pretium

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *preti- ‎(back) (in the sense of recompense, compensation).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pretium n ‎(genitive pretiī or pretī); second declension

  1. worth, price, value, cost
  2. pay, hire, wage, reward
  3. ransom
  4. bribe
  5. punishment

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pretium pretia
genitive pretiī
pretī1
pretiōrum
dative pretiō pretiīs
accusative pretium pretia
ablative pretiō pretiīs
vocative pretium pretia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pretium in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pretium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PRETIUM” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pretium” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • it is worth while: operae pretium est (c. Inf.)
    • to fix a price for a thing: pretium alicui rei statuere, constituere (Att. 13. 22)
    • (ambiguous) to buy cheaply: parvo, vili pretio or bene emere
    • (ambiguous) to restore prisoners without ransom: captivos sine pretio reddere