kos

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Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kost.

Noun[edit]

kos (plural kosse, diminutive kossie)

  1. food

Usage notes[edit]

The diminutive singular is rarely used, while the diminutive plural, kossies, is more commonly found in language used for infants and small children.


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a South Slavic language, compare Old Church Slavonic квасъ (kvasŭ, sour dough, sour drink), archaic Serbo-Croatian квас (yeast), Slovene kvas (yeast). Ultimately from Proto-Slavic *kvasъ (leaven, fermented drink).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos m (indefinite plural kosë, definite singular kosi, definite plural kosët)

  1. yogurt

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “kos”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 192

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Noun[edit]

kos m anim

  1. blackbird

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. genitive plural of kosa

Verb[edit]

kos

  1. second-person singular imperative of kosit

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos c

  1. indefinite genitive singular of ko

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkoːs/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

kos

  1. second-person singular imperative of kosen

Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

kôs m

  1. trump card

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from a Turkic language before the times of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin (at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries). Compare Turkish koç.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos (plural kosok)

  1. ram, tup (a male sheep)
  2. tup (the head of a hammer, and particularly of a steam-driven hammer)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kos kosok
accusative kost kosokat
dative kosnak kosoknak
instrumental kossal kosokkal
causal-final kosért kosokért
translative kossá kosokká
terminative kosig kosokig
essive-formal kosként kosokként
essive-modal
inessive kosban kosokban
superessive koson kosokon
adessive kosnál kosoknál
illative kosba kosokba
sublative kosra kosokra
allative koshoz kosokhoz
elative kosból kosokból
delative kosról kosokról
ablative kostól kosoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kosé kosoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
koséi kosokéi
Possessive forms of kos
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kosom kosaim
2nd person sing. kosod kosaid
3rd person sing. kosa kosai
1st person plural kosunk kosaink
2nd person plural kosotok kosaitok
3rd person plural kosuk kosaik

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos m

  1. Superseded spelling of kós.

Declension[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verb kose

Noun[edit]

kos m (definite singular kosen) (uncountable)

  1. cosiness (UK) or coziness (US)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos m

  1. hug

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

kos

  1. imperative of kose

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the verb kose

Noun[edit]

kos m (definite singular kosen) (uncountable)

  1. cosiness (UK) or coziness (US)

References[edit]


Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish cosa and Portuguese coisa.

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. thing

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos m anim

  1. common blackbird (Turdus merula)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos f

  1. genitive plural of kosa

Further reading[edit]

  • kos in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • kos in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kȏs (definite kȏsī, Cyrillic spelling ко̑с)

  1. slant, inclined, skew
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kȏs m (Cyrillic spelling ко̑с)

  1. blackbird
Declension[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kọ̑s (comparative [please provide], superlative)

  1. (archaic) slanted, inclined, skewed
Inflection[edit]
Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. kós kósa kóso
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative kós ind
kósi def
kósa kóso
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
kóso kóso
genitive kósega kóse kósega
dative kósemu kósi kósemu
locative kósem kósi kósem
instrumental kósim kóso kósim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative kósa kósi kósi
accusative kósa kósi kósi
genitive kósih kósih kósih
dative kósima kósima kósima
locative kósih kósih kósih
instrumental kósima kósima kósima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative kósi kóse kósa
accusative kóse kóse kósa
genitive kósih kósih kósih
dative kósim kósim kósim
locative kósih kósih kósih
instrumental kósimi kósimi kósimi

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kǫsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kọ̑s m inan

  1. piece
Inflection[edit]
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. kós
gen. sing. kósa
singular dual plural
nominative kós kósa kósi
accusative kós kósa kóse
genitive kósa kósov kósov
dative kósu kósoma kósom
locative kósu kósih kósih
instrumental kósom kósoma kósi

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kọ̑s m anim

  1. blackbird
Inflection[edit]
Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. kós
gen. sing. kósa
singular dual plural
nominative kós kósa kósi
accusative kósa kósa kóse
genitive kósa kósov kósov
dative kósu kósoma kósom
locative kósu kósih kósih
instrumental kósom kósoma kósi

Further reading[edit]

  • kos”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. indefinite genitive singular of ko

Anagrams[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English cost.

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. cost

Etymology 2[edit]

From English cause.

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. cause