hall

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See also: háll, håll, Hall, häll, and Häll

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English halle, from Old English heall (hall, dwelling, house; palace, temple; law-court), from Proto-West Germanic *hallu, from Proto-Germanic *hallō (hall), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to hide, conceal).

Cognate with Scots hall, haw (hall), Dutch hal (hall), German Halle (hall), Norwegian hall (hall), Swedish hall (hall), Icelandic höll (palace), Latin cella (room, cell), Sanskrit शाला (śā́lā, house, mansion, hall).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall (plural halls)

  1. A corridor; a hallway.
    The drinking fountain was out in the hall.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 13, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      We tiptoed into the house, up the stairs and along the hall into the room where the Professor had been spending so much of his time.
  2. A meeting room.
    The hotel had three halls for conferences, and two were in use by the convention.
  3. A manor house (originally because a magistrate's court was held in the hall of his mansion).
    The duke lived in a great hall overlooking the sea.
  4. A building providing student accommodation at a university.
    The student government hosted several social events so that students from different halls would intermingle.
  5. The principal room of a secular medieval building.
  6. (obsolete) Cleared passageway through a crowd, as for dancing.
    • 1633 (first performance), Benjamin Jonson [i.e., Ben Jonson], “A Tale of a Tub. A Comedy []”, in The Workes of Benjamin Jonson. The Second Volume. [] (Second Folio), London: [] Richard Meighen, published 1640, OCLC 51546498, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals, and the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
      Then cry, a hall, a hall! Come, father Rosin, with your fiddle now.
  7. A place for special professional education, or for conferring professional degrees or licences.
    a Divinity Hall; Apothecaries' Hall
  8. (India) A living room.
  9. (Oxbridge) A college's canteen, which is often but not always coterminous with a traditional hall.
  10. (Oxbridge slang) A meal served and eaten at a college's hall.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: χολ (chol), χωλ (chol), χωλλ (choll)
  • Japanese: ホール (hōru)
  • Korean: (hol)
  • Russian: холл (xoll)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)kel- (compare English shallow, Middle High German hel (tired, weak), Ancient Greek σκέλλω (skéllō, to dry up), σκληρός (sklērós, hard, harsh)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall m (indefinite plural halle, definite singular halli, definite plural hallet)

  1. trouble

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “hall”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 141

Chinese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hall.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) assembly hall; auditorium
  2. (Hong Kong Cantonese) residence hall; dormitory

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English hall. Doublet of hal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall c (singular definite hallen, plural indefinite haller)

  1. hall (a corridor or a hallway)

Inflection[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *halla, from pre-Finnic *šalna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic [Term?]. Compare Latvian salna, Lithuanian šalna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall (genitive halla, partitive halla)

  1. frost
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *halli (compare Finnish halli), from Balto-Slavic. Compare Latvian salnis, Lithuanian šalnis (off-white, roan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hall (genitive halli, partitive halli, comparative hallim, superlative kõige hallim)

  1. grey (color)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Estonian · värvid (layout · text)
     valge      hall      must
             punane; karmiinpunane              oranž; pruun              kollane; kreem
             laimiroheline, kollakasroheline              roheline              mündiroheline; tumeroheline
             tsüaansinine, rohekassinine; sinakasroheline, siniroheline              taevasinine, taevassinine              sinine
             lilla, violetne; potisinine, indigosinine              fuksia, magentapunane; lilla, purpurne, purpurpunane              roosa

Etymology 3[edit]

German Halle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall (genitive halli, partitive halli)

  1. hall (large room or building)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English hall.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall m (plural halls)

  1. hall
    • 2018 July 6, Elh Kmer (lyrics), “Bonaparte”, in Antidote:
      Les keufs barodent
      Parce qu’ils barodent, j’suis caché dans l’hall
      The pigs walk around
      And because they walk around I am hidden in the hall
  2. lobby

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hall

  1. singular imperative of hallen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of hallen

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the conflation[1] of Proto-Uralic *kontale- (compare Old Hungarian hadl (hear), Mansi хӯнтли (hūntli), Finnish kuunnella) and Proto-Uralic *kule- (compare Mansi хӯлуӈкве (hūluňkve) and Finnish kuulla).

Verb[edit]

hall

  1. (intransitive) to hear (to perceive sounds through the ear)
  2. (transitive) to hear (to perceive with the ear)
    Hallottam egy hangot a szobából.I heard a sound from the room.
Usage notes[edit]

This verb is a member of one of those (few) quasi-homonymous verb pairs that exist both with and without an -ik ending. All (intransitive) suffixed forms of these pairs are identical (sometimes they can even have derived forms that coincide), with the exception of their dictionary form (the third-person singular indicative present, with or without -ik). However, the meaning of these pairs is usually distinct, sometimes unrelated. Examples include (fel)áldoz(le)áldozik, bánbánik, (meg)bíz(meg)bízik, érérik, esz (rare)eszik, hajolhajlik, (felül)múl(el)múlik, (hozzá)nyúlnyúlik, (el)vesz(el)veszik~(el)vész, and törtörik (along with their verbal prefixes), hallhallik (archaic), érezérzik (archaic), sometimes with some difference: (el)hibázhibádzik, (le)torkoltorkollik. Therefore one may well need to check the context and the arguments to ascertain which member of the verb pair is relevant.

Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from German Halle.[2]

Noun[edit]

hall (plural hallok)

  1. middle-sized, windowless room, entryway, hallway (in a private flat/apartment, with a size not smaller than 8 m² [86 sq ft], with space for people, but without affording them privacy due to its being an entry to other rooms)[3][4][5][6][7][8]
    Synonym: előtér
    Coordinate terms: szoba, helyiség, félszoba, alkóv, gardrób, előszoba, hálószoba, nappali
  2. lobby, foyer, lounge (e.g. in a hotel or an opera house)
    Synonyms: társalgó, előcsarnok
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative hall hallok
accusative hallt hallokat
dative hallnak halloknak
instrumental hallal hallokkal
causal-final hallért hallokért
translative hallá hallokká
terminative hallig hallokig
essive-formal hallként hallokként
essive-modal hallul hallokul
inessive hallban hallokban
superessive hallon hallokon
adessive hallnál halloknál
illative hallba hallokba
sublative hallra hallokra
allative hallhoz hallokhoz
elative hallból hallokból
delative hallról hallokról
ablative halltól halloktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
hallé halloké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
halléi hallokéi
Possessive forms of hall
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hallom halljaim
2nd person sing. hallod halljaid
3rd person sing. hallja halljai
1st person plural hallunk halljaink
2nd person plural hallotok halljaitok
3rd person plural halljuk halljaik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #386 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN
  3. ^ Az előszobát követő, a helyiségek előterét alkotó ablaktalan lakóhelyiség neve hall, melynek területe minimum 8 négyzetméter. Minden, amit tudni akartál a lakásokról…
  4. ^ Ablaktalan, 8-10 négyzetméternél nem kisebb helyiség, funkciója (…), hogy a belőle nyíló szobák külön bejáratát biztosítja. Nem tévesztendő össze az előszobával, mivel a hall nem feltétlenül a bejárati ajtó mögött helyezkedik el. Régi, polgári lakások gyakori elrendezése, hogy az előszobából rövid folyosó vezet a hallba. Ingatlanos kisszótár
  5. ^ Egy olyan ablaktalan helyiség, ahonnan ajtók nyílnak a többi szobába. (…) legalább 8‑10 négyzetméteres kell, hogy legyen, de (…) a panellakásokban ritkán érik el ezt a méretet. (…) olyan közlekedő, ami hasznosítható. Nem keverendő össze az előszobával, de legtöbbször az előszoba a hallba vezet. 20 ingatlanos kifejezés…
  6. ^ 'A legfőbb, minden kritikában visszaköszönő érv az volt, hogy a hallos lakás teljesen alkalmatlan gyermekes családok számára, mert nem teszi lehetővé a felnőttek és gyermekek, illetve ez utóbbiak esetében a lányok és fiúk egymástól elkülönített alvását. Az 1930-as évek új lakástípusa: a hallos lakás
  7. ^ <Városi típusú lakásokban> rendsz. a bejárat közelében levő, gyak. ablaktalan nagyobb helyiség, amelyből a többi helyiség nyílik, s amely az előszobával ellentétben tartózkodásra, vendégek fogadására is haszn. és lakható. From hall in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN, quoted below.
  8. ^ Lakásban (az előszoba után) a helyiségek előterét alkotó (ablaktalan) (lakó)helyiség. From hall in Pusztai, Ferenc (ed.). Magyar értelmező kéziszótár (’A Concise Explanatory Dictionary of Hungarian’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2003. →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • (to hear): hall in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (entryway): hall in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *halla, borrowed from Baltic. Cognates include Finnish halla.

Noun[edit]

hall

  1. frost

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hǫll.

Noun[edit]

hall m (definite singular hallen, indefinite plural haller, definite plural hallene)

  1. a hall (a building or very large room)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hǫll. Akin to English hall.

Noun[edit]

hall m (definite singular hallen, indefinite plural hallar, definite plural hallane)
hall f (definite singular halla, indefinite plural haller, definite plural hallene)

  1. a hall (a building or very large room)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hallr.

Noun[edit]

hall n (definite singular hallet, indefinite plural hall, definite plural halla)

  1. a slope, sloping terrain
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English hall.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

hall m (plural halls)

  1. (architecture) lobby; entrance hall (room in a building used for entry from the outside)

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English hall.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall m (plural halls)

  1. hall, lobby, lounge

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hǫll, from Proto-Germanic *hallō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel-. Compare English hall. Related to Latin cella and English cellar.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hall c

  1. a hallway
  2. a lounge
  3. a corridor
  4. an entryway
  5. short for any of the words:

Declension[edit]

Declension of hall 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hall hallen hallar hallarna
Genitive halls hallens hallars hallarnas

References[edit]

  1. ^ hall in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hallr. Cognate with Icelandic hallur.

Adjective[edit]

hall

  1. sloping, inclined, oblique
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hǫll, from Proto-Germanic *hallō.

Noun[edit]

hall f

  1. area where no particularly large forest exist