praemium

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See also: præmium

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From prae- (before) + emō (acquire, obtain), i.e. "what one has got before or better than others".

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

praemium n (genitive praemiī or praemī); second declension

  1. profit derived from booty, booty
  2. profit, advantage, prerogative, distinction
  3. prize, reward, recompense
    Synonyms: mercēs, stīpendium, pretium, datum, donum, oblātiō, commodum
    • Spinoza, Ethica Liber V:
      Beatitudo non est virtutis praemium, sed ipsa virtus.
      Happiness is not a reward of virtue, but is a virtue itself.
  4. bribe, bribery

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative praemium praemia
Genitive praemiī
praemī1
praemiōrum
Dative praemiō praemiīs
Accusative praemium praemia
Ablative praemiō praemiīs
Vocative praemium praemia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • praemium”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • praemium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • praemium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to remunerate (handsomely): praemiis (amplissimis, maximis) aliquem afficere
    • to reward a man according to his deserts: meritum praemium alicui persolvere
    • (to encourage) by offering a reward: praemium exponere or proponere
    • to offer a prize (for the winner): praemium ponere