bat

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia
A bat

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: băt, IPA(key): /bæt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æt

Etymology 1[edit]

Dialectal variant (akin to dialectal Swedish natt-batta) of Middle English bakke, balke, of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse (leðr)blaka (literally (leather) flapper), from leðr + blaka (to flap).

Compare Old Swedish natbakka, Old Danish nathbakkæ (literally night-flapper).

Noun[edit]

bat (plural bats)

  1. Any of the flying mammals of the order Chiroptera, usually small and nocturnal, insectivorous or frugivorous.
    • 1920, Mary Roberts Rinehart; Avery Hopwood, chapter I, in The Bat: A Novel from the Play (Dell Book; 241), New York, N.Y.: Dell Publishing Company, OCLC 20230794, page 01:
      The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a bat he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
    • 2012, Suemedha Sood, (bbc.co.uk) Travelwise: Texas love bats [sic]
      As well as being worth millions of dollars to the Texan agriculture industry, these mammals are worth millions of dollars to the state’s tourism industry. Texas is home to the world’s largest known bat colony (in Comal County), and the world’s largest urban bat colony (in Austin). Bat watching is a common activity, with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department offering more bat-viewing sites than anywhere else in the US.
  2. (derogatory) An old woman.
    • 2000, Bill Oddie, Gripping Yarns, page 196:
      "Isn't it lovely?" I smiled and thought: "Yes it is. It's also a Blackbird, you silly old bat!
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

A baseball player swinging a baseball bat to hit a baseball

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English bat, batte, from Old English batt (bat, club, cudgel), probably of Celtic origin, compare Old Breton bath (club, cudgel) and modern Breton bazh (swagger stick), ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *bʰedʰh₂- (to strike, beat, pierce), similar to the Gaulish source of Latin battuo (I beat, pound).[1]

Noun[edit]

  • bat (plural bats)
    1. A club made of wood or aluminium used for striking the ball in sports such as baseball, softball and cricket.
    2. A turn at hitting the ball with a bat in a game.
      You've been in for ages. Can I have a bat now?
    3. (two-up) The piece of wood on which the spinner places the coins and then uses for throwing them.[2]
    4. (mining) Shale or bituminous shale.
      • 1799, Richard Kirwan, Geological Essays
        bituminous shale ; which miners , if I mistake not , call bat
    5. A sheet of cotton used for filling quilts or comfortables; batting.
    6. A part of a brick with one whole end.
    7. A stroke; a sharp blow.
    8. (UK, Scotland, dialect) A stroke of work.
    9. (informal) Rate of motion; speed.
      • 1842, Sporting Magazine (page 251)
        On starting, The Nun led at a very slow pace for a quarter of a mile, when the Shrigley colt made running at a good bat.
      • 1898, unknown author, Pall Mall Magazine
        a vast host of fowl [] making at full bat for the North Sea.
    10. (US, slang, dated) A spree; a jollification.
    11. (UK, Scotland, dialect) Manner; rate; condition; state of health.
    12. (Kent, Sussex) A rough walking stick.[3][4]
    Synonyms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]
    Translations[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    bat (third-person singular simple present bats, present participle batting, simple past and past participle batted)

    1. (transitive) To hit with a bat or (figuratively) as if with a bat.
      He batted the ball away with a satisfying thwack.
      We batted a few ideas around.
    2. (intransitive) To take a turn at hitting a ball with a bat in sports like cricket, baseball and softball, as opposed to fielding.
    3. (intransitive) To strike or swipe as though with a bat.
      The cat batted at the toy.
    Derived terms[edit]
    Translations[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Beekes, R. S. P. (1997). Sound Law and Analogy: Papers in Honor of Robert S.P. Beekes on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Netherlands: Rodopi, p. 312
    2. ^ Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language, second edition, 1966, chapter XI section 3, page 242
    3. ^ A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect. W.D. Parrish
    4. ^ A Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect and Provincialisms. W. D. Parish and W.F. Shaw

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Possibly a variant of bate.

    Verb[edit]

    bat (third-person singular simple present bats, present participle batting, simple past and past participle batted)

    1. (transitive) To flutter
      bat one's eyelashes
    2. (US, UK, dialect) To wink.
    3. (UK, dialect, obsolete) To bate or flutter, as a hawk.
    4. (intransitive, usually with 'around' or 'about') To flit quickly from place to place.
      I've spent all week batting around the country.
    Usage notes[edit]

    Most commonly used in the phrase bat an eye, and variants thereof.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Borrowed from French bât, from Old French bast, from Vulgar Latin *bastum, form of *bastāre (to carry), from Ancient Greek βαστάζω (bastázō, to lift, carry). Doublet of baton and baston.

    Noun[edit]

    bat (plural bats)

    1. (obsolete) A packsaddle.
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat

    1. Dated form of baht (Thai currency).

    Etymology 6[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat (plural bats)

    1. (Caribbean, MLE) Clipping of batty (buttocks or anus).

    Etymology 7[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat (plural bats)

    1. (UK, dialect, obsolete) A child's shoe without a welt.
      • 1909, Boot and Shoe Recorder (volume 55, page 25)
        The retailer who sells a little girl a pretty pair of shoes today instead of a pair of bats, is bound to sell that girl, when she grows up, a pair of stylish $3 or $4 shoes instead of her buying a pair of $1.98 bargain bats elsewhere.
    2. (UK, slang, obsolete) A boot that is badly made or in poor condition.
    References[edit]
    • (child's shoe; boot): J. Wright, The English Dialect Dictionary
    • (boot): 1873, John Camden Hotten, The Slang Dictionary

    Anagrams[edit]


    Aromanian[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Late Latin battō, from Latin battuō. Compare Daco-Romanian bate, bat.

    Verb[edit]

    bat (third-person singular present indicative bati/bate, past participle bãtutã)

    1. I beat, hit, strike.
    2. I defeat.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]


    Basque[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From a reduced form of Proto-Basque *bade (one, some), present also in bederatzi (nine) and bedera (same; everyone).[1][2][3] Compared by Eduardo Orduña and Joan Ferrer to Iberian ban (one).[4][5]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Determiner[edit]

    bat

    1. a, an, some
      musu bat
      a kiss

    Numeral[edit]

    Basque numbers (edit)
    10
    [a], [b] ←  0 1 2  → 
        Cardinal: bat
        Ordinal: lehen

    bat

    1. one
      Sagar bat eta lau laranja.
      One apple and four oranges.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Pronoun[edit]

    bat

    1. (indefinite) some

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ bat” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk
    2. ^ Mitxelena, Koldo L. (1961) Fonética histórica vasca [Basque Historical Phonetics] (Obras completas de Luis Michelena; 1) (in Spanish), Diputación Foral de Guipuzkoa, published 1990, →ISBN, page 134
    3. ^ bat” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
    4. ^ Orduña A., Eduardo (2011), “Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco [Iberian numerals and Proto-Basque]”, in Veleia[1] (in Spanish), volume 28, pages 125–139
    5. ^ Joan Ferrer i Jané, El sistema de numerales ibérico: avances en su conocimiento

    Further reading[edit]

    • bat” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
    • Azkue, Resurrección María de (1905–1906), “bat”, in Diccionario vasco-español-francés = Dictionnaire basque-espagnol-français [Basque-Spanish-French Dictionary] (in Spanish and French), volume 1, Bilbao, page 137

    Catalan[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From batre.

    Noun[edit]

    bat m (plural bats)

    1. A place exposed to the elements.
      Synonyms: batent, baterell

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. third-person singular present indicative form of batre
    2. second-person singular imperative form of batre

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From English bat.

    Noun[edit]

    bat m (plural bats)

    1. (baseball) bat
    Related terms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    “bat” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.


    Cebuano[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat

    1. a type of sea cucumber

    Chinese[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of bat – see .
    (This character, bat, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

    Danish[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From English bat.

    Noun[edit]

    bat n (singular definite battet, plural indefinite bat or bats)

    1. bat (a club for striking a ball)
    Inflection[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. imperative of batte

    French[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. third-person singular present indicative of battre

    Anagrams[edit]


    German[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. first/third-person singular preterite of bitten

    Jamaican Creole[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /ˈbat/
    • Hyphenation: bat

    Etymology 1[edit]

    bat

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Noun[edit]

    bat (plural: bat dem or bats dem, quantified: bat)

    1. moth (nocturnal insect)
      • 2003, Amber Wilson, Jamaica: The Land (in English), page 30:
        “Hundreds of species of butterflies and moths live in Jamaica. Jamaicans call large moths "bats." The black witch moth is known as "the duppy bat." A duppy is a spirit in Jamaican culture that sometimes causes mischief. Duppy bats have brown [...]”
      Duppy bat still a fly like hawk.
      Black witch moths are still flying around like hawks.
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    bat

    From English bat.

    Noun[edit]

    bat (plural: bat dem or bats dem, quantified: bat)

    1. bat (instrument for hitting or striking)
      When yu get one lick from me wid di bat... yu wi know.
      If I hit you once with this bat, you'll understand.
    Derived terms[edit]
    1. old bat

    References[edit]


    Jingpho[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Borrowed from Burmese ပတ် (pat)

    Noun[edit]

    bat

    1. week

    References[edit]

    • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31), “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[2], volume 35, DOI:10.14989/219015, ISSN 1349-7804, pages 91–128

    Luo[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat (plural bede)

    1. arm

    Middle Dutch[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Old Dutch *bath, from Proto-Germanic *baþą.

    Noun[edit]

    bat n

    1. bath
    Inflection[edit]

    This noun needs an inflection-table template.

    Descendants[edit]
    • Dutch: bad
    • Limburgish: baad

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Old Dutch *bat, *bet, from Proto-Germanic *batiz.

    Adverb[edit]

    bat

    1. better; comparative degree of wel
      Synonym: beter
    Alternative forms[edit]
    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. first/third-person singular past indicative of bidden

    Further reading[edit]


    Middle English[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Old English batt, from Celtic; influenced by Old French batte.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat (plural battes or botten)

    1. A mace, bat, or morningstar (blunt weapon)
    2. (rare) A pole or stick used for other
    3. (rare, Late Middle English) A strike or hit from a weapon.
    4. (rare, Late Middle English) A clump of soft material.
    Descendants[edit]
    References[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat

    1. (Northern) Alternative form of bot (boat)

    Min Nan[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of bat – see (“to know; to recognise; to be familiar with”).
    (This character, bat, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

    Old English[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Proto-West Germanic *bait.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bāt m or f (nominative plural bātas)

    1. boat

    Declension[edit]

    Descendants[edit]


    Old French[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Borrowed from Old English bāt and Middle English bot.

    Noun[edit]

    bat m (oblique plural batz, nominative singular batz, nominative plural bat)

    1. boat

    References[edit]

    • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (bat)

    Old Irish[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. inflection of is:
      1. third-person plural imperative
      2. third-person plural present subjunctive

    Mutation[edit]

    Old Irish mutation
    Radical Lenition Nasalization
    bat bat
    pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
    mbat
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    Polish[edit]

    Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia pl
    bat

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Inherited from Proto-Slavic *batъ.

    Noun[edit]

    bat m inan (diminutive bacik)

    1. whip (rod for beating)
      Synonym: bicz
    2. (slang) joint (a marijuana cigarette)
    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    noun
  • adverb/preposition

    Related terms[edit]

    nouns
    verbs

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Either borrowed from Swedish bat,[1] or from Italian batto.[2]

    Noun[edit]

    bat m inan

    1. bateau (type of boat)
    Declension[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Borrowed from Thai บาท (bàat).

    Noun[edit]

    bat m inan

    1. baht (official currency of Thailand)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Mirosław Bańko; Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
    2. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “bat”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN

    Further reading[edit]

    • bat in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
    • bat in Polish dictionaries at PWN

    Romanian[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. inflection of bate:
      1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
      2. third-person plural present indicative

    Serbo-Croatian[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Proto-Slavic *batъ.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bȁt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̏т)

    1. mallet
    2. helve hammer
    Declension[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish باصدی(bastı), from باصمق(basmak).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bȃt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑т)

    1. The tramp of heavy footsteps, as in a military march
      • 1939, Čedomir Minderović, Crven je istok i zapad:
        Napred, sve bliže i bliže, / Čuje se koraka bat. / Glas milijona se diže: / Dole fašizam i rat!
        Forward, ever closer and closer, / the tramp of footsteps is heard. / The voice of millions is raised: / Down with fascism and war!
    2. (rare) The tramp of horses’ hooves
    Declension[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bȃt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑т)

    1. Alternative form of bȁht
    Declension[edit]

    References[edit]

    • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal
    • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal
    • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal

    Spanish[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From English bat.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat m (plural bats)

    1. (baseball) bat (act of batting)
    2. Misspelling of baht.

    Turkish[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. imperative of batmak (to sink)

    Tzotzil[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Zinacantán) IPA(key): /ɓätʰ/

    Verb[edit]

    bat

    1. (intransitive) to go

    References[edit]


    Westrobothnian[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat f

    1. excrement
    2. dirt, uncleanliness

    Noun[edit]

    bat m (definite batn, plural baat)

    1. Alternative spelling of båt

    Yola[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat

    1. Alternative form of bath

    References[edit]

    • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 25

    Yucatec Maya[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    bat (plural batoʼob)

    1. hail, hailstone

    Zhuang[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Chinese (MC puɑt̚).

    Noun[edit]

    bat (Sawndip forms or 𥐙 or or or , old orthography bat)

    1. basin; bowl
      Synonym: (dialectal) angq
    Derived terms[edit]

    Classifier[edit]

    bat (old orthography bat)

    1. basin of; bowl of

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Chinese (MC pˠat̚, “eight”). Doublet of bet.

    Numeral[edit]

    bat (old orthography bat)

    1. eight (used in compounds)
      Synonym: bet