Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/oḱtṓw

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Formally the dual of a stem *(H)oḱto- (four fingers). This erstwhile singular seems to appear in Avestan 𐬀𐬱𐬙𐬌-(ašti-, breadth of four fingers).

Numeral[edit]

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : *oḱtṓw
    Ordinal : *oḱtowós[1]

*oḱtṓw or *h₁oḱtṓw

  1. eight

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: *aktṓ (see there for further descendants)
  • Anatolian: [Term?]
  • Armenian: [Term?]
  • Balto-Slavic: *aśtṓ
  • Celtic: *oxtū (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *ahtōu (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *oktṓ (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *Haštā́ (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *oktō (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *óktä (see there for further descendants)
  • Kartvelian: *otxo- (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004, 2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell