trí

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : trí
    Ordinal : tríú
    Personal : triúr

From Old Irish trí, from Proto-Celtic *trīs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

trí

  1. three
Usage notes[edit]
  • May be used with nouns in both the singular and plural; the singular is more common in general, but the plural must be used with units of measurement and the like. Triggers lenition of nouns in the singular and h-prothesis of nouns in the plural:
  • trí chatthree cats
  • trí troithethree feet
  • trí huairethree times
  • When used with the definite article, the definite article is always in the plural. When used with nouns modified by adjectives, the adjective is also in the plural and is always lenited after nouns in the singular; after nouns in the plural, the adjective only lenites after slender consonants:
  • trí chapall bhánathree white horses
  • na trí eaglais mhórathe three big churches
But:
  • trí capaill bhánathree white horses
  • na trí heaglaisí mórathe three big churches
  • When referring to human beings, the personal form triúr is used.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish tre (through), from Proto-Celtic *trē (compare Welsh trwy), from Proto-Indo-European *terh₂- (to pass through)

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

trí (plus dative, triggers lenition, before the definite article in singular tríd)

  1. through
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
trí thrí dtrí
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þrír, from Proto-Norse ᚦᚱᛁᛃᛟᛉ (þrijoz) (feminine plural), from Proto-Germanic *þrīz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Compare Danish and Swedish tre, Icelandic þrír, Faroese tríggir, English three.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Setesdal) IPA(key): [tʰræɪ]

Numeral[edit]

trí m (feminine trjå, neuter trjú)

  1. (Setesdal) three
    ‘Er æ trí gúta, trjå jentu, å trjú bórd.
    There are three lads, three girls, and three tables.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *trīs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Old Irish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : trí
    Ordinal : tris
    Male personal : tríar

trí (feminine teoir)

  1. three

Inflection[edit]

Irregular numeral
Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative tríH teoir, téoraH tríL
Vocative
Accusative téoraH
Genitive tríN téoraN tríN
Dative trib téoraib trib
Notes Initial mutations of a following noun:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: trí
  • Manx: tree
  • Scottish Gaelic: trì

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
trí thrí trí
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trí

  1. mind
  2. clever

Derived terms[edit]