bán

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbaːn]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bán

Etymology 1[edit]

From a Turkic language.

Verb[edit]

bán

  1. (transitive) to mind, to object to, to be bothered by (chiefly in negative constructions)
    Nem bánod, ha kinyitom az ablakot?Do you mind if I open the window?
    Nem bánnám, ha néha segítenél kitakarítani.I wouldn't mind if you helped me clean the house once in a while.
  2. (transitive) to regret
    Synonym: sajnál
Usage notes[edit]
  • This verb is a member of one of those (few) quasi-homonymous verb pairs that exist both with and without an -ik ending. All suffixed forms of these pairs are identical (sometimes they can even have derived forms that coincide), with the exception of their dictionary form (the third-person singular indicative present, with or without -ik), the transitive forms if one of them is transitive (if either, it is the one without -ik) as well as an optional first-person singular indicative present indefinite form of the -ik verb. However, the meaning of these pairs is often unrelated. Examples include bánbánik, (el)vesz(el)veszik, érérik, nyúlnyúlik, (meg)bíz(meg)bízik and törtörik (the latter two pairs with related meanings; tör[ik] along with their verbal prefixes). Therefore one may well need to check the context and the verb arguments to ascertain which member of the verb pair is relevant.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Hungarian ban (1146), from a South Slavic language; compare Serbo-Croatian bȃn/ба̑н (lord; ban), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

Noun[edit]

bán (plural bánok)

Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu
  1. ban (title in the historical Kingdom of Croatia and the Kingdom of Hungary)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bán bánok
accusative bánt bánokat
dative bánnak bánoknak
instrumental bánnal bánokkal
causal-final bánért bánokért
translative bánná bánokká
terminative bánig bánokig
essive-formal bánként bánokként
essive-modal
inessive bánban bánokban
superessive bánon bánokon
adessive bánnál bánoknál
illative bánba bánokba
sublative bánra bánokra
allative bánhoz bánokhoz
elative bánból bánokból
delative bánról bánokról
ablative bántól bánoktól
Possessive forms of bán
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bánom bánjaim
2nd person sing. bánod bánjaid
3rd person sing. bánja bánjai
1st person plural bánunk bánjaink
2nd person plural bánotok bánjaitok
3rd person plural bánjuk bánjaik
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish bán (white), from Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

Adjective[edit]

bán (genitive singular masculine báin, genitive singular feminine báine, plural bána, comparative báine)

  1. white
  2. blank
  3. (sexuality, LGBT) gay, homosexual
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural bána)

  1. white
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bán (present analytic bánann, future analytic bánfaidh, verbal noun bánadh, past participle bánta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of bánaigh (whiten; bleach; blanch; dawn; clear out, empty; lay waste, devastate)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish bán (untilled land, lea), from the adjective bán (white).

Noun[edit]

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural bánta)

  1. (geography) lea; grassland
  2. uncultivated land
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural báin)

  1. Alternative form of bábhún (walled enclosure, bawn; bailey; bulwark, breakwater)
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bán bhán mbán
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "bán" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • bán” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “bán” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “bán” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bán

  1. white
  2. pure

Inflection[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative bán bán bán
Vocative báin*
bán**
Accusative bán báin
Genitive báin báine báin
Dative bán báin bán
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative báin bána
Vocative bánu
bána
Accusative bánu
bána
Genitive bán
Dative bánaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bán bán
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbán
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • bán” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from (“half”).

Prefix[edit]

bán

  1. half-, semi-, hemi-
Compounds[edit]
Derived terms

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *paːɲʔ.

Verb[edit]

bán (𧸝)

  1. to sell
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms