casus

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See also: casûs and ĉasus

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin casus(chance, event), the past participle of cadō(to fall, happen).

Noun[edit]

casus m ‎(plural casussen or casus, diminutive casusje n)

  1. A case, occurrence, instance, especially used for a reference or teaching example and for a legal case
  2. (grammar) A case, (instance of) grammatical case
  3. A coincidence

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of cadō(I fall). The grammatical sense originated as a literal translation or calque of Ancient Greek πτῶσις(ptôsis).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

cāsus m ‎(feminine cāsa, neuter cāsum); first/second declension

  1. fallen; having fallen

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative cāsus cāsa cāsum cāsī cāsae cāsa
genitive cāsī cāsae cāsī cāsōrum cāsārum cāsōrum
dative cāsō cāsō cāsīs
accusative cāsum cāsam cāsum cāsōs cāsās cāsa
ablative cāsō cāsā cāsō cāsīs
vocative cāse cāsa cāsum cāsī cāsae cāsa

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cāsus m ‎(genitive cāsūs); fourth declension

  1. fall, downwards movement
  2. accident, chance
  3. an event, happening, occurrence
  4. misfortune, disaster, accident
  5. (grammar) A case, termination

Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cāsus cāsūs
genitive cāsūs cāsuum
dative cāsuī cāsibus
accusative cāsum cāsūs
ablative cāsū cāsibus
vocative cāsus cāsūs

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • casus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • casus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • CASUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.casus”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to foresee the far distant future: futura or casus futuros (multo ante) prospicere
    • by some chance or other: nescio quo casu (with Indic.)
    • the changes and chances of this life: ancipites et varii casus
    • to have to submit to the uncertainties of fortune; to be subject to Fortune's caprice: sub varios incertosque casus subiectum esse
    • to experience the ups and downs of life: multis casibus iactari
    • to be prepared for all that may come: ad omnes casus subsidia comparare
    • to prepare oneself for all contingencies: ad omnes casus se comparare
    • to foresee political events long before: longe prospicere futuros casus rei publicae (De Amic. 12. 40)
    • (ambiguous) affairs are desperate; we are reduced to extremeties: res ad extremum casum perducta est
  • casus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • casus in William Smith., editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic جَاسُوس(jāsūs).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

casus ‎(definite accusative casusu, plural casuslar)

  1. spy

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]