vitium

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *wi-tyo-, from *wey-(guilt, vice, fault).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vitium n ‎(genitive vitiī); second declension

  1. crime
  2. vice
  3. fault, defect, blemish, error

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vitium vitia
genitive vitiī vitiōrum
dative vitiō vitiīs
accusative vitium vitia
ablative vitiō vitiīs
vocative vitium vitia

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vitium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vitium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • VITIUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.vitium”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a mistake, solecism: vitium orationis, sermonis or simply vitium
    • to be indulgent to a person's faults: indulgere vitiis alicuius
    • to be virtuous: virtute praeditum, ornatum esse (opp. vitiis obrutum esse)
    • his vices betray themselves: vitia erumpunt (in aliquem) (De Amic. 21. 76)
    • to abandon oneself to vice: animum vitiis dedere
    • to be tainted with vice: vitiis, sceleribus contaminari or se contaminare (Off. 3. 8. 37)
    • to be vicious, criminal: vitiis, sceleribus inquinatum, contaminatum, obrutum esse
    • to eradicate vice: vitia exstirpare et funditus tollere
    • a life defiled by every crime: vita omnibus flagitiis, vitiis dedita
    • to have a natural propensity to vice: natura proclivem esse ad vitia
    • (ambiguous) the word aemulatio is employed with two meanings, in a good and a bad sense: aemulatio dupliciter dicitur, ut et in laude et in vitio hoc nomen sit
    • (ambiguous) to be free from faults: omni vitio carere
    • (ambiguous) magistrates elected irregularly (i.e. either when the auspices have been unfavourable or when some formality has been neglected): magistratus vitio creati
    • (ambiguous) to reproach, blame a person for..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vitio vertere (Verr. 5. 50)