Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/oḱtṓw

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Formally the dual of a stem *(H)oḱto- (four fingers). This erstwhile singular seems to appear in Avestan 𐬀𐬱𐬙𐬌(ašti-, breadth of four fingers).

Numeral[edit]

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : *oḱtṓw

*oḱtṓw or *h₁oḱtṓw

  1. eight

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: *aktṓ
    • Albanian: tetë
  • Anatolian: [Term?]
  • Armenian: [Term?]
  • Balto-Slavic: *aśtō
  • Celtic: *oxtū (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *ahtōu (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *oktṓ
    • Ancient Greek: ὀκτώ (oktṓ) (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *Haštā́
    • Indo-Aryan: *Haṣṭā́
      • Sanskrit: अष्ट (aṣṭá) (see there for further descendants)
    • Iranian: *Haštā́
      • Central Iranian
      • Eastern Iranian
        • Northeastern Iranian
          • Ossetian: аст (ast)
          • Sogdo-Bactrian
            • Bactrian: αταο (atao)
            • Khwarezmian: [script needed] (ʾšt /āšt/)
            • Sogdic: [Term?]
              • Sogdian: [script needed] (əšt(a))
              • Yagnobi: ашт (ašt)
        • Southeastern Iranian
      • Western Iranian
        • Northwestern Iranian
          • Baluchi: [script needed] (hašt)
          • Kurdish: heşt
          • Medo-Parthian: [Term?]
        • Southwestern Iranian
  • Italic: *oktō
    • Latin: octō (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *óktä
  • Kartvelian: *otxo- (see there for further descendants)