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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *ńomala (hare).[1] Cognates include Northern Sami njoammil, Tundra Enets наба (naba, hare), and Erzya нумоло (numolo, hare).


nyúl (plural nyulak)

  1. rabbit (mammal), hare
  2. a coward, shy person in the collocation gyáva nyúl (literally: shy rabbit)


Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative nyúl nyulak
accusative nyulat nyulakat
dative nyúlnak nyulaknak
instrumental nyúllal nyulakkal
causal-final nyúlért nyulakért
translative nyúllá nyulakká
terminative nyúlig nyulakig
essive-formal nyúlként nyulakként
inessive nyúlban nyulakban
superessive nyúlon nyulakon
adessive nyúlnál nyulaknál
illative nyúlba nyulakba
sublative nyúlra nyulakra
allative nyúlhoz nyulakhoz
elative nyúlból nyulakból
delative nyúlról nyulakról
ablative nyúltól nyulaktól
Possessive forms of nyúl
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. nyulam nyulaim
2nd person sing. nyulad nyulaid
3rd person sing. nyula nyulai
1st person plural nyulunk nyulaink
2nd person plural nyulatok nyulaitok
3rd person plural nyuluk nyulaik
Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words)


Etymology 2[edit]

From the same stem as nyújt +‎ -l (frequentative suffix).[2]



  1. (intransitive) to reach one's hand for something
Usage notes[edit]
  • This verb is a member of one of those (few) quasi-homonymous verb pairs that exist both with and without an -ik ending. All suffixed forms of these pairs are identical (sometimes they can even have derived forms that coincide), with the exception of their dictionary form (the third-person singular indicative present, with or without -ik), the transitive forms if one of them is transitive (if either, it is the one without -ik) as well as an optional first-person singular indicative present indefinite form of the -ik verb. However, the meaning of these pairs is often unrelated. Examples include bánbánik, (el)vesz(el)veszik, érérik, nyúlnyúlik, (meg)bíz(meg)bízik and törtörik (the latter two pairs with related meanings; tör[ik] along with their verbal prefixes). Therefore one may well need to check the context and the verb arguments to ascertain which member of the verb pair is relevant.
Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):



  1. ^ Entry #636 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN