merces

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From merx (merchandise)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mercēs f (genitive mercēdis); third declension

  1. pay, wages, reward
    Beati estis cum maledixerint vobis, et persecuti vos fuerint, et dixerint omne malum adversum vos mentientes, propter me: gaudete, et exultate, quoniam merces vestra copiosa est in caelis.
    Blessed are ye, when men shall curse you, and persecute you, and, lying, speak all ill of you, because of me: rejoice, and exult, for your reward is abundant in heaven. — Vulgate, Mt 5, 11-12.
  2. rent
  3. bribe

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mercēs mercēdēs
genitive mercēdis mercēdum
dative mercēdī mercēdibus
accusative mercēdem mercēdēs
ablative mercēde mercēdibus
vocative mercēs mercēdēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

mercēs

  1. nominative plural of merx
  2. accusative plural of merx
  3. vocative plural of merx

References[edit]

  • merces in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • merces in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “merces”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • merces” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be hired, suborned: mercede conductum esse
    • (ambiguous) the stipulated reward for anything: pacta merces alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to set out goods for sale: exponere, proponere merces (venales)
  • mercenary in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911