trí

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tʲɾʲiː/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : trí
    Ordinal : tríú
    Personal : triúr

From Old Irish trí, from Proto-Celtic *trīs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

trí

  1. three
Usage notes[edit]
  • May be used with nouns in both the singular and plural; triggers lenition of nouns in the singular and h-prothesis of nouns in the plural:
  • trí chatthree cats
  • trí troithethree feet
  • trí huairethree times
  • When used with the definite article, the definite article is always in the plural. When used with nouns modified by adjectives, the adjective is also in the plural and is always lenited after nouns in the singular but only lenites after nouns in the plural when they end in slender consonants:
  • trí chapall bhánathree white horses
  • na trí eaglais mhórathe three big churches
But:
  • trí capaill bhánathree white horses
  • na trí heaglaisí mórathe three big churches
  • With personal nouns, the personal form triúr is used.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish trí (through), from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥h₂- (zero-grade form) of *terh₂- (to pass through).

Preposition[edit]

trí (plus dative, triggers lenition, before the definite article in singular tríd)

  1. through
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
trí thrí dtrí
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *trīs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Old Irish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : trí
    Ordinal : tris

trí (feminine teoir)

  1. three

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: trí /t̪rʲi:/
  • Manx: three /t̪rʲi:/
  • Scottish Gaelic: trì /t̪rʲi:/

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
trí thrí trí
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • trí” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trí

  1. mind
  2. clever

Derived terms[edit]