cost

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English cost, from Old English cost (option, choice, possibility, manner, way, condition), from Old Norse kostr (choice, opportunity, chance, condition, state, quality), from Proto-Germanic *kustuz (choice, trial) (or Proto-Germanic *kustiz (choice, trial)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵéwstus (to enjoy, taste).

Cognate with Icelandic kostur, German dialectal Kust (taste, flavour), Dutch kust (choice, choosing), North Frisian kest (choice, estimation, virtue), West Frisian kêst (article of law, statute), Old English cyst (free-will, choice, election, the best of anything, the choicest, picked host, moral excellence, virtue, goodness, generosity, munificence). Related to choose.

Noun[edit]

cost (plural costs)

  1. Manner; way; means; available course; contrivance.
    at all costs (= "by all means")
  2. Quality; condition; property; value; worth; a wont or habit; disposition; nature; kind; characteristic.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English cost, coust, from costen (to cost), see below.

Noun[edit]

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Wikipedia

cost (plural costs)

  1. Amount of money, time, etc. that is required or used.
    • 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 55: 
      According to this saga of intellectual-property misanthropy, these creatures [patent trolls] roam the business world, buying up patents and then using them to demand extravagant payouts from companies they accuse of infringing them. Often, their victims pay up rather than face the costs of a legal battle.
    The total cost of the new complex was an estimated $1.5 million.
    We have to cut costs if we want to avoid bankruptcy.
    The average cost of a new house is twice as much as t was 20 years ago.
  2. A negative consequence or loss that occurs or is required to occur.
    There were many costs to the development project, the least of all was the financial aspect.
    If you train all the time, there will be a few costs such as a lack of free time.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English costen, from Old French coster, couster (to cost), from Medieval Latin costare, from Latin constare (stand together, stand at, cost), from com- + stare (stand).

Verb[edit]

cost (third-person singular simple present costs, present participle costing, simple past and past participle cost or costed) See Usage notes.

  1. To incur a charge; to require payment of a price.
    This shirt cost $50, while this was cheaper at only $30.
    It will cost you a lot of money to take a trip around the world.
  2. To cause something to be lost; to cause the expenditure or relinquishment of.
    Trying to rescue the man from the burning building cost them their lives.
    • Shakespeare
      though it cost me ten nights' watchings
  3. (obsolete) To require to be borne or suffered; to cause.
    • Milton
      to do him wanton rites, which cost them woe
  4. To calculate or estimate a price.
    I'd cost the repair work at a few thousand.
Usage notes[edit]

The past tense and past participle is cost in the sense of "this computer cost me £600", but costed in the sense of 'calculated', "the project was costed at $1 million."

Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

cost (plural costs)

  1. (obsolete) A rib; a side.
    • Ben Jonson
      betwixt the costs of a ship
  2. (heraldry) A cottise.

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

cost m (plural costs or costos)

  1. cost

Related terms[edit]


Manx[edit]

Noun[edit]

cost m (genitive cost, plural costyn)

  1. charge (monetary)

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Germanic *kust-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵews- (to choose). Akin to Old Saxon kostōn (to try, tempt), Old High German kostōn (to taste, test, try by tasting) (German kosten), Icelandic kosta (to try, tempt), Gothic 𐌺𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃 (kustus, test), Old English cystan (to spend, get the value of, procure), Old English cyst (proof, test, trial; choice), ċēosan (to choose). More at choose.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cost m

  1. option, choice; possibility
  2. condition, manner, way
    þæs costes þe (on the condition that)

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cost

  1. chosen, choice
  2. tried, proven; excellent

Declension[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

cost m (oblique plural cosz, nominative singular cosz, nominative plural cost)

  1. cost; financial outlay

Related terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

cost m, f (plural costau)

  1. cost
  2. expense