le

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Contents

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French le.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

le

  1. (informal, humorous, chiefly Internet) the
    • 2001 June 24, LaManna, “My Weekend...”, in alt.punk, Usenet[1]:
      [] upon arrival, le girlfriend realizes she has left her ID back at my house (a 1 1/2 hour roundtrip on the Metro), []
    • 2002 December 27, Amelia, “Re: Neat things SANTA brought me...”, in alt.fashion, Usenet[2]:
      And then le boyfriend perks up and names around 8 different brands (Stila, MAC, Becca, Nars etc..) - I was *SO* proud of him!! :)
    • 2003 January 10, johnny dupe (quoting nowhere man), “Re: I can walk with jezus...”, in alt.fan.wings, Usenet[3]:
      That was always OUR song (me and le girlfriend of the time).

Related terms[edit]


Breton[edit]

Noun[edit]

le ? ‎(plural leou)

  1. vow

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illae, nominative feminine plural of ille.

Article[edit]

le f pl

  1. the

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

En le – a scythe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse (scythe).

Noun[edit]

le c (singular definite leen, plural indefinite leer)

  1. scythe (farm tool)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hlæja, from Proto-Germanic *hlahjaną.

Verb[edit]

le ‎(imperative le, present ler, past lo, past participle leet or let)

  1. laugh (show mirth by peculiar movement of the muscles of the face and emission of sounds)

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French le, from Latin illum, by dropping il- and -m. Latin illum is the accusative singular of ille.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

le m ‎(feminine la, masculine and feminine plural les)

  1. The (definite article).
    Le lait du matin — The milk of the morning.
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Volume I, Chapter IV:
      [J]e suis le valeureux don Quichotte de la Manche, le défaiseur de torts et le réparateur d’iniquités.
      ... I am the valiant Don Quixote of La Mancha, the undoer of wrongs and the repairer of iniquities.
  2. Used before abstract nouns; not translated in English.
  3. (before parts of the body) The; my, your, etc.
    Il s’est cassé la jambe — He has broken his leg.
  4. (before units) A, an.
    Cinquante kilomètres à l’heure — fifty kilometres an hour.

Usage notes[edit]

  • le becomes l’ before a vowel or an unaspirated h.
    l’amour — love.
    l’homme — the man.
  • de le is never used: contracted into du.
  • à le is never used: contracted into au.
    Il a une cicatrice au visage — He has a scar on the face or He has a scar on his face.
  • However, de le and à le become de l' and à l' respectively in front of a vowel or an unaspirated h.

Pronoun[edit]

le m ‎(feminine la, masculine and feminine plural les)

  1. (direct object) Him, it.
  2. (used to refer to something previously mentioned or implied; not translated in English).
    Je suis petit et lui, il l’est aussi — I am small and he is too ("he is it too", i.e., "he is small too").
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), “le, la, les”, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

External links[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

le ‎(third person feminine direct object)

  1. her

Related terms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

le

  1. inflection of ler:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

le (not comparable)

  1. down

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Italian le.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

le ‎(plural)

  1. the (used only when there is no other sign of plurality, for example with nominalized adjectives)
    Yen pomi, prenez le bona e lasez le mala.
    Here's apples, take the good ones and leave the bad ones.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

le ‎(plural le-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter L/l.

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Article[edit]

le

  1. the

Usage notes[edit]

  • de le is contracted into del.
  • a le is contracted into al.

Pronoun[edit]

le m ‎(plural les)

  1. him (direct object)
    Io le appella mi amico — I call him my friend.

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (superseded)

Etymology[edit]

From a conflation of two Early Modern Irish prepositions:

  1. re(to), from Old Irish fri, from Proto-Celtic *writ- (compare Welsh wrth, prefix gwrth-), from Proto-Indo-European *wert-(to turn) (compare Latin versus(against)).
  2. le(with), from Old Irish la, from Proto-Celtic *let-, from Proto-Celtic *letos(side) (compare leath, Welsh lled).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

le ‎(plus dative, triggers h-prothesis, before the definite article leis)

  1. with
    le héadach‎ ― with clothing
  2. used in conjunction with the copula particle is to indicate possession
    Is liomsa an hata‎ ― The hat is mine; the hat belongs to me
    Is le Cáit an peann luaidhe.‎ ― The pencil is Cáit’s; the pencil belongs to Cáit.
  3. to (indicating purpose; in this sense triggering eclipsis of ithe(eating) and ól(drinking))
    rud le n-ithe‎ ― something to eat
    oiriúnach le n-ól‎ ― fit to drink
    ró-the le n-ól‎ ― too hot to drink

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illae, which is the nominative plural feminine of ille.[1]

Article[edit]

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo
i
gli
feminine  la le

le f pl ‎(singular la)

  1. the
Usage notes[edit]
  • Contrary to la, le does not elide before words that begin with a vowel.

Pronoun[edit]

le f pl ‎(singular la)

  1. them (third-person plural feminine)
    Le ho viste — I saw them.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

le

  1. (dative) her, to her
    Le ho detto che la amo — I told her that I love her.
    Le ho dato la lettera — I gave her the letter or I gave the letter to her.
  2. (dative) you, to you
    Non Le ho detto il mio nome — I didn't tell you my name.
    Le ho dato la lettera — I gave you the letter or I gave the letter to you.
Usage notes[edit]
  • When le is used in the formal sense, it is usually capitalised as Le to avoid confusion with le meaning "her".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ISBN 88-15-08638-2, page 127

Lojban[edit]

Cmavo[edit]

le (article)

  1. returns a definite instance of an x1 sumti of the following word, which would otherwise function as a selbri; thus, "le" and the word which follows it together act like a sumti
    le tavla cu sutra tavla
    the talker talks fast
    la suzyn. pu dunda ti'u li rere boi pa le re cukta mi
    Susan gave, at 10 PM, one of the two books to me.

Usage notes[edit]

  • A sumti phrase begun with le ends with the cmavo ku unless no ambiguity results.
  • An "inner quantifier" indicates number of members in the group (which is the subject of the predication), whereas an "outer quantifier" indicates a portion of that number, so "le ci nanmu" would mean "the three men" whereas "ci le nanmu" would mean "three of the men", "ci le mu nanmu" would mean "three of the five men"; so, as a rough analogy, le could be said to act as a divider (whereas lo acts as a multiplier, according to the xorlo proposal).

Related terms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

le (Zhuyin ㄌㄜ˙)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of ,

le

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Meriam[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Rotuman.

Noun[edit]

le

  1. person

Middle French[edit]

Article[edit]

le m ‎(feminine la, masculine and feminine plural les)

  1. the

Descendants[edit]

  • French: le

Neapolitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

le

  1. Alternative form of 'e

Coordinate terms[edit]

Number Person Nominative Accusative Dative Reflexive Possessive Prepositional
singular first-person io (i') me mìo, mìa, mieje, meje me, méne
second-person, familiar tu te tùjo, tòja, tùoje, tòje te, téne
second-person, formal vuje ve vuósto, vósta, vuóste, vóste vuje
third-person, masculine ìsso 'o, 'u (lo, lu) 'i, 'e (li, le) se sùjo, sòja, sùoje, sòje ìsso
third-person, feminine éssa 'a (la) 'e (le) éssa
plural first-person nuje ce nuósto, nòsta, nuóste, nòste nuje
second-person, plural vuje ve vuósto, vòsta, vuóste, vòste vuje
third-person, masculine ìsse 'i, 'e (li, le) llòro se llòro (invariable) llòro
third-person, feminine llòro 'e (le)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hlé

Adjective[edit]

  • le ‎(indeclinable)
  1. lee or leeward (side)

Noun[edit]

le n

  1. lee (sheltered or leeward side)
  2. shelter

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hlæja(to laugh), from Proto-Germanic *hlahjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *klek-, *kleg-(to shout).

Verb[edit]

le ‎(imperative le, present tense ler, passive -, simple past lo, past participle ledd, present participle leende)

  1. to laugh

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hlé

Adjective[edit]

  • le ‎(indeclinable)
  1. lee or leeward (side)

Noun[edit]

le n

  1. lee (sheltered or leeward side)
  2. shelter

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hlæja(to laugh), from Proto-Germanic *hlahjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *klek-, *kleg-(to shout).

Verb[edit]

le

  1. to laugh
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]


Novial[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

le

  1. (s)he; him or her

Related terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • lo (9th century in The Sequence of Saint Eulalia and 10th century in La Vie de Saint Léger)

Article[edit]

le

  1. the (masculine singular oblique definite article)
  2. (Picardy, Anglo-Norman) the (feminine singular definite article)

Inflection[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

le

  1. it (masculine singular object pronoun)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illīs, dative common plural of ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -e

Pronoun[edit]

le m ‎(unstressed dative form of ei)

  1. (indirect object, third-person masculine plural) to them (all-male or mixed group)

Pronoun[edit]

le f ‎(unstressed dative form of ele)

  1. (indirect object, third-person feminine plural) to them (all-female group)

Pronoun[edit]

le m ‎(unstressed accusative form of ele)

  1. (direct object, third-person feminine plural) them (all-female group)

Related terms[edit]

  • lor (stressed dative of ei and ele)
  • ele (stressed accusative of ele)
  • îl (unstressed dative of el (singular))
  • îi (unstressed dative of ea (singular) and unstressed accusative of ei (masculine))
  • o (unstressed accusative of ea (singular))

Samoan[edit]

Article[edit]

le

  1. the (the definite article)

Usage notes[edit]

Only in the singular. Sometimes used where the indefinite article would be used in English.

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

le

  1. with
  2. by
  3. down
    thuit e leis a' chreig - he fell down the rock
    deòir a' ruith leis a h-aodann - eyes running down her face

Usage notes[edit]

  • This form is used before nouns without the definite article; before the definite article the form leis is used.

Derived terms[edit]

Person Number Prepositional pronoun Prepositional pronoun (emphatic)
Singular 1st leam leamsa
2nd leat leatsa
3rd m leis leis-san
3rd f leatha leathase
Plural 1st leinn leinne
2nd leibh leibhse
3rd leotha leothasan

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

le ‎(Cyrillic spelling ле)

  1. (archaic) only
    • 1556, Hanibal Lucić, U vrime ko čisto
      Nego se varteći dugo tuj zamani,
      Goro, le htih reći, zbogome ostani.

Related terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

  1. only, merely, just

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illī, dative of ille.

Pronoun[edit]

le

  1. To him, for him (dative of él)
    Mi mamá va a escribirle una carta a mi hermano. — My mom is going to write a letter to my brother.
  2. To her, for her (dative of ella)
    Le dio un beso a Ana. — He gave Ana a kiss.
  3. To it, for it (dative of ello)
    ¡Ponle esfuerzo! — Put some effort into it!
  4. To you, for you (formal; dative of usted)
    ¿A usted le gustan los caballos? — Do you like horses?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Though le is usually the indirect object form of the direct object pronouns lo/la, it is often used as a direct object as well...e.g., «yo le amo» (I love him). This phenomenon is known as leísmo.
  • Note that when a sentence contains a noun that is an indirect object, a redundant indirect object le (or its plural form les) is also required; for example «yo le daré el libro a Jorge» (literally, "I him will give the book to Jorge"), where him/le corresponds to Jorge. This type of pronoun is obligatory. Both of the object pronouns le and les become se when followed by the direct object lo/la/los/las; hence, «yo se lo daré» (I will give it to him/her/them) rather than «yo le/les lo daré».

See also[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Adjective[edit]

-le ‎(declinable)

  1. that (distal demonstrative adjective)

Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish lēia, lea, from Old Norse hlæja(to laugh), from Proto-Germanic *hlahjaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

le

  1. to smile
  2. (obsolete) to laugh

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Tarantino[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Article[edit]

le m pl, f pl

  1. the

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

le

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L/l.

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

le

  1. Soft mutation of lle.

Xhosa[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

le ‎(Class iii/iv)

  1. these

Determiner[edit]

le ‎(Class ix/x)

  1. this

Related terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Determiner[edit]

le

  1. these (class 4)
  2. this (class 9)

See also[edit]