Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/tréyes

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : *tréyes
    Ordinal : *tritós[1]
    Prefix : *tri-

*tréyes

  1. three

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
masculine feminine
nominative *tréyes *tisres
genitive *tr̥yóHom *tisróHom
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *tréyes
vocative *tréyes
accusative *tríms
genitive *tr̥yóHom
ablative *trimós
dative *trimós
locative *trisú
instrumental *tribʰí
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *tisres
vocative *tisres
accusative *tisrm̥s
genitive *tisróHom
ablative *tisr̥mós
dative *tisr̥mós
locative *tisr̥sú
instrumental *tisr̥bʰí
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *tríh₂
vocative *tríh₂
accusative *tríh₂
genitive *tr̥yóHom
ablative *trimós
dative *trimós
locative *trisú
instrumental *tribʰí

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: *treje
  • Anatolian: *trḗs
    • Hittite: [script needed] (tri-), [script needed] (teri-janna-, the third time)
    • Lycian: 𐊗𐊕𐊁𐊆 (trei)
  • Armenian: [Term?]
  • Balto-Slavic: *tríjes
  • Celtic: *trīs (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *þrīz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *tréyes
  • Indo-Iranian: *tráyas (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *trēs (see there for further descendants)
  • Messapic: [Term?] (tri-)
  • Phrygian: θρί- (thrí-)
  • Tocharian: [Term?]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004, 2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell