don

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See also: Don, đơn, and DON

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin dominus, "lord", "head of household", akin to Spanish don and Italian dom; from domus, "house", + diminutive suffix -inus. Compare dominie.

Noun[edit]

don ‎(plural dons)

  1. A university professor, particularly one at Oxford or Cambridge.
  2. A mafia boss.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A contraction of Middle English do on. Compare also doff.

Verb[edit]

don ‎(third-person singular simple present dons, present participle donning, simple past and past participle donned)

  1. (clothing) to put on, to dress in
    To don one's clothes.
Antonyms[edit]
  • (put on clothes): doff
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish don, from Latin dominus ‎(lord).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

don m anim

  1. (in Italian environment) Originally a title of honour of the Pope, later used for all priests and later for aristocrats.
    don Giovanni
  2. Spanish noble title. [19th c.]
  3. title of respect in front of Spanish given names
    don José
  4. don (maffia boss)
    • 2003, Miroslav Nožina, Mezinárodní organizovaný zločin v České republice, Themis, ISBN 8073120186, page 156:
      Roku 1876 mafiánský don Raffaele Palizollo reformoval dosavadní strategii nevměšování se mafie do veřejného života.
      In 1876 mafia don Raffaele Palizollo reformed the previous strategy of mafia not interfering into public affairs.
    • 2012, Hana Pernicová (translator), Kolumbova záhada[1], Ostrava: Domino, translation of original by Steve Berry, ISBN 978-80-7303-743-7, page 412:
      Simon se zatvářil stejně jako drogový don před čtyřmi dny.
      Simon had the same expression as the drug mafia don four days ago.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "don" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, ISBN 978-80-7335-393-3, page 153.
  • "don" in Věra Petráčková, Jiří Kraus et al. Akademický slovník cizích slov. Academia, 1995, ISBN 80-200-0497-1, page 175.

External links[edit]

  • don in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • don in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Breton[edit]

Adjective[edit]

don

  1. deep

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin donum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

don m ‎(plural dons)

  1. gift, talent
  2. gift (present)
  3. donation

External links[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

don

  1. Contraction of do an.
    Thug mé don bhuachaill é. ― I gave it to the boy.
    Tá mé ag dul don Spáinn. ― I'm going to Spain.
Usage notes[edit]

This contraction is obligatory, i.e. *do an never appears uncontracted. It triggers lenition of a following consonant other than d, s, or t.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish don ‎(misfortune, evil).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

don

  1. misfortune
Usage notes[edit]

Used only in a few stock maledictions such as Do dhon is do dhuais ort!, Don is duais ort!, Mo dhon is mo dhograinn ort! (all basically "bad luck to you!") and Don d'fhiafraí ort! "Don't be so inquisitive!".

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
don dhon ndon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a shortening of an earlier donno, from dom'no (used by Dante), from Latin domnus < dominus.

Noun[edit]

don m ‎(inv)

  1. Father (a title given to priests)
  2. A title of respect to a man.

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

don

  1. rafsi of do.

Nigerian Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English done.

Verb[edit]

don

  1. have (perfect aspect auxiliary)
    Wi don chop = "We have eaten"

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

don

  1. you (thou)

Inflection[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*dʰeh₁-

From Proto-Germanic *dōną ‎(to do), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- ‎(to make, do, place). Cognate with Old Frisian dūa, duā, dwā (West Frisian dwaan), Old Saxon dōn, doan, duan, duon, Old Dutch duon (Dutch doen), Old High German tuon (German tun); and, outside the Germanic languages, with Ancient Greek τίθημι ‎(títhēmi), Latin faciō, Old Irish dorat (Irish déan), Old Church Slavonic дѣти ‎(děti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dōn

  1. to do

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: don
    • English: to do
    • Scots: dae

Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

don ?

  1. misfortune, evil

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*dʰeh₁-

From Proto-Germanic *dōną. Compare Old English dōn, Old Frisian dūa, duā, dwā, Old Dutch duon, Old High German tuon.

Verb[edit]

dōn

  1. to do

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

do + an

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

don

  1. to the (singular)
    Chaidh i don bhùth. - She went to the shop.
  2. for the (singular)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Without the definite article and in the plural the form do is used.
  • Lenites words beginning with b, c, f, g, m and p.

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin dom ‎(a courtesy title for monks and abbots), from domnus ‎(master, sir), from Classical Latin dominus, from domus ‎(a house), from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm ‎(a house), from root Proto-Indo-European *dem- ‎(to build)

Noun[edit]

don m ‎(plural dones, feminine doña)

  1. (obsolete) sir, master, lord
  2. A title of respect to a man, prefixed to Christian names
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin donum ‎(a gift), from do ‎(to give), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- ‎(to give)

Noun[edit]

don m ‎(plural dones)

  1. gift, present
  2. gift, talent, knack
See also[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

don n

  1. a tool, a means

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Turkic ton, from Proto-Turkic *tōn.

Noun[edit]

don

  1. underpants

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Turkic toŋ, from Proto-Turkic *tong, *doŋ.

Noun[edit]

don

  1. frost

Zazaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

don

  1. kind of bread