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See also: nóxa




  1. (medicine) Anything that exerts a harmful influence, such as trauma, poison, etc.



From Proto-Indo-European suffixed o-grade *noks- of *neḱ- ‎(perish, disappear); see also Middle Welsh angheu ‎(death), Breton ankou, Old Irish éc, Latin noxius ‎(harmful), Latin nocere ‎(to hurt, harm), Latin nex ‎(murder, violent death) (as opposed to mors), Old Persian 𐎻𐎴𐎰𐎹𐎫𐎹 ‎(vi-nathayatiy, he injures), Avestan 𐬥𐬀𐬯𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬌𐬙𐬌 ‎(nasyeiti, disappears), 𐬥𐬀𐬯𐬎 ‎(nasu-, corpse), Sanskrit नश्यति ‎(naśyati, disappear, perish).


noxa f ‎(genitive noxae); first declension

  1. hurt, harm, injury
  2. fault, offence, crime


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative noxa noxae
genitive noxae noxārum
dative noxae noxīs
accusative noxam noxās
ablative noxā noxīs
vocative noxa noxae


  • noxa in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • noxa in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • noxa in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • noxa in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • noxa in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin