salt
    cum grānō saliswith a grain of salt
  2. (figuratively) wit
  3. (poetic) brine, salt water, the sea

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sāl salēs
Genitive salis salum
Dative salī salibus
Accusative salem
sāl
salēs
Ablative sale salibus
Vocative sāl salēs

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sāl is occasionally found as a neuter noun in the singular. The gender is observable only from agreement in the nominative case, and from agreement and the use of sāl (neuter) vs. salem (masculine) in the accusative case. The neuter nominative and accusative singular form can alternatively be sale, e.g. in Ennius Ann. 385 and Varro d. Non. 223, 17. In the nominative and accusative plural, the word is found only in the masculine gender, with the form salēs.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Aromanian: sari, sare
  • Asturian: sal
  • Catalan: sal
  • Franco-Provençal: sal
  • French: sel
  • Friulian: sâl
  • Galician: sal
  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: sal
  • Istriot: sal
  • Italian: sale
  • Kabuverdianu: sal
  • Lombard: saa
  • Navajo: sáál
  • Occitan: sal, sau
  • Papiamentu: salu
  • Piedmontese: sal
  • Portuguese: sal
  • Romagnol: sêl
  • Romanian: sare
  • Romansch: sal, sel
  • Sardinian: sale
  • Sicilian: sali
  • Spanish: sal
  • Venetian: sal, sałe
  • Walloon:

References[edit]

  • sal in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sal in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sal in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Middle Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

sal

  1. first/third-person singular present indicative of sullen

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal f

  1. year

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse salr.

Noun[edit]

sal m (definite singular salen, indefinite plural saler, definite plural salene)

  1. a large room in which parties and meetings and similar are held; a hall.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sǫðull.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal m (definite singular salen, indefinite plural saler, definite plural salene)

  1. saddle

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse sal.

Noun[edit]

sal n

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1981; superseded by salg

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse salr, from Proto-Germanic *saliz.

Noun[edit]

sal m (definite singular salen, indefinite plural salar, definite plural salane)

  1. a large room in which parties and meetings and similar are held; a hall
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sǫðull, from Proto-Germanic *sadulaz.

Noun[edit]

sal m (definite singular salen, indefinite plural salar, definite plural salane)

  1. a saddle
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse sal (payment).

Noun[edit]

sal n (definite singular salet, indefinite plural sal, definite plural sala)

  1. a sale
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *sail, from Proto-Germanic *sailą (rope).

Cognate with Old Saxon sēl (Dutch zeel), Old High German seil (German Seil).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sāl m

  1. rope, cord, rein

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *salā.[1]

Noun[edit]

sal f (genitive saile)

  1. dirt
  2. filth, stain
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 92d12
      .i. ní do is ainm du grés pullutum dun elled ass·lentar huanaib salaib corpt[h]aib acht is ainm cac[h] la cein du cach escmun as·lentar hua drochgnimaib.
      It is not for that the term pollutum refers to pollution whereby one is defiled by bodily stains; other times, it is also a term for every impure one who is defiled by bad deeds.

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative salL sailL salaH
Vocative salL sailL salaH
Accusative sailN sailL salaH
Genitive saileH salL salN
Dative sailL salaib salaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sal ṡal unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*salā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 319

Further reading[edit]


Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin salem, accusative of sāl.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal f (plural sales)

  1. salt
    • c. 1250, Alfonso X, Lapidario, f. 61r.
      Et ſu ṕpriedat es de aborrecer la ſal tanto que bié parece que a entramas grand enemiztat. ca ſi las ponen en uno. quiebra la piedra ¬ mueles; ¬ la ſal pierde la ſalgadumbre que a en ella.
      And its property is that it loathes salt so much that it would seem that there is a great enmity between them both, for if they are placed together, the stone breaks, and the salt loses all the saltiness within.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Piedmontese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sāl, salem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal m or f

  1. salt

Portuguese[edit]

Saleiros com sal.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /ˈsaw/, [ˈsaʊ̯]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ˈsal/, [ˈsaɫ]

  • Hyphenation: sal
  • Rhymes: -al, -aw

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese sal, from Latin sāl, salem (salt, wit), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l- (salt).

Noun[edit]

sal m (plural sais)

  1. salt (sodium chloride, a substance used as a condiment and preservative)
    Synonyms: cloreto de sódio, sal de cozinha
  2. (chemistry) salt (any compound formed from the reaction of an acid with a base)
  3. (usually in the plural) bath salt (any of several inorganic salts sometimes added to bath water)
    Synonym: sal de banho
  4. (figuratively) wit; the quality of being engaging
    Synonym: graça
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal m (plural sais)

  1. (rare) sal (Shorea robusta, a dipterocarpaceous tree)

Rohingya[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal (Hanifi spelling 𐴏𐴝𐴓𐴢)

  1. roof

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish شال‎ (Turkish şal, from Persian شال(šāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal n (plural saluri)

  1. (rare) shawl, scarf
    Synonym: șal

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of salut.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

sal!

  1. (informal) hey!
  2. (informal) bye!
Synonyms[edit]

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sāl, salem., from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls.

Noun[edit]

sal m

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) salt

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsal/, [ˈsal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: sal

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Spanish sal, from Latin sāl, salem (compare Catalan sal f, French sel m, Italian sale m, Portuguese sal m, Romanian sare f), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l-, a root shared by English salt. It is not known how the noun became feminine.

Noun[edit]

sal f (plural sales)

  1. salt; table salt
    Synonyms: sal común, sal de mesa
  2. (chemistry) salt
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sal

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of salir.

Further reading[edit]


Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sal

  1. Romanization of 𒊩 (sal)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse salr, from Proto-Germanic *saliz, from Proto-Indo-European *sol-, *sel-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal c

  1. a large room (for dining or meetings)

Declension[edit]

Declension of sal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sal salen salar salarna
Genitive sals salens salars salarnas

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tocharian B[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sal

  1. dirty

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish صال(sal, raft; wine press). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

sal (definite accusative salı, plural sallar)

  1. raft

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish سل(sal, sel), from Arabic سَلَّ(salla, to draw, to unsheathe).

Verb[edit]

sal

  1. second-person singular imperative of salmak

References[edit]

  • Meninski, Franciszek à Mesgnien (1680), “sal”, in Thesaurus linguarum orientalium, Turcicae, Arabicae, Persicae, praecipuas earum opes à Turcis peculiariter usurpatas continens, nimirum Lexicon Turkico-Arabico-Persicum, Vienna, column 2647

Venetian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sāl, salem.

Noun[edit]

Venetian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia vec

sal m (plural sałi)

  1. salt (sodium chloride, non-chemical usage)

sal m (plural sali)

  1. (chemistry) salt

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

sal (nominative plural sals)

  1. salt

Declension[edit]