hit

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Hit, HIT, hít, and -hit

English[edit]

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 hit on Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: hĭt, IPA(key): /hɪt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hitten (to hit, strike, make contact with), from Old English hittan (to meet with, come upon, fall in with), probably from Old Norse hitta (to strike, meet), from Proto-Germanic *hittijaną (to come upon, find), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂eyd- (to fall; fall upon; hit; cut; hew). Cognate with Icelandic hitta (to meet), Danish hitte (to find), Latin caedō (fall), Albanian qit (to hit, throw, pull out, release).

Verb[edit]

hit (third-person singular simple present hits, present participle hitting, simple past hit or (dialectal, obsolete) hat or (rare, dialectal) het, past participle hit or (archaic, rare, dialectal) hitten)

  1. (heading, physical) To strike.
    1. (transitive) To administer a blow to, directly or with a weapon or missile.
      One boy hit the other.
      • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
        Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
      • 1922-1927, Frank Harris, My Life and Loves
        He tried to hit me but I dodged the blow and went out to plot revenge.
      • 1922 February, James Joyce, “[[Episode 15]]”, in Ulysses, Paris: Shakespeare & Co.; Sylvia Beach, OCLC 560090630; republished London: Published for the Egoist Press, London by John Rodker, Paris, October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
        Bello: (Shouts) Good, by the rumping jumping general! That's the best bit of news I heard these six weeks. Here, don't keep me waiting, damn you! (He slaps her face)
        Bello: (Whimpers) You're after hitting me. I'll tell []
      • 1934, Robert E. Howard, The Slugger's Game
        I hunted him for half a hour, aiming to learn him to hit a man with a table-leg and then run, but I didn't find him.
    2. (transitive) To come into contact with forcefully and suddenly.
      The ball hit the fence.
      • 1726 October 28, [Jonathan Swift], chapter V, in Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. In Four Parts. [] [Gulliver’s Travels], volume I, London: Printed for Benj[amin] Motte, [], OCLC 995220039, part II (A Voyage to Brobdingnag):
        a dozen apples, each of them near as large as a Bristol barrel, came tumbling about my ears; one of them hit me on the back as I chanced to stoop, and knocked me down flat on my face.
      • 1882, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Doctor Grimshawe's Secret: A romance
        Meanwhile the street boys kept up a shower of mud balls, many of which hit the Doctor, while the rest were distributed upon his assailants.
    3. (intransitive) To strike against something.
      • (Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        If bodies be extension alone, how can they move and hit one against another?
    4. (transitive, slang) To kill a person, usually on the instructions of a third party.
      Hit him tonight and throw the body in the river.
      • 1973, Mario Puzo, Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather Part II (screenplay, second draft)
        FREDO: Mikey, why would they ever hit poor old Frankie Five-Angels? I loved that ole sonuvabitch.
    5. (transitive, military) To attack, especially amphibiously.
      If intelligence had been what it should have been, I don't think we'd ever have hit that island.
  2. (transitive) To manage to touch in the right place.
    I hit the jackpot.
    Antonym: miss
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To briefly visit.
    We hit the grocery store on the way to the park.
  4. (transitive, informal) To encounter an obstacle or other difficulty.
    You'll hit some nasty thunderstorms if you descend too late.We hit a lot of traffic coming back from the movies.
  5. (heading) To attain, to achieve.
    1. (transitive, informal) To reach or achieve.
      The movie hits theaters in December.
      The temperature could hit 110°F tomorrow.
      We hit Detroit at one in the morning but kept driving through the night.
      • 2012, August 1. Owen Gibson in Guardian Unlimited, London 2012: rowers Glover and Stanning win Team GB's first gold medal:
        And her success with Glover, a product of the National Lottery-funded Sporting Giants talent identification programme, will also spark relief among British officials who were starting to fret a little about hitting their target of equalling fourth in the medal table from Beijing.
    2. (intransitive) To meet or reach what was aimed at or desired; to succeed, often by luck.
    3. To guess; to light upon or discover.
  6. (transitive) To affect negatively.
    The economy was hit by a recession.  The hurricane hit his fishing business hard.
  7. (figuratively) To attack.
    • 2016 March 3, Nick Gass, quoting Donald Trump, “Trump on small hands: 'I guarantee you there's no problem'”, in Politico[1]:
      I have to say this, he hit my hands. Nobody has ever hit my hands. I’ve never heard of this one. Look at those hands. Are they small hands?
  8. (heading, games) To make a play.
    1. (transitive, card games) In blackjack, to deal a card to.
      Hit me.
    2. (intransitive, baseball) To come up to bat.
      Jones hit for the pitcher.
    3. (backgammon) To take up, or replace by a piece belonging to the opposing player; said of a single unprotected piece on a point.
  9. (transitive, computing, programming) To use; to connect to.
    The external web servers hit DBSRV7, but the internal web server hits DBSRV3.
  10. (transitive, US, slang) To have sex with.
    I'd hit that.
  11. (transitive, US, slang) To inhale an amount of smoke from a narcotic substance, particularly marijuana.
    • 2005, Jordan Houston, Darnell Carlton, Paul Beauregard, Premro Smith, Marlon Goodwin, David Brown, and Willie Hutchinson (lyrics), “Stay Fly”, in Most Known Unknown[2], Sony BMG, performed by Three 6 Mafia (featuring Young Buck, 8 Ball, and MJG):
      Tastes like fruit when you hit it; got to have bread to get it.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (manage to touch in the right place): miss
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from hit (verb)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

hit (plural hits)

  1. A blow; a punch; a striking against; the collision of one body against another; the stroke that touches anything.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      So he the famed Cilician fencer praised, / And, at each hit, with wonder seems amazed.
    The hit was very slight.
  2. Something very successful, such as a song, film, or video game, that receives widespread recognition and acclaim.
    • 2012 February 9, Tasha Robinson, “Film: Review: Chico & Rita”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[3]:
      Chico & Rita opens in the modern era, as an aged, weary Chico shines shoes in his native Cuba. Then a song heard on the radio—a hit he wrote and recorded with Rita in their youth—carries him back to 1948 Havana, where they first met.
  3. An attack on a location, person or people.
  4. A collision of a projectile with the target.
    1. In the game of Battleship, a correct guess at where one's opponent ship is.
  5. (computing, Internet) A match found by searching a computer system or search engine
  6. (Internet) A measured visit to a web site, a request for a single file from a web server.
    My site received twice as many hits after being listed in a search engine.
  7. An approximately correct answer in a test set.
  8. (baseball) The complete play, when the batter reaches base without the benefit of a walk, error, or fielder’s choice.
    The catcher got a hit to lead off the fifth.
  9. (colloquial) A dose of an illegal or addictive drug.
    Where am I going to get my next hit?
  10. A premeditated murder done for criminal or political purposes.
  11. (dated) A peculiarly apt expression or turn of thought; a phrase which hits the mark.
    a happy hit
  12. (backgammon) A move that throws one of the opponent's men back to the entering point.
  13. (backgammon) A game won after the adversary has removed some of his men. It counts for less than a gammon.
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Catalan: hit
  • Czech: hit
  • Danish: hit
  • Dutch: hit
  • Japanese: ヒット (hitto)
  • Polish: hit
  • Portuguese: hit
  • Russian: хит (xit)
  • Spanish: hit
  • Swedish: hit
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective[edit]

hit (not comparable)

  1. Very successful.
    The band played their hit song to the delight of the fans.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English hit (it), from Old English hit (it), from Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here). Cognate with Dutch het (it). More at it. Note 'it.

Pronoun[edit]

hit (subjective and objective hit, reflexive and intensive hitself, possessive adjective and noun hits)

  1. (dialectal) It.
    • 1922, Philip Gengembre Hubert, The Atlantic monthly, Volume 130:
      But how hit was to come about didn't appear.
    • 1998, Nancy A. Walker, What's so funny?: humor in American culture:
      Now, George, grease it good, an' let hit slide down the hill hits own way.
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Alemannic German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German hiutu, from hiu +‎ tagu, a calque of Latin hodie. Cognate with German heute, Dutch heden.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hit

  1. (Alsatian) today
    Hit isch dr Jean-Pierre so drüri.Jean-Pierre is so sad today.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (something very successful)
    Synonym: èxit
    • 2020 February 6, Time Out Barcelona[4], volume 583, page 8, column Sèries:
      Us passareu els capítols amb el Shazam obert buscant els hits que sonen.
      You'll spend the episodes with Shazam open, searching for the hits that play.

References[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hit m

  1. hit (a success, especially in the entertainment industry)
    Synonym: šlágr

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hit.

Noun[edit]

hit n (singular definite hittet, plural indefinite hits)

  1. hit (something very successful)

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English hit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hit m (plural hits, diminutive hitje n)

  1. A hit song, a very popular and successful song.
  2. (by extension) A success, something popular and successful (especially in the entertainment industry).

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From hisz (to believe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hit (plural hitek)

  1. faith, belief

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative hit hitek
accusative hitet hiteket
dative hitnek hiteknek
instrumental hittel hitekkel
causal-final hitért hitekért
translative hitté hitekké
terminative hitig hitekig
essive-formal hitként hitekként
essive-modal
inessive hitben hitekben
superessive hiten hiteken
adessive hitnél hiteknél
illative hitbe hitekbe
sublative hitre hitekre
allative hithez hitekhez
elative hitből hitekből
delative hitről hitekről
ablative hittől hitektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
hité hiteké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
hitéi hitekéi
Possessive forms of hit
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hitem hiteim
2nd person sing. hited hiteid
3rd person sing. hite hitei
1st person plural hitünk hiteink
2nd person plural hitetek hiteitek
3rd person plural hitük hiteik

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):


Lashi[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hit

  1. here

Determiner[edit]

hit

  1. this

References[edit]


Limburgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch hit, from English hit.

Noun[edit]

hit f

  1. (slang, Dutch) something popular (book, song, band, country)

Usage notes[edit]

Slang. Mainly used when speaking Dutch, rather than in real Limburgish. Overall speaking, Limburgish is more conservative, therefore slaag is more often used.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection
Root singular Root plural Diminutive singular Diminutive plural
Nominative hit hits hitje hitjes
Genitive hit hits hitjes hitjes
Locative hittes hitteser hitteske hitteskes
Dative¹²
Accusative¹²
  • Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.
  • The dative got out of use around 1900. As this is a recent loanword, there is no conjugation for it to be found.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hit

  1. Alternative form of het

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English hit, from Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hit (accusative hit, genitive hit, his, possessive determiner hit, his)

  1. Third-person singular neuter pronoun: it
  2. Sometimes used in reference to a child or man: he, she
  3. Third-person singular neuter accusative pronoun: it
  4. Third-person singular neuter genitive pronoun: its
  5. (impersonal, placeholder) Third-person singular impersonal placeholder pronoun: it

Descendants[edit]

Determiner[edit]

hit (nominative pronoun hit)

  1. Third-person singular neuter possessive determiner: it

References[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of hit – see (“that; those; he; she; it; etc.”).
(This character, hit, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hit

  1. here (to this place)
    Kom hit!
    Come here!

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hit

  1. here (to this place)
    Kom hit!
    Come here!

References[edit]


Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hit.

Pronoun[edit]

hit

  1. it

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Dutch: het
    • Dutch: het (only the pronoun; the definite article is a weakened form of dat)
    • Limburgish: hèt

Further reading[edit]

  • hit”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here). Cognate with Old Frisian hit (it), Old High German iz (it), Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐍄𐌰 (hita, it). More at .

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hit n (accusative hit, genitive his, dative him)

  1. it

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Article[edit]

hit

  1. neuter nominative/accusative singular of hinn

Declension[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hit m inan

  1. hit (a success, especially in the entertainment industry)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hit in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hit in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hit.

Noun[edit]

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (success, especially in the entertainment industry)
    Synonym: sucesso

Further reading[edit]

  • hit” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English hit.

Noun[edit]

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (success)
    Synonym: éxito

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish hit, from *+at.

Composed in a similar way: Icelandic hegat and hingað.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hit (not comparable)

  1. here; to this place, hither
    Jag kom hit igår
    I came here yesterday
Antonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English hit.

Noun[edit]

hit c

  1. (informal) hit; something very popular. (A book, a movie, a song, ...)