gel

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See also: gél, Gel, GEL, and gęl

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Coined by Thomas Graham in the mid 19th century as a clipping of gelatin, from French gélatine, from Italian gelatina, diminutive form of gelata (iced), from Latin gelata, past participle of gelo (to freeze), from gelu (frost), from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel (countable and uncountable, plural gels)

  1. A semi-solid to almost solid colloid of a solid and a liquid, such as jelly, cheese or opal.
    • 2013 May-June, Charles T. Ambrose, “Alzheimer’s Disease”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 200:
      Similar studies of rats have employed four different intracranial resorbable, slow sustained release systems—surgical foam, a thermal gel depot, a microcapsule or biodegradable polymer beads.
  2. Any gel intended for a particular cosmetic use, such as for styling the hair.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

For more information on classification of colloids, see Wikipedia article on colloids

Verb[edit]

gel (third-person singular simple present gels, present participle gelling, simple past and past participle gelled)

  1. (transitive) To apply (cosmetic) gel to (the hair, etc).
    • 2017 June 3, Daniel Taylor, “Real Madrid win Champions League as Cristiano Ronaldo double defeats Juv”, in The Guardian (London)[1]:
      It ended, as it so often does, with that familiar smile. Cristiano Ronaldo – gelled hair, dazzling teeth, magic in his boots – will never forget the night he scored the 600th goal of an almost implausible career.
  1. (intransitive) To become a gel.
  2. (intransitive) To develop a rapport.
    • He was a nice guy, and I got on OK with his friends, but the two of us never really gelled.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Imitative of upper-class British pronunciation of girl.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel (plural gels)

  1. (Britain) A girl.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal, from Latin gelū, from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m (plural gels)

  1. ice

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m, n (plural gels)

  1. gel (suspension of solid in liquid)
  2. gel (cosmetic preparation)

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gel

  1. yellow

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gelū, from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold). For the sense of "gel", cf. English gel; compare gélatine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m (plural gels)

  1. frost
  2. gel (suspension of solid in liquid)
  3. gel (cosmetic preparation)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gel (comparative geler, superlative am gelsten)

  1. (archaic) Alternative spelling of gelb (yellow).

Declension[edit]


German Low German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gel

  1. Alternative spelling of geel

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel n (genitive singular gels, no plural)

  1. gel

Declension[edit]


Nalca[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel

  1. woman
  2. wife

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

gel

  1. Contraction of ge + le (I [] it)

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *gelos, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₂- (to shine).

Adjective[edit]

gel

  1. bright
  2. clear
  3. white

Declension[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative gel gel gel
Vocative gil*
gel**
Accusative gel gil
Genitive gil gile gil
Dative giul gil giul
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative gil gela
Vocative gilu
gela
Accusative gilu
gela
Genitive gel
Dative gelaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
gel gel
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ngel
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 gel” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gailaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰoylos (frothing, tempestuous, wanton). Cognate with Old English gāl, Dutch geil (salacious, lustful), Old High German geil (German geil (lustful)), Old Norse geiligr (beautiful).

Adjective[edit]

gēl (comparative gēloro, superlative gēlost)

  1. wanton, lustful; wicked

Declension[edit]





Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French gel, cf. English gel, gelatine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m (plural géis or geles (rare))

  1. gel (suspension of solid in liquid)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From gelatina or borrowed from French gel, cf. English gel, gelatine.

Noun[edit]

gel m (plural geles)

  1. gel

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English girl.

Noun[edit]

gel

  1. girl

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gel

  1. imperative of gelmek