kos

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

kos

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Kosraean.

Afar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kos/, [kɔs]
  • Hyphenation: kos

Noun[edit]

kos m 

  1. limp, lameness

References[edit]

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kost, from Middle Dutch cost, from Old French cost.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɔs/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

kos (plural kosse, diminutive kossie)

  1. food

Usage notes[edit]

The diminutive singular is rarely used, while the diminutive plural, kossies, is more commonly found in language used for infants and small children.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a South Slavic language, compare Old Church Slavonic квасъ (kvasŭ, sour dough, sour drink), archaic Serbo-Croatian квас (yeast), Slovene kvas (yeast). Ultimately from Proto-Slavic *kvasъ (leaven, fermented drink).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos m (plural kosë, definite kosi, definite plural kosët)

  1. yogurt

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998), “kos”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden; Boston; Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 192

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Czech kos, from Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Noun[edit]

kos m anim

  1. blackbird
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

kos f

  1. genitive plural of kosa

Verb[edit]

kos

  1. second-person singular imperative of kosit

Further reading[edit]

  • kos in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kos in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • kos in Internetová jazyková příručka

Anagrams[edit]

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos c

  1. indefinite genitive singular of ko

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kos

  1. singular imperative of kosen

Hausa[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kôs m

  1. trump card

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from a Turkic language before the times of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin (at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries). Compare Turkish koç.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos (plural kosok)

  1. ram, tup (a male sheep)
    Hypernym: (sheep) juh
    Hyponym: (a castrated ram) ürü
    aranygyapjas kosgolden-fleeced ram (from Greek mythology)
  2. tup (the head of a hammer, and particularly of a steam-driven hammer)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kos kosok
accusative kost kosokat
dative kosnak kosoknak
instrumental kossal kosokkal
causal-final kosért kosokért
translative kossá kosokká
terminative kosig kosokig
essive-formal kosként kosokként
essive-modal
inessive kosban kosokban
superessive koson kosokon
adessive kosnál kosoknál
illative kosba kosokba
sublative kosra kosokra
allative koshoz kosokhoz
elative kosból kosokból
delative kosról kosokról
ablative kostól kosoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kosé kosoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
koséi kosokéi
Possessive forms of kos
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kosom kosaim
2nd person sing. kosod kosaid
3rd person sing. kosa kosai
1st person plural kosunk kosaink
2nd person plural kosotok kosaitok
3rd person plural kosuk kosaik

References[edit]

  1. ^ kos in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • kos in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kost, from Middle Dutch cost, from Old French cost, from Latin constare, present infinitive of consto (I stand firm (at a price)). Compare to Malay kos (cost).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔs]
  • Hyphenation: kos

Noun[edit]

kos (first-person possessive kosku, second-person possessive kosmu, third-person possessive kosnya)

  1. (colloquial) lodging.
    Synonyms: indekosan, kosan, kos-kosan

Verb[edit]

kos

  1. (colloquial) to rent a place to live or lodge
    Synonyms: berindekos, berkos, indekos, mengekos

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos m animal

  1. Superseded spelling of kós.

Declension[edit]

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kost, from Middle Dutch cost, from Old French cost, from Latin constare, present infinitive of consto (I stand firm (at a price)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos (Jawi spellingکوس⁩, plural kos-kos, informal 1st possessive kosku, 2nd possessive kosmu, 3rd possessive kosnya)

  1. cost

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verb kose.

Noun[edit]

kos m (definite singular kosen) (uncountable)

  1. cosiness (UK) or coziness (US)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos m

  1. hug, cuddle

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

kos

  1. imperative of kose

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verb kose.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos m (definite singular kosen, uncountable)

  1. cosiness (UK) or coziness (US)

Adjective[edit]

kos

  1. cozy

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos f (definite singular kosa, indefinite plural kaser, definite plural kasene)

  1. alternative typography of kòs

References[edit]

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish cosa and Portuguese coisa.

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. thing

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
kos

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Noun[edit]

kos m animal

  1. blackbird, common blackbird, merle (Turdus merula)
    Synonym: kos zwyczajny
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

kos f

  1. genitive plural of kosa

Further reading[edit]

  • kos in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • kos in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kȏs (definite kȏsī, Cyrillic spelling ко̑с)

  1. slant, inclined, skew
  2. (grammar) oblique (of a case)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kȏs m (Cyrillic spelling ко̑с)

  1. blackbird
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • kos” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • kos” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kọ̑s (comparative [please provide], superlative)

  1. (archaic) slanted, inclined, skewed
Inflection[edit]
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. kós kósa kóso
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative kós ind
kósi def
kósa kóso
genitive kósega kóse kósega
dative kósemu kósi kósemu
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
kóso kóso
locative kósem kósi kósem
instrumental kósim kóso kósim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative kósa kósi kósi
genitive kósih kósih kósih
dative kósima kósima kósima
accusative kósa kósi kósi
locative kósih kósih kósih
instrumental kósima kósima kósima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative kósi kóse kósa
genitive kósih kósih kósih
dative kósim kósim kósim
accusative kóse kóse kósa
locative kósih kósih kósih
instrumental kósimi kósimi kósimi

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kǫsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kọ̑s m inan

  1. piece
Inflection[edit]
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. kós
gen. sing. kósa
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
kós kósa kósi
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
kósa kósov kósov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
kósu kósoma kósom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
kós kósa kóse
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
kósu kósih kósih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
kósom kósoma kósi

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kosъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kọ̑s m anim

  1. blackbird
Inflection[edit]
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. kós
gen. sing. kósa
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
kós kósa kósi
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
kósa kósov kósov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
kósu kósoma kósom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
kósa kósa kóse
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
kósu kósih kósih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
kósom kósoma kósi

Further reading[edit]

  • kos”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Doublet of kurs.

Noun[edit]

kos c

  1. (in some expressions) course (often away)
    Tjuven flydde sin kos
    The thief fled his course (fled)
    Fågeln flög sin kos
    The bird flew its course (flew away)
    att styra sin kos någonstans
    to head towards some place

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. indefinite genitive singular of ko

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English cost.

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. cost

Etymology 2[edit]

From English cause.

Noun[edit]

kos

  1. cause