malum

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin malum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

malum (plural malums)

  1. (formal) An evil or wrongdoing.
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • malum at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • malum in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911

Etymology 2[edit]

Related to Arabic مُعَلِّم(muʿallim, teacher).

Noun[edit]

malum (plural malums)

  1. (India, nautical, historical) The mate serving on a ship with English officers and native crew.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From malus (evil, wicked).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

malum

  1. inflection of malus:
    1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular
    2. accusative masculine singular

Noun[edit]

malum n (genitive malī); second declension

  1. an evil, misfortune, calamity
    Synonyms: plāga, īnfortūnium, calamitās, cāsus, cruciātus, miseria, vulnus, nūbēs, pestis
  2. punishment, harm, injury, torment, misery
    • 8 CE – 12 CE, Ovid, Tristia 1.40:
      nūbila sunt subitīs tempora nostra malīs
      my days are clouded by sudden miseries
    Synonyms: cruciātus, pūnītiō, mercēs, poena, supplicium, vindicātiō, vindicta, animadversus, exemplum, sānctiō, pretium, noxa
  3. disease, illness, infirmity
    Synonyms: aegritūdō, morbus, pestis, valētūdō, labor, infirmitas, incommodum
    Antonyms: salūs, valētūdō
  4. wrong-doing
    Synonyms: culpa, dēlictum, peccātum, scelus, vitium, noxa, crīmen, facinus, iniūria, error, dēlinquentia, maleficium
    Antonyms: bonum, rēctum, virtūs
  5. (in the plural) bad words
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative malum mala
Genitive malī malōrum
Dative malō malīs
Accusative malum mala
Ablative malō malīs
Vocative malum mala
Descendants[edit]
  • French: mal
  • English: malum
  • Spanish: malo

Interjection[edit]

malum

  1. damn!, fuck!, alas!, misery!
    • c. 200 BCE, Plautus, Menaechmi 2.3.389.390:
      Erotium: Certo, tibi et parasito tuo.
      Sosicles: Quoi, malum, parasito? Certo haec mulier non sana est satis.
      Certainly you did, for yourself and your parasite."
      "For whom? Fuck, parasite? Surely this woman isn't quite right in her senses.

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

māla rubra (red apples)

Borrowed from Doric Greek μᾶλον (mâlon, apple).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mālum n (genitive mālī); second declension

  1. apple (fruit)
  2. the plant Aristolochia
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mālum māla
Genitive mālī mālōrum
Dative mālō mālīs
Accusative mālum māla
Ablative mālō mālīs
Vocative mālum māla
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • malum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • malum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • malum in Dizionario Latino, Olivetti
  • malum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • malum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to be broken down by misfortune: in malis iacere
    • (ambiguous) to be hard pressed by misfortune: malis urgeri
    • (ambiguous) to deserve ill of a person; to treat badly: male mereri de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bene, male audire (ab aliquo)
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to inculcate good (bad) principles: bene (male) praecipere alicui
    • (ambiguous) moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • (ambiguous) my mind forebodes misfortune: animus praesāgit malum
    • (ambiguous) my mind forebodes misfortune: animo praesagio malum
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: conscientia mala or peccatorum, culpae, sceleris, delicti
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: animus male sibi conscius
    • (ambiguous) to be tormented by remorse: conscientia mala angi, excruciari
    • (ambiguous) a moral (immoral) man: homo bene (male) moratus
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) to manage one's affairs, household, property well or ill: rem bene (male) gerere (vid. sect. XVI. 10a)
    • (ambiguous) from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
    • (ambiguous) to buy dearly: magno or male emere
    • (ambiguous) to win, lose a fight (of the commander): rem (bene, male) gerere (vid. sect. XII. 2, note rem gerere...)
    • (ambiguous) I am sorry to hear..: male (opp. bene) narras (de)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish معلوم(ma'lum), from Arabic مَعْلُوم(maʿlūm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /maː.ˈlum/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧lum
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Adjective[edit]

malum

  1. known, certain
  2. (algebra, obsolete) known

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

malum

  1. as you know

Noun[edit]

malum (definite accusative malumu, plural malumlar)

  1. (grammar, obsolete) active voice

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]