gel

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See also: gél, Gel, GEL, gęl, and -gél

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Coined by Thomas Graham in the mid 19th century as a clipping of gelatin, from French gélatine, from Italian gelatina, diminutive form of gelata (iced), from Latin gelata, past participle of gelo (to freeze), from gelu (frost), from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel (countable and uncountable, plural gels)

  1. A semi-solid to almost solid colloid of a solid and a liquid, such as jelly, cheese or opal.
    • 2013 May-June, Charles T. Ambrose, “Alzheimer’s Disease”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 200:
      Similar studies of rats have employed four different intracranial resorbable, slow sustained release systems—surgical foam, a thermal gel depot, a microcapsule or biodegradable polymer beads.
  2. Any gel intended for a particular cosmetic use, such as for styling the hair.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

For more information on classification of colloids, see Wikipedia article on colloids

Verb[edit]

gel (third-person singular simple present gels, present participle gelling, simple past and past participle gelled)

  1. (transitive) To apply (cosmetic) gel to (the hair, etc).
    • 2017 June 3, Daniel Taylor, “Real Madrid win Champions League as Cristiano Ronaldo double defeats Juv”, in The Guardian (London)[1]:
      It ended, as it so often does, with that familiar smile. Cristiano Ronaldo – gelled hair, dazzling teeth, magic in his boots – will never forget the night he scored the 600th goal of an almost implausible career.
  2. (intransitive) To become a gel.
  3. (intransitive) To develop a rapport.
    He was a nice guy, and I got on OK with his friends, but the two of us never really gelled.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Imitative of upper-class British pronunciation of girl.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel (plural gels)

  1. (Britain) A girl.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan, from Latin gelū, from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m (plural gels)

  1. ice
    Synonym: glaç
  2. gel

Related terms[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German gël, from Old High German gelo, from Proto-West Germanic *gelu, from Proto-Germanic *gelwaz (yellow). Cognate with German gelb, English yellow.

Adjective[edit]

gel

  1. (Luserna) yellow

References[edit]

  • “gel” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m or n (plural gels)

  1. gel (suspension of solid in liquid)
  2. gel (cosmetic preparation)

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gel

  1. yellow

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gelū, from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold). For the sense of "gel", cf. English gel; compare gélatine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m (plural gels)

  1. frost
    Synonym: givre
  2. gel (suspension of solid in liquid)
  3. gel (cosmetic preparation)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gel (comparative geler, superlative am gelsten)

  1. (obsolete) Alternative spelling of gehl, alternative form of gelb (yellow)

Declension[edit]


German Low German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gel

  1. Alternative spelling of geel

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel n (genitive singular gels, no plural)

  1. gel

Declension[edit]


Nalca[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel

  1. woman
  2. wife

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

gel

  1. Contraction of ge + le (I [] it)

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *gelos, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₂- (to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gel

  1. bright
  2. clear
  3. white

Declension[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative gel gel gel
Vocative gil*
gel**
Accusative gel gil
Genitive gil gile gil
Dative giul gil giul
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative gil gela
Vocative gilu
gela
Accusative gilu
gela
Genitive gel
Dative gelaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: geal
  • Manx: gial
  • Scottish Gaelic: geal

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
gel gel
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ngel
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gailaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰoylos (frothing, tempestuous, wanton). Cognate with Old English gāl, Dutch geil (salacious, lustful), Old High German geil (German geil (lustful)), Old Norse geiligr (beautiful).

Adjective[edit]

gēl (comparative gēloro, superlative gēlost)

  1. wanton, lustful; wicked

Declension[edit]





Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French gel, cf. English gel, gelatine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m (plural géis or geles (rare))

  1. gel (suspension of solid in liquid)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From gelatina or borrowed from French gel, cf. English gel, gelatine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gel m (plural geles)

  1. gel (semi-solid colloid of a solid and a liquid)
  2. gel (cosmetic gel, especially body wash)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English girl.

Noun[edit]

gel

  1. girl

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gel

  1. second-person singular imperative of gelmek