Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dwóh₁

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Numeral[edit]

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : *dwóh₁
    Ordinal : *h₂énteros
    Adverbial : *dwís
    Fractional : *sēmi
    Prefix : *dwi-

*dwóh₁

  1. two

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *dwóh₁ *dwéh₂h₁(e)
genitive *? *?
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *dwóh₁
vocative *dwóh₁
accusative *dwóh₁
genitive *?
ablative *?
dative *?
locative *?
instrumental *?
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *dwéh₂h₁(e)
vocative *dwéh₂h₁(e)
accusative *dwéh₂h₁(e)
genitive *?
ablative *?
dative *?
locative *?
instrumental *?
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *dwóy(h₁)
vocative *dwóy(h₁)
accusative *dwóy(h₁)
genitive *?
ablative *?
dative *?
locative *?
instrumental *?

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Albanian: *duwō
    • Albanian: dy
  • Proto-Armenian: [Term?]
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *duwō (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic: *dwau (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *twai (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *dúwō (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *dwáH (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *duō (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian: [Term?]
    • Tocharian A: wu, we
    • Tocharian B: wi

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vitium”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 684
  • Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN