Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+634C, 捌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-634C

[U+634B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+634D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手口尸弓 (QRSN), four-corner 52000, composition or ⿰)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 433, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12141
  • Dae Jaweon: page 783, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1883, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+634C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gjat (eight).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (1)
Final () (75)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/pɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/pæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ba

Definitions[edit]

  1. an accounting version of the numeral eight that is otherwise written as

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿

万亿
Financial




亿

万亿

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *brat (cut apart, cut open). Cognate to .

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (1) (1)
Final () (75) (71)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠɛt̚/ /pˠat̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚæt̚/ /pᵚat̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pæt̚/ /pɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pəɨt̚/ /paɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/pɛt̚/ /pat̚/
Wang
Li
/pæt̚/ /pat̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pat̚/ /păt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ba ba
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 817 819
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*preːd/ /*praːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “toothless rake”).
  2. Alternative form of (, “to break open, split open”).
  3. to break
  4. sound of breaking
  5. A surname​.

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
 




"to know"
"already"

Min dialectal word for "to know".

Austroasiatic substrate influence (Norman and Mei, 1976); may be related to (“to split; to differentiate”). Cognate with Vietnamese biết (to know), Muong mắt (to know), Proto-Bahnaric *băt (to remember, to know), Proto-Hmong-Mien *pei (to know) (White Hmong paub (to know, to understand)).

Many variant written forms exist, but is recommended by Taiwan's Ministry of Education.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Zhangzhou:
    • pat - only “to know”.

Definitions[edit]

(Min)

  1. to know; to recognise; to be familiar with
    [Min Dong]  ―  báik-cê / [pɛiʔ²⁴⁻⁵⁵ t͡sɛi²⁴²] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  to know how to read
  2. to know (somebody)
    [Min Dong]  ―  n̂g-báik / [(ŋ̍-)m̩²⁴²⁻⁵³ (p-)maiʔ²⁴] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  to not know (someone)
  3. already; previously
    [Min Dong]  ―  báik-cèng / [pɛiʔ²⁴⁻²¹ t͡sɛiŋ⁵³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  a term denoting past tense
    / [Min Nan]  ―  bat chò--kòe [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to have done something already
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 知道 (“to know (something)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 知道知曉
Mandarin Beijing 知道
Taiwan 知道
Jinan 知道
Xi'an 知道
Wuhan 曉得找得到
Huanggang 曉得
Chengdu 曉得
Yangzhou 曉得
Hefei 曉得
Cantonese Guangzhou 知道
Hong Kong 知道
Taishan 知𡃴
Yangjiang 知得
Gan Nanchang 曉得
Hakka Meixian 知得
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 知得
Liudui (S. Sixian) 知得
Hsinchu (Hailu) 知得
Dongshi (Dabu) 知得知著
Zhuolan (Raoping) 知得
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 知道曉得
Min Bei Jian'ou 得知曉得
Min Dong Fuzhou 捌傳
Min Nan Xiamen 知影
Quanzhou 知影
Zhangzhou 知影
Taipei 知影
Kaohsiung 知影
Penang 知影
Philippines (Manila) 知影
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 曉得
Wenzhou 曉得
Xiang Changsha 曉得
Shuangfeng 曉得
Dialectal synonyms of 認識 (“to know (somebody)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 認識
Mandarin Beijing 認識
Taiwan 認識
Cantonese Guangzhou 識得
Hong Kong 識得
Yangjiang 識得
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou 捌傳
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Wu Wenzhou

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. an accounting version of the numeral eight that is otherwise written as .

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pal) (hangeul , revised pal, McCune-Reischauer p'al, Yale phal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bịt, bát, bít, xốc, bắt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.