don

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin dominus (lord, head of household), akin to Spanish don and Italian don; from domus (house). Doublet of dom. Compare dominie.

Noun[edit]

don (plural dons)

  1. A university professor, particularly one at Oxford or Cambridge.
  2. An employee of a university residence who lives among the student residents.
  3. A mafia boss.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A contraction of Middle English do on (put on), from Old English dōn on. Compare also doff, dup, dout.

Verb[edit]

don (third-person singular simple present dons, present participle donning, simple past and past participle donned)

  1. (transitive, clothing) To put on, to dress in.
    To don one's clothes.
    • 1886-88, Burton, Richard Francis, The Supplemental Nights to the Thousand Nights and a Night:
      Now when he had reached the King's capital wherein was Alaeddin, he alighted at one of the Kháns; and, when he had rested from the weariness of wayfare, he donned his dress and went down to wander about the streets, where he never passed a group without hearing them prate about the pavilion and its grandeur and vaunt the beauty of Alaeddin and his lovesomeness, his liberality and generosity, his fine manners and his good morals.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (put on clothes): doff
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • do (Standard Albanian)

Etymology[edit]

Gheg variant of Standard Albanian do ((it) wants, needs, loves, likes) and do (you want, need, love, like).

Verb[edit]

don (first-person singular past tense dashta, participle dashtë) (Gheg forms)

  1. you want, need
  2. you like
  3. you love
  • Example (Gheg):
    • A don më shkue?
  1. it wants, needs
  2. it likes
  3. it loves
  • Example (Gheg):

Conjugation[edit]

  • Standard Albanian conjugation:

Related terms[edit]


Bambara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

don

  1. day

References[edit]


Breton[edit]

Adjective[edit]

don

  1. deep

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish don, which is from Latin dominus (lord).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

don m anim

  1. (in Italian environment) Originally a title of honour of the Pope, later used for all priests and later for aristocrats.
    don Giovanni
  2. Spanish noble title. [19th c.]
  3. title of respect in front of Spanish given names
    don José
  4. don (maffia boss)
    • 2003, Miroslav Nožina, Mezinárodní organizovaný zločin v České republice, Themis, →ISBN, page 156:
      Roku 1876 mafiánský don Raffaele Palizollo reformoval dosavadní strategii nevměšování se mafie do veřejného života.
      In 1876 mafia don Raffaele Palizollo reformed the previous strategy of mafia not interfering into public affairs.
    • 2012, Hana Pernicová (translator), Kolumbova záhada[1], Ostrava: Domino, translation of original by Steve Berry, →ISBN, page 412:
      Simon se zatvářil stejně jako drogový don před čtyřmi dny.
      Simon had the same expression as the drug mafia don four days ago.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dupaningan Agta[edit]

Noun[edit]

don

  1. leaf of a plant

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French don, from Latin dōnum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

don m (plural dons)

  1. gift, talent, knack
  2. gift (present)
  3. donation

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

don

  1. Contraction of do an.
    Thug mé don bhuachaill é.I gave it to the boy.
    Tá mé ag dul don Spáinn.I'm going to Spain.
Usage notes[edit]

This contraction is obligatory, i.e. *do an never appears uncontracted. It triggers lenition of a following consonant other than d, s, or t.

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish don (misfortune, evil).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

don

  1. misfortune
Usage notes[edit]

Used only in a few stock maledictions such as Do dhon is do dhuais ort!, Don is duais ort!, Mo dhon is mo dhograinn ort! (all basically "bad luck to you!") and Don d’fhiafraí ort! (Don’t be so inquisitive!).

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
don dhon ndon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a shortening of an earlier donno, from dom'no (used by Dante), from Latin domnus < dominus.

Noun[edit]

don m (inv)

  1. Father (a title given to priests)
  2. A title of respect to a man.

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

don

  1. Rōmaji transcription of どん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ドン

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English dōn, from Proto-Germanic *dōną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

don

  1. To do, perform (an activity)
  2. To complete, finish
  3. To make, create
  4. To put, place, position, raise
  5. To remove, take away
  6. To go or move (in a specified direction)
  7. To behave (in a specified manner
  8. (auxiliary) To cause (an action or state)
  9. (auxiliary) Emphasises the verb that follows it
  10. (auxiliary) Stands in for a verb in a dependent clause

Usage notes[edit]

As in modern English, several uses of this verb are highly idiomatic.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Scots: dae
  • English: do
  • Northumbrian: dee

References[edit]


Middle Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon dōn, from Proto-Germanic *dōną

Verb[edit]

dôn

  1. To do

Conjugation[edit]

Irregular: present 1sg , 2sg deist (dôst, dṏst), 3sg deit (dôt, dṏt), pl. dôn, dôt, dṏt, preterit 1sg dede, 2sg dêdest, 3sg dede, pl. dêden, past participle gedân, dân



Nigerian Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English done.

Verb[edit]

don

  1. have (perfect aspect auxiliary)
    Wi don chop = "We have eaten"

Northern Sami[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Samic *tonë.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈton/

Pronoun[edit]

don

  1. you (singular)
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of don (irregular)
Nominative don
Genitive
Nominative don
Genitive
Accusative
Illative dutnje
Locative dūs
Comitative duinna
Essive dūnin
See also[edit]
Personal pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person mun moai mii
2nd person don doai dii
3rd person son soai sii
Further reading[edit]
  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[2], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtoːn/

Determiner[edit]

dōn

  1. accusative/genitive singular of dōt

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dōną (to do), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to make, do, place). Cognate with Old Frisian dwā, Old Saxon dōn, Old Dutch duon, Old High German tuon. Non-Germanic cognates include Ancient Greek τίθημι (títhēmi), Latin faciō, Old Church Slavonic дѣти (děti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dōn

  1. to do
  2. refers back to an earlier verb, as with modern English do
  3. to make, cause
  4. to put
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, Matthew 26:52
      Þā cwæþ se Hǣlend tō him, " þīn sweord eft on his sċēaðe."
      Then Jesus said to him, "Put your sword back in its sheath."
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, Mark 7:33
      dyde his fingras on his ēaran.
      He put his fingers in his ears.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin donum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

don m (oblique plural dons, nominative singular dons, nominative plural don)

  1. gift

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Univerbation of di (of/from) +‎ in (the sg)

Article[edit]

don

  1. of/from the sg

Etymology 2[edit]

Univerbation of do (to/for) +‎ in (the sg)

Article[edit]

don

  1. to/for the sg

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

don (gender unknown)

  1. misfortune, evil
Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
don don
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *dōną. Compare Old English dōn, Old Frisian dwā, dūa, duā, Old Dutch duon, Old High German tuon.

Verb[edit]

dōn

  1. to do

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German: dôn
    • Low German: deoen (Paderbornisch), dohn (Münsterländisch); doon

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

do + an

Preposition[edit]

don

  1. to the (singular)
    Chaidh i don bhùth. - She went to the shop.
  2. for the (singular)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Without the definite article and in the plural the form do is used.
  • Lenites words beginning with b, c, f, g, m and p.

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin dom (a courtesy title for monks and abbots), from domnus (master, sir), from Classical Latin dominus, from domus (a house), from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm (a house), from root Proto-Indo-European *dem- (to build).

Noun[edit]

don m (plural dones, feminine doña, feminine plural doñas)

  1. (obsolete) sir, master, lord
  2. A title of respect to a man, prefixed to first names

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin donum (a gift) (whence English donation), from (I give), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (to give)

Noun[edit]

don m (plural dones)

  1. gift, present
  2. gift, talent, knack
    Cielos, tu tío realmente tiene un don para gastar todo su dinero en el casino, ¿no?
    Yikes, your uncle really has a knack for blowing all his money in the casino, doesn't he?
Usage notes[edit]

Like with the English word "knack", don can be used to describe a positive gift or talent, or a negative one like a bad habit or a neutral tendency to do something.

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

don n

  1. a tool, a means

Declension[edit]

Declension of don 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative don donet don donen
Genitive dons donets dons donens

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish طون(don), from Proto-Turkic *tōn.

Noun[edit]

don

  1. underpants

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish طوڭ(doñ), from Proto-Turkic *tong, *doŋ.

Noun[edit]

don

  1. frost

Verb[edit]

don

  1. second-person singular imperative of donmak

Related terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier con) don

  1. Atherurus macrourus, Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine
    Synonym: đon

Zazaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

don ?

  1. kind of bread

Zou[edit]

Verb[edit]

don

  1. drink

References[edit]