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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手口尸弓 (QRSN), four-corner 52000, composition or ⿰)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 433, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12141
  • Dae Jaweon: page 783, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1883, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+634C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gjat ‎(eight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. an accounting version of the numeral eight that is otherwise written as

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *brat ‎(cut apart, cut open). Cognate to .

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣɛt̚/ /pat̚/ /pɛt̚/ /pɯæt̚/ /pəɨt̚/ /pæt̚/ /pæt̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣat̚/ /păt̚/ /pat̚/ /pɯat̚/ /paɨt̚/ /pat̚/ /pɐt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
817 2 /*preːd/
819 1 /*praːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “toothless rake”).
  2. Alternative form of (, “to break open, split open”).

Etymology 3[edit]

Min dialectal word for "to know".

Austroasiatic substrate influence; may be related to (“to split; to differentiate”). Cognate with Vietnamese biết ‎(to know), Muong mắt ‎(to know), Proto-Bahnaric *băt ("to remember, to know"), Proto-Hmong-Mien *pei ‎(to know) (White Hmong paub ‎(to know, to understand)).

Many variant written forms exist, including , , , , (“to know”) and (“already”). is recommended by Taiwan's Ministry of Education.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min)

  1. to know; to recognise; to be familiar with
    [Min Dong]  ―  báik-cê / [pɛiʔ²⁴⁻⁵⁵ t͡sɛi²⁴²] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  to know how to read
  2. to know (somebody)
    [Min Dong]  ―  ng-báik / [(ŋ̍-)m̩⁵⁵⁻⁵³ (p-)maiʔ²⁴] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  to not know (someone)
  3. already, previously
    [Min Dong]  ―  báik-cèng / [pɛiʔ²⁴⁻²¹ t͡sɛiŋ⁵³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  a term denoting past tense
    / [Min Nan]  ―  bat chò--kòe [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to have done something already

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. an accounting version of the numeral eight that is otherwise written as .

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pal) (hangeul , revised pal, McCune-Reischauer p'al, Yale phal)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bịt, bát, bít, xốc, bắt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.