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Etymology 1[edit]


From Middle English socke, sokke, sok, from Old English socc (sock, light shoe, slipper), a West Germanic borrowing from Latin soccus (a light shoe or slipper, buskin), from Ancient Greek σύκχος (súkkhos, a kind of shoe), probably from Phrygian or from an Anatolian language. Cognate with Scots sok (sock, stocking), West Frisian sok (sock), Dutch sok (sock), German Socke (sock), Danish sok, sokke (sock), Swedish sock, socka (sock), Icelandic sokkur (sock).


sock (plural socks or (informal, nonstandard) sox)

  1. A knitted or woven covering for the foot.
  2. A shoe worn by Greco-Roman comedy actors.
  3. A cat's or dog's lower leg that is a different color (usually white) from the color pattern on the rest of the animal.
    Synonym: mitten
  4. (Wiktionary and WMF jargon) A sock puppet.
  5. (firearms, informal) A gun sock.
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from sock (noun)
  • French: socquette
    • Portuguese: soquete
  • Japanese: ソックス (sokkusu) < socks
  • Swahili: soksi < socks (plural)

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown, but compare Portuguese soco ("a hit with one's hand; a punch"). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (W. Eng. dial.): zock


sock (not comparable)

  1. (slang, dated) Extremely successful.
    • 1960, Billboard magazine reviewer
      Sock performance on a catchy rhythm ditty with infectious tempo.


sock (plural socks)

  1. (slang) A violent blow; a punch.


sock (third-person singular simple present socks, present participle socking, simple past and past participle socked)

  1. (slang, transitive) To hit or strike violently; to deliver a blow to.
    • 1926, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Land of Mist[1]:
      "We must get the old dear out," said Lord Roxton to Malone. "He'll be had for manslaughter if we don't. What I mean, he's not responsible - he'll sock someone and be lagged for it."
    • 1951, J.D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye, Chapter 13:
      What you should be is not yellow at all. If you're supposed to sock somebody in the jaw, and you sort of feel like doing it, you should do it.
    • 1951, James Jones, From Here to Eternity, Book Four:
      They may let you off the first time because you're new maybe. But the second time they'll sock it to you, give you a couple of days in the Hole, then throw you in Number Two.
  2. (slang, transitive) To throw.
Derived terms[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

From French soc, from Late Latin soccus, perhaps of Celtic origin.


sock (plural socks)

  1. A ploughshare.
    • D. Brewster, The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia
      In Wexford, the beam is shorter than in any of the other counties, and the sock in general is of cast iron.

Etymology 4[edit]

From socket.


sock (plural socks)

  1. (computing, networking) Abbreviation of socket.




sock c

  1. sock


Declension of sock 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sock socken sockar sockarna
Genitive socks sockens sockars sockarnas

See also[edit]