sok

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch sok, from Middle Dutch socke, from Latin soccus, from Ancient Greek σύκχος (súkkhos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sok (plural sokke, diminutive sokkie)

  1. (chiefly diminutive) A sock.

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sokъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sok m (feminine sokyně)

  1. rival

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sok in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sok in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sokkr.

Noun[edit]

sok c (singular definite sokken, plural indefinite sokker)

  1. sock

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch socke, from Latin soccus, from Ancient Greek σύκχος (súkkhos). The current sense derived from German Socke.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɔk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sok
  • Rhymes: -ɔk

Noun[edit]

sok f or m (plural sokken, diminutive sokje n)

  1. sock

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: sok
  • Papiamentu: sok (dated)

Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

sok

  1. (anatomy) breast, nipple
  2. a mother's milk

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Turkic language, compare to Turkish çok and Azerbaijani çox.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sok (comparative több, superlative legtöbb)

  1. much, many
    Synonyms: számos, számtalan, nagyszámú, megannyi, rengeteg
    Antonym: kevés

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative sok sokak
accusative sokat sokakat
dative soknak sokaknak
instrumental sokkal sokakkal
causal-final sokért sokakért
translative sokká sokakká
terminative sokig sokakig
essive-formal sokként sokakként
essive-modal
inessive sokban sokakban
superessive sokon sokakon
adessive soknál sokaknál
illative sokba sokakba
sublative sokra sokakra
allative sokhoz sokakhoz
elative sokból sokakból
delative sokról sokakról
ablative soktól sokaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
soké sokaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
sokéi sokakéi

Some of its possessive forms (single possession with plural possessor) are possible in the partitive sense (“many of us​/​you​/​them”):

Possessive forms of sok
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing.
2nd person sing.
3rd person sing.
1st person plural sokunk
2nd person plural sokatok
3rd person plural sokuk

(See also a list of partitive pronoun forms.)

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

(Non-institutionalized adjectival compounds with single-element numerals [excerpt]):
sokezres, sokmilliós, sokmilliárdos, sokbilliós; soknapi, soknapos, sokhetes, sokheti, sokéves, sokévi, sokhavi; soknaponta, soknaponként, sokhavonta, sokhavonként, sokévente, sokévenként; sokirányú, sokoldalas, sokoldalú, sokkötetes, sokdimenziós, sokszázalékos, sokfős, sokfőnyi, soknyelvű, sokgyerekes / sokgyermekes, soktagú, sokelemű, sokrészes, sokemeletes, sokrétegű, sokszintes, sokablakos, sokajtós, soküléses, sokjegyű, sokpontos, sokszavas, sokbetűs, soksoros; sokeurós; soklábú, sokágú, sokfejű, sokkezű, sokkarú, sokszemű, sokfülű, soklevelű.

Expressions

Further reading[edit]

  • sok in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sok

  1. bogus, pretentious, false

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sok

  1. dissemble, dissimulate
    Synonyms: menyembunyikan, menyamarkan, menyelubungi, berdalih, menutup-nutupi
  2. counterfeit
    Synonyms: meniru, memalsukan, melancungkan, mirip, pura-pura

Noun[edit]

sok (first-person possessive sokku, second-person possessive sokmu, third-person possessive soknya)

  1. bluff, deception
  2. socket
  3. sock

Conjunction[edit]

sok

  1. as if, as though

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Noun[edit]

sok

  1. shock

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

sok

  1. Alternative form of souke

Old Polish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sokъ (accuser), from Proto-Indo-European *sokʷ-ó-s, from the root *sekʷ- (to say).

Noun[edit]

sok m

  1. slanderer, calumniator
    Synonyms: orzeczca, osoczca, pochlebnik, potwarca, soczca
    • Rzeczniczko nasza dobra, ... racz za nami orędować, naszym sokom odpowiadać.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Related terms[edit]

nouns
verbs

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sȍkъ (juice, sap), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sakás, from Proto-Indo-European *sokʷós.

Noun[edit]

sok m

  1. juice, sap
    Synonyms: moszcz, oskoła, suk
    • Tuczność, sok, knotem z sie natopionym.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish sok, from Proto-Slavic *sȍkъ (juice, sap), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sakás, from Proto-Indo-European *sokʷós. Cognate with Lithuanian sakai (resin, tar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sok m inan (diminutive soczek)

  1. juice
    Nalej mi jeszcze soku.Pour me some more juice.
  2. sap

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns

Further reading[edit]

  • sok in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sok in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sȍkъ (juice, sap), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sakás, from Proto-Indo-European *sokʷós.

Noun[edit]

sȏk m (Cyrillic spelling со̑к)

  1. juice

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sȍkъ (juice, sap), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sakás, from Proto-Indo-European *sokʷós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sọ̑k m inan

  1. juice (liquid from a plant)

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. sók
gen. sing. sóka
singular dual plural
nominative sók sokôva sokôvi
accusative sók sokôva sokôve
genitive sóka sokôv sokôv
dative sóku sokôvoma sokôvom
locative sóku sokôvih sokôvih
instrumental sókom sokôvoma sokôvi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. sók
gen. sing. sóka
singular dual plural
nominative sók sóka sóki
accusative sók sóka sóke
genitive sóka sókov sókov
dative sóku sókoma sókom
locative sóku sókih sókih
instrumental sókom sókoma sóki

Further reading[edit]

  • sok”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Zhuang[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sok (old orthography sok)

  1. pier