vulnus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin

Noun[edit]

vulnus ‎(plural vulnera)

  1. (medicine, formal) A wound.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
      I was once, I remember, called to a patient who had received a violent contusion in his tibia, by which the exterior cutis was lacerated, so that there was a profuse sanguinary discharge; and the interior membranes were so divellicated, that the os or bone very plainly appeared through the aperture of the vulnus or wound.
    • 1999, Acta classica (volumes 42-43, page 89)
      But for the veterans in the Pannonian legions, their vulnera were no longer their tokens of honour, but an indication of the severity of service in the army.

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Maybe from Proto-Indo-European *welh₂-(to tear up). Cognate with Latin vellō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vulnus n ‎(genitive vulneris); third declension

  1. wound, injury

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vulnus vulnera
genitive vulneris vulnerum
dative vulnerī vulneribus
accusative vulnus vulnera
ablative vulnere vulneribus
vocative vulnus vulnera

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • vulnus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • VULNUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.vulnus”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to wound a person (also used metaphorically): vulnus infligere alicui
    • to be (seriously, mortally) wounded: vulnus (grave, mortiferum) accipere, excipere
    • after many had been wounded on both sides: multis et illatis et acceptis vulneribus (B. G. 1. 50)
    • weakened by wounds: vulneribus confectus
    • to open an old wound: refricare vulnus, cicatricem obductam
    • to die of wounds: ex vulnere mori (Fam. 10. 33)
    • the victory cost much blood and many wounds, was very dearly bought: victoria multo sanguine ac vulneribus stetit (Liv. 23. 30)
    • (ambiguous) wounds (scars) on the breast: vulnera (cicatrices) adversa (opp. aversa)
    • (ambiguous) wounds (scars) on the breast: vulnera adverso corpore accepta