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vulnus (plural vulnera)

  1. (medicine, formal) A wound.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. In Six Volumes, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: Printed by A[ndrew] Millar, [], OCLC 928184292:
      I was once, I remember, called to a patient who had received a violent contusion in his tibia, by which the exterior cutis was lacerated, so that there was a profuse sanguinary discharge; and the interior membranes were so divellicated, that the os or bone very plainly appeared through the aperture of the vulnus or wound.
    • 1999, Acta classica (volumes 42-43, page 89)
      But for the veterans in the Pannonian legions, their vulnera were no longer their tokens of honour, but an indication of the severity of service in the army.

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Maybe from Proto-Indo-European *welh₃- (to hit). Cognate with Latin vellō.



vulnus n (genitive vulneris); third declension

  1. wound, injury


Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vulnus vulnera
Genitive vulneris vulnerum
Dative vulnerī vulneribus
Accusative vulnus vulnera
Ablative vulnere vulneribus
Vocative vulnus vulnera

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  • vulnus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vulnus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vulnus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to wound a person (also used metaphorically): vulnus infligere alicui
    • to be (seriously, mortally) wounded: vulnus (grave, mortiferum) accipere, excipere
    • after many had been wounded on both sides: multis et illatis et acceptis vulneribus (B. G. 1. 50)
    • weakened by wounds: vulneribus confectus
    • to open an old wound: refricare vulnus, cicatricem obductam
    • to die of wounds: ex vulnere mori (Fam. 10. 33)
    • the victory cost much blood and many wounds, was very dearly bought: victoria multo sanguine ac vulneribus stetit (Liv. 23. 30)
    • (ambiguous) wounds (scars) on the breast: vulnera (cicatrices) adversa (opp. aversa)
    • (ambiguous) wounds (scars) on the breast: vulnera adverso corpore accepta