poena

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Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

poena

  1. essive singular of pood

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, penalty, fine, bloodmoney).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poena f (genitive poenae); first declension

  1. penalty
  2. punishment
  3. (figuratively) execution

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative poena poenae
Genitive poenae poenārum
Dative poenae poenīs
Accusative poenam poenās
Ablative poenā poenīs
Vocative poena poenae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: pena
  • Old French: peine
  • Galician: pena
  • Italian: pena
  • Ladin: peina, pena
  • Occitan: pena
  • Old Portuguese: pẽa

Further reading[edit]

  • poena in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • poena in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • poena in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • poena in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to revenge oneself on some one: ulcisci aliquem, poenas expetere ab aliquo
    • to revenge oneself for a thing: ulcisci aliquid, poenas alicuius rei expetere
    • to revenge oneself on another for a thing or on some one's behalf: poenas alicuius or alicuius rei repetere ab aliquo
    • to punish some one: poena afficere aliquem (Off. 2. 5. 18)
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenas alicuius persequi
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenam petere, repetere ab aliquo
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenas expetere ab aliquo
    • to ordain as punishment that..: hanc poenam constituere in aliquem, ut...
    • to be (heavily) punished by some one: poenas (graves) dare alicui
    • to be punished by some one (on account of a thing): poenas alicui pendere (alicuius rei)
    • to suffer punishment: poenas dependere, expendere, solvere, persolvere
    • to suffer punishment: poenam (alicuius rei) ferre, perferre
    • to be punished for a thing, expiate it: poenam luere (alicuius rei) (Sull. 27. 76)
    • to submit to a punishment: poenam subire
  • poena in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • poena in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • poena in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • poena in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

poena

  1. inflection of poeni:
    1. second-person singular imperative
    2. (literary) third-person singular present indicative/future
    3. (colloquial) first-person singular future

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
poena boena mhoena phoena
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.